Protestant reformation
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Protestant reformation Presentation Transcript

  • 1. The Protestant Reformation
  • 2. Causes of the Reformation
    • 100 Years War and Black Death
    • Scientific Advances which contradicted the Church
    • The Corruption within the Catholic Church
  • 3. What was the Protestant Reformation?
    • Prior to the Reformation all Christians were Roman Catholic
    • The [REFORM]ation was an attempt to REFORM the Catholic Church
    • People like Martin Luther wanted to get rid of the corruption and restore the people’s faith in the church
  • 4. What was the Protestant Reformation?
    • In the end the reformers, like Luther, established their own religions
    • The Reformation caused a split in Christianity with the formation of these new Protestant religions
  • 5. What was the Protestant Reformation? CHRISTIANITY CATHOLIC PROTESTANT
  • 6. The Reformers
    • Martin Luther
    • John Calvin
    • Henry VIII
  • 7. Martin Luther
    • Lived from 1483-1546 in Germany
    • Father encouraged him to study law
    • A sudden religious experience inspired him to become a monk
  • 8. Martin Luther
    • He became troubled over the possibility of not going to heaven
    • He turned to the Bible, and confession for comfort
    • In the Bible he found the answer he was looking for
  • 9. ROMANS 1:17 “ The righteous shall by his faith.” Luther realized that only faith (in the ultimate goodness of Jesus), not good deeds, could save a person. No good works, rituals, etc. would save a person if they did not believe.
  • 10. Luther's 95 Theses
    • A list of things he thought were wrong with the Catholic Church (95 Complaints)
    • He criticized:
      • The Power of the Pope
      • The Extreme Wealth of the Church
      • Indulgences (Catholic concept of Salvation)
  • 11. Luther's 95 Theses
    • Gutenberg’s Printing Press made it possible for Luther to spread his beliefs
    • Posted his 95 Theses on Church doors in Germany
    • Gained support from people and criticism from Church
  • 12.
    • The first thing printed on Gutenberg’s press was the Bible.
    • This is a picture of a page from one of Gutenberg’s Bibles.
  • 13. Acceptance of Reforms
    • Some Local German Churches accepted Luther’s ideas
    • Supported by German Princes who issued a formal “protest” against the Church for suppressing the reforms
    • The reformers came to be known as [PROTEST]ants - Protestants
  • 14. CALVINISM
    • Started in Switzerland – Calvinists
    • England = Puritans
    • Scotland = Presbyterians
    • Holland = Dutch Reform
    • France = Huguenots
    • Germany = Reform Church
  • 15. Christianity Catholic Protestant Lutheran Calvinism Puritan Hugeunots Presbyterian
  • 16. John Calvin - Calvinism
    • French lawyer - moved to religious community in Geneva, Switzerland
    • “ Faith Alone” saves you
    • The Bible holds the truth
    • Religious Education
    • PREDESTINATION - God has already decided who is saved/condemned.
  • 17. Calvinism
    • Spreads to France, Germany, Netherlands, Scandinavia, Scotland
    • Dutch Reformed,
    • Scottish Presbyterians, American Baptists, Puritans, from this branch.
  • 18. Henry VIII of England
    • Wished to divorce Catherine of Aragon and marry Anne Boleyn
    • Pope refused to grant it
    • Henry declares himself head of the Church of England in the “Act of Supremacy” 1534
    • In America we call this the Anglican Church
  • 19. Act of Supremacy- 1534
    • The King is head of the church in England, not the Pope!!
  • 20. The COUNTER-Reformation Or, The Catholic Church Strikes Back!!
  • 21. 1545 Council of Trent
    • Met over 17 years
    • Determined what was heresy (against church teachings)
    • Reaffirmed what was Church teachings
    • Launched the Inquisition, and the Jesuits
  • 22. Remember: The Spanish Inquisition
  • 23. IN SHORT, THE REFORMATION ENDED CHURCH UNITY IN WESTERN EUROPE
  • 24.