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  • Davis, S., Diegel, S. Transportation Energy Databook: Edition 24. Oak Ridge National Laboratory,
  • Vegetable oil is highly consistent 16 – 23 carbon in the ground for 250 Myrs is rancid (geologically speaking) some chains get smaller natural gas, some get longer asphalt, some wrap on them selves creating cyclic compounds that mutate cells aka cause cancer, Diesel fuel is 20% by volume pure PAH’s in the liquid form it is toxic and that quality remains in the emissions and worse yet the PAH’s “stick” to the particulates such that they remain near street level and create a pathway into the lungs. Biodiesel has none of this in the liquid form so that there is much less in the emissions, much like the smell of a camp fire crossed with a kitchen
  • What is the latest number? Recent changes to specification? Cold filter plug point. Acid number gives you a sence of rate of oxidation.– good sign of microbrial growth. Glycerin- full reaction? Davis, S., Diegel, S. Transportation Energy Databook: Edition 24. Oak Ridge National Laboratory,
  • Davis, S., Diegel, S. Transportation Energy Databook: Edition 24. Oak Ridge National Laboratory,

Biodiesel Educational Resources Biodiesel Educational Resources Presentation Transcript

  • Bringing Biodiesel to the Automotive Classroom National Biodiesel Board Technician Outreach Program
  • Biodiesel Driving Forces
    • Reduce dependence on imported crude oil and petrodiesel from unstable parts of the world
    • Reduce global warming by using a renewable fuel
    • Reduce harmful emissions from diesel engines
    • Can be used in any diesel engine without modifications, existing fueling stations can be used
    • Easy to use--drop in substitute for petroleum diesel fuel
    • Produces over 3 times more energy than it takes to grow and process the fuel
    • Engine and vehicle companies approve the fuel for use
    • Over 100 million miles of on-road trouble-free use both here and abroad
  • Biodiesel (B100) Attributes
    • High Cetane (avg. over 50)
    • Ultra Low Sulfur (avg. ~ 2 ppm)
    • High Lubricity, even in blends as low as 1-2%
    • High Energy Balance (3.5 to 1)
    • Renewable, Sustainable, Domestically Produced
    • Increases overall fuel production capacity in USA
    • Reduces HC, PM, CO in existing diesel engines
  • Why make biodiesel? Diesel fuel injectors are not designed for viscous fuels like vegetable oil Glycerin (thick) Biodiesel
  • Source: National Biodiesel Board May 2008 NBB OEM Education
  • Summary
    • Biodiesel in the classroom
    • Existing Curriculum
    • Biodiesel in the shop
    • Hands-on labs
    • On-vehicle diagnosis
    • Training resources
  • Biodiesel & Automotive Programs
    • Solar Energy International, Carbondale Colorado
    • Madison Area Technical College, Madison, Wisconsin
    • Sustainable Energy & Education Training Bettendorf, Iowa
    • City College of San Francisco, California
    • Wake Technical Community College, Raleigh, NC
    • High school Programs
    • Central Carolina Community College, Pittsboro, NC
  • SEI: Solar Energy International
    • Seminar courses
    • Hands-on program:
    • Engine care when using biodiesel
    • Biodiesel production technology
    • State and Federal Legislation
    • Training and Business models
    • Headquartered in Colorado
    • International course offering
  • MATC: Madison Area Tech
    • National Science Foundation grant
    • Instructors Ken Walz and Paul Morschauser
    • Renewable Energy Certificate, a 12-credit program offered through the Consortium of Education in Renewable Energy Technology (CERET)
    • Multi-disciplinary (Chemistry and Diesel Technology)
  • EPA Fleet Curriculum
    • Collaborative effort: Community Fuels, City College of San Francisco, San Francisco Department of the Environment, and Biofuel Oasis
    • Curriculum for fuel distributors, fleet operators, mechanics and drivers of trucking, municipal, construction and agricultural fleets.
    • Eight pilot fleets will use biodiesel blends and their experience will be monitored.
  • SEET: Sustainable Energy Education & Training
    •   Developed by the Advanced Technology Environmental Education Center (ATEEC) and partners
    • Build the capacity of energy and environmental technicians
    • Professional development training for 50 upper level high school and community college technology instructors.
    • http://www.ateec.org/profdev/seet/index.htm
  • Central Carolina Community College
    • First Biofuel Class Offered at CCCC in 2002
    • Over $700,000 in funding for biofuel program since 2004
    • Extensive ASTM Biofuel Testing Lab
    • New Sustainable Technologies Building in 2009
      • $3.8 million; 18,000 sq. ft. classroom and laboratory building for Biofuels, Sustainable Agriculture, Green Building, & Culinary Arts.
      • LEED Certified Silver: green roof, on-site wastewater treatment, & photovoltaics.
      • Will house a state of the art fuel production lab that will include seed crushing, biodiesel production, and ethanol production.
    • For more information go to www.cccc.edu/biofuels
    • Alternative Energy Technologies: Biofuels begins Fall 2008!
