Consent
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Consent

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    Consent Consent Presentation Transcript

    • CONSENT Datuk Dr. Ahmad Tajudin Jaafar
    • Consent to Treatment
      • Legally a valid consent be obtained before doctor/AHP can start treatment for a patient.
      • Conflict between medical paternalism and patient autonomy.
    • Types of Consent
      • Consent either express or implied.
      • To obtain a legally valid consent, these following elements must be satisfied:
    • Types of Consent
      • Consent must be real
      • - sufficient information given to patient about treatment.
    • Types of Consent
      • Capacity to consent
        • not a problem by adult with sound mind.
        • problem with incompetent person.
        • incompetent include temporary unconscious, permanent unconscious through disease or injury.
    • Types of Consent
      • Incompetent adult patient
        • No one can consent to medical treatment on behalf of an incompetent adult.
        • Patient above 18 years old age can give consent. :: except, if patients detained under Mental Health Act 1983: The act allow treatment such persons without their consent.
      • Children
        • Children under the age of majority need consent of their parents.
    • Types of Consent
      • Consent must be voluntary
        • Must be given through patients own freewill, with no duress or undue influence.
        • Valid consent requires the absence of any coercion by the doctor or the medical staff.
    • Doctrine of Informed Consent (DIC)
      • Embodies the general principle that a person has the right to determine whether or not to undergo any medical procedure
    • Doctrine of Informed Consent (DIC)
      • Sufficient information for patient to understand nature of proposed treatment, implication and risk and consequences of undergoing treatment.
    • Rationale of DIC
      • Behind DIC is to promote individual autonomy.
      • The decision to undergo treatment is the patient.
      • Patients be given sufficient information to make good decision; self determination.