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Protestant reformation
 

Protestant reformation

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    Protestant reformation Protestant reformation Presentation Transcript

    • The Protestant Reformation
    • Causes of the Reformation
      • 100 Years War and Black Death
      • Scientific Advances which contradicted the Church
      • The Corruption within the Catholic Church
    • What was the Protestant Reformation?
      • Prior to the Reformation all Christians were Roman Catholic
      • The [REFORM]ation was an attempt to REFORM the Catholic Church
      • People like Martin Luther wanted to get rid of the corruption and restore the people’s faith in the church
    • What was the Protestant Reformation?
      • In the end the reformers, like Luther, established their own religions
      • The Reformation caused a split in Christianity with the formation of these new Protestant religions
    • What was the Protestant Reformation? CHRISTIANITY CATHOLIC PROTESTANT
    • The Reformers
      • Martin Luther
      • John Calvin
      • Henry VIII
    • Martin Luther
      • Lived from 1483-1546 in Germany
      • Father encouraged him to study law
      • A sudden religious experience inspired him to become a monk
    • Martin Luther
      • He became troubled over the possibility of not going to heaven
      • He turned to the Bible, and confession for comfort
      • In the Bible he found the answer he was looking for
    • ROMANS 1:17 “ The righteous shall by his faith.” Luther realized that only faith (in the ultimate goodness of Jesus), not good deeds, could save a person. No good works, rituals, etc. would save a person if they did not believe.
    • Luther's 95 Theses
      • A list of things he thought were wrong with the Catholic Church (95 Complaints)
      • He criticized:
        • The Power of the Pope
        • The Extreme Wealth of the Church
        • Indulgences (Catholic concept of Salvation)
    • Luther's 95 Theses
      • Gutenberg’s Printing Press made it possible for Luther to spread his beliefs
      • Posted his 95 Theses on Church doors in Germany
      • Gained support from people and criticism from Church
      • The first thing printed on Gutenberg’s press was the Bible.
      • This is a picture of a page from one of Gutenberg’s Bibles.
    • Acceptance of Reforms
      • Some Local German Churches accepted Luther’s ideas
      • Supported by German Princes who issued a formal “protest” against the Church for suppressing the reforms
      • The reformers came to be known as [PROTEST]ants - Protestants
    • CALVINISM
      • Started in Switzerland – Calvinists
      • England = Puritans
      • Scotland = Presbyterians
      • Holland = Dutch Reform
      • France = Huguenots
      • Germany = Reform Church
    • Christianity Catholic Protestant Lutheran Calvinism Puritan Hugeunots Presbyterian
    • John Calvin - Calvinism
      • French lawyer - moved to religious community in Geneva, Switzerland
      • “ Faith Alone” saves you
      • The Bible holds the truth
      • Religious Education
      • PREDESTINATION - God has already decided who is saved/condemned.
    • Calvinism
      • Spreads to France, Germany, Netherlands, Scandinavia, Scotland
      • Dutch Reformed,
      • Scottish Presbyterians, American Baptists, Puritans, from this branch.
    • Henry VIII of England
      • Wished to divorce Catherine of Aragon and marry Anne Boleyn
      • Pope refused to grant it
      • Henry declares himself head of the Church of England in the “Act of Supremacy” 1534
      • In America we call this the Anglican Church
    • Act of Supremacy- 1534
      • The King is head of the church in England, not the Pope!!
    • The COUNTER-Reformation Or, The Catholic Church Strikes Back!!
    • 1545 Council of Trent
      • Met over 17 years
      • Determined what was heresy (against church teachings)
      • Reaffirmed what was Church teachings
      • Launched the Inquisition, and the Jesuits
    • Remember: The Spanish Inquisition
    • IN SHORT, THE REFORMATION ENDED CHURCH UNITY IN WESTERN EUROPE
    •