  • Wake Tech Community College
    •   National Alternative Fuels Training Consortium Partner
    • Heavy Duty Diesel Equipment Program
    • Two day and one day biodiesel courses in Continuing Education
  • Merrimack High School
    • Students and teachers from NH high school
    • Partnership with University of New Hampshire
    • 2008 National Biodiesel Conference
    • Using biodiesel in a the school’s International bus for field trips
  • West Philadelphia High School
    • After-school project for automotive students
    • 2006 star at the Philadelphia Auto Show
    • Top 10 Early Contenders for the Automotive X Prize
    • Combined Azure Dynamics electric drive system with a Corolla chassis, 2 cylinder diesel
    • built & raced alternative fuel vehicles, including electric, hybrid and bio-diesel, for the last nine years
  • Curriculum Crossover
    • Engine Fundamentals
    • Fuel Systems
    • Engine Performance
    • Exhaust Emissions
    • Public speaking & customer service
    • Alternate Fuels
    • Sources: A Comprehensive Analysis of Biodiesel Impacts on Exhaust Emissions, EPA, 2002
    • a An Overview of Biodiesel and Petroleum Diesel Life Cycles, DOE/USDA, 1998
      • b Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2006
    16% 17% 12% 19% 22% +2% 8.2% b 16% a -2% Bridging the Biodiesel Gap 5/29/2008
  • Lesson Possibility - Vehicle comparison (energy efficiency, economics, etc.)
  • Comparison of Biodiesel and Hydrogen as Fuels of the Future 268 gallons 20 gallons Tank capacity required for 1,000 mile range in conventional sedan Currently 50-100 times as expensive as existing engines. Comparable to existing vehicles Cost of engines 30-70 years optimistic assumption 5-15 years Time scale for wide scale use Highly flammable, high pressure storage tanks pose a large risk due to store mechanical energy, as well as flammability/explosiveness Flash point over 300  F (considered “not flammable”) Safety To produce enough clean hydrogen for our transportation needs would cost $2.5 trillion (wind power) or $25 trillion (solar) For an estimated $169 1 billion, enough algae farms could be built to completely replace petroleum transportation fuels with biodiesel Large scale fuel development cost analysis 0.66 units (steam reforming of natural gas) 3.2 units (soy) 4.3 units (rapeseed) Fossil Energy Balance [higher is better] No system currently exists, would take decades to develop. Would cost $176 billion to put one hydrogen pump at each of the filling stations in the US. Can be distributed with existing filling stations with no changes. Fuel Distribution System Electrolyzing water (most likely using fossil fuel energy) or reforming fossil fuels. Most likely non-renewable methods with large net CO2 emissions Can be used in existing diesel engines, which have already been in use for 100 years Technological Readiness Hydrogen Biodiesel
  • Biodiesel in the Shop
    • Fuel Injection Systems
    • Fuel Filter Maintenance
    • Small Scale Biodiesel Production
    • Understanding Fuel Quality
    • Educational Tours
  • Hands-on Labs
    • Fuel Injection Systems
    • Fuel Filter Maintenance
    • Small Scale Biodiesel Production
    • Understanding Fuel Quality
    • Educational Tours
  • Mobile Biodiesel Education Department of Energy Grant for $52,000 for 6 six workshops across North Carolina
  • Mobile Biodiesel Workshops
    • State Energy Office
    • Oilseed crushing & refining
    • Small Scale Biodiesel Production
    • Fuel Filtration and Polishing
    • 10kw onan diesel genset
  • Trailer Upgrades in 2008
  • Useful Tools
    • Injector Pressure Tester
    • Hand Vacuum Pump
    • Fuel Filter Pressure Gauge
    • Biodiesel Mini Lab
    • Fuel Quality test kits
    • Educational Tours
    • Department of Energy (DOE)
    • B100 & Blends
    • Material Compatibility
    • Engine Performance
    • Diesel and Biodiesel Emissions
    Handling & Usage
  • Understanding Diesel Fuel
    • Similar to Changes in Gasoline
    • Technical review panel
    • Ultra-Low sulfur Diesel
    • Biodiesel Blends
  • Fleet Management Experiences
    • Cold weather can cloud and even gel any diesel fuel, including biodiesel.
    • Users of a B20 with #2 diesel will usually experience an increase of the cold flow properties (cold filter plugging point, cloud point, pour point) approximately 2 to 10° Fahrenheit.
    • Similar precautions employed for petroleum
    • diesel are needed for fueling with 20 percent blends.
      • blending with #1 diesel (kerosene)
      • using fuel heaters and parking indoors
      • and using a cold-flow improvement additive
  • Biodiesel Education Resources
    • http://biofuels.coop/
    • www.biodiesel.org
    • http://www.bq-9000.org
    • www.nearbio.com - Where Can I buy it?
    • www.me.iastate.edu/biodiesel
    • http://www.uidaho.edu/bioenergy/index.html
    • 1- 866-BIODIESEL Hotline is staffed 24/7
    • www.nrel.gov
        • NREL Handling & Use Guidelines
    • http://www.biodieselmagazine.com
    • www.bbibiofuels.com
      • Biodiesel Magazine
      • Biofuel Magazine
  • NBB Resources
    • www.biodiesel.org
      • Curriculum
      • Technical Library
      • Biodiesel Bulletin
      • Educational Videos Available
      • Informational Resources
      • Technical Resources
      • On-line Database & Spec Sheets
    • www.BQ-9000.org
      • Biodiesel Quality Certification Program for Accredited Producers and Certified Marketers