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update Presentation Week 12

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  • 1. Presentation Week 12 update A overview of data gathered and processed for the first draft. The remaining days of our stay will primarely be spent in (specific) data gathering through observations, meetings, surveys & workshops.
  • 2. Discussion Exposure How (international) aid in the form of post-natural Congress, 3D presentation of internet Blogs disaster responses can help revitazilating urban spatiali- aty Workshop in Sichuan, China How ‘grass-root’ cultural influences can determine their Publications position is spatial planning www.urbanemergencies.org www.elsalvador-urbanemergencies.blogspot.com
  • 3. Case Study methodology Contemporary Urban Analysis & Incentive Map
  • 4. Case Study methodology Contemporary Urban Analysis Incentive Map
  • 5. Contemporary Analysis Mejicanos Case study
  • 6. Contemporary Analysis Mejicanos Case study
  • 7. Contemporary Analysis Mejicanos Case study
  • 8. Contemporary Analysis Mejicanos Case study
  • 9. Basis necessities Waste disposal Water/sanitation quality Accessibility Water Solid waste Water Food Health Gas Water (grey/black) Sanitation Medication Electricity System Education Sanitation Food Medication Electricity (Every house has electricity) (Implemented by Nat. gov./Municipality) Ceptic toilet of the community house water Sanitation Every house has ceptic toilet Water network No waste disposal system iniated by Municipal in collaboration with NGO (Every house has clean water) Contemporary Analysis Mejicanos Case study
  • 10. Basis necessities Waste disposal Water/sanitation quality Accessibility Water Solid waste Water Food Health Gas Water (grey/black) Sanitation Medication Electricity System Education Sanitation Food Medication Waste disposal Garbage is hung or raised from the ground in order to keep dogs away. In Cuscatancingo waste is thrown Grey water filter system off the hill and burned. If it’s to Ceptic toilet of the community house much they call the Municipality to pick it up. Pick up twice a week. Inefficient storage on the streets. For Filter system: a well (10m) with gravel on the bottom example the dogs eat garbage. graduately filters grey water, and the water is absorbed by the soil. Sanitation Every house has ceptic toilet No waste disposal system Contemporary Analysis Mejicanos Case study
  • 11. Basis necessities Waste disposal Water/sanitation quality Accessibility Water Solid waste Water Food Health Gas Water (grey/black) Sanitation Medication Electricity System Education Sanitation Food Medication Sanitation Toilet/ceptic tank are removed from the house. Not all people have a ceptic tanks or toilet. Contemporary Analysis Mejicanos Case study
  • 12. Basis necessities Waste disposal Water/sanitation quality Accessibility Water Solid waste Water Food Health Gas Water (grey/black) Sanitation Medication Electricity System Education Sanitation Food Medication Food Small local shops exist in order to distrubute products as bread, eggs, milk and gas within the community. The owners do not make enough moeny to live on. They get their inventory from the market in Mejicanos or supliers Facilities bakeries deliver. Education Habitants mostly trafel to La Tiendona, Downtown Education is available untill middleschool in Montreal. (The children have to travel a long time). 2 schools: Iberia & private school in Guadelupe Medication There are no clinics in Montreal or Cuscatancingo so the people trafel to the nearest medical clinic nearby the Alcaldia of Mejicanos. Contemporary Analysis Mejicanos Case study
  • 13. Selfprotection Rights Landownership Gates Human rights Tendency Control Dogs - Open space Gang activity - Negotiation Gates and barb wire to protect private property Gang activity - Montreal well known for insecurity caused by gangs Contemporary Analysis Mejicanos Case study
  • 14. Selfprotection Rights Landownership Gates Human rights Tendency Control Dogs - Open space Gang activity - Negotiation National government: - rules & regulations - (integrated plan) Private stakeholders: - unfinished construction in Finca Argentina sector 2 - Bank owns land, no construction finished/in progress Habitants: - construction of own house - capacity building: high participation during winter (reactonairry) low participation during summer (prevention) Municipality: - prohibited to construct on private property - Interventions in public space: protection walls and infrastructure improvement community houses and alarm systems in collaboration with NGO NGO: - capacity building/awareness (Procomes) - community houses in collaboration with Municipality Contemporary Analysis Mejicanos Case study
  • 15. Criminality Infrastructure Home security Gender Disaster risks Facts & figures Staircases/(hellingen) Gates Elderly Alarm system Safety Gang territory Guarding dogs Females Process of evacuation Children Vulnerability Staircases Roads Staircase build (by community leader) Staircase entrance to house with an Staircase entrance to house constructed -in combination with two others high risk level. with tires. High diffulculty, especially for supervised by constructor over a period elderly people. Most roads/passages only accessibile for pedestrians. of three years. High risk near cliffs. Contemporary Analysis Mejicanos Case study
  • 16. Criminality Infrastructure Home security Gender Disaster risks Facts & figures Staircases/(hellingen) Gates Elderly Alarm system Safety Gang territory Guarding dogs Females Process of evacuation Children Vulnerability Community house: During disaster this house is used to shelter Process of evacuation up to 15 families. Season related Vulnerability most high during winter/rainy season NGO & Municipality raise awareness and build capacity all year Repetetiveness long. Participation by habitants is very low during the summer & season and very high during winter, more reactionairy than Vulnerability prevention focus. Contemporary Analysis Mejicanos Case study
  • 17. Criminality Infrastructure Home security Gender Disaster risks Facts & figures Staircases/(hellingen) Gates Elderly Alarm system Safety Gang territory Guarding dogs Females Process of evacuation Children Vulnerability High vulnerability Aside from earthquakes, floods and landslides > heavy rain, trees falling and strong winds could severely damage the Municipality mainly focus on public space/infrastructure due to houses. regulations. (In collaboration) Procomes built ‘retention’ walls to slow down the landslides, in order to have more time for the evacuation process. Contemporary Analysis Mejicanos Case study
  • 18. Criminality Infrastructure Home security Gender Disaster risks Facts & figures Staircases/(hellingen) Gates Elderly Alarm system Safety Gang territory Guarding dogs Females Process of evacuation Children Vulnerability High vulnerability Planned protection walls. Staircase and pipe system currently in progress. Municipality mainly focus on public space/infrastructure due to regulations. (In collaboration) Procomes built ‘retention’ walls to slow down the landslides, in order to have more time for the evacuation process. Contemporary Analysis Mejicanos Case study
  • 19. Introduction Contemporary Analysis Mejicanos Case study
  • 20. Introduction 1. Bo. Buenas Aires 2. Bo. San Juan 3. Bo. San Simon 4. Bo. Iberia 1. 2. 4. 3. Contemporary Analysis Mejicanos Case study
  • 21. Local connected Regional connected Public transport Connectivity roads services Contemporary Analysis Mejicanos Case study
  • 22. Local connected Regional connected Public transport Connectivity roads services Contemporary Analysis Mejicanos Case study
  • 23. Local connected Regional connected Public transport Connectivity roads services Contemporary Analysis Mejicanos Case study
  • 24. Local connected Regional connected Public transport Connectivity roads services Contemporary Analysis Mejicanos Case study
  • 25. Local connected Regional connected Public transport Connectivity roads services the acces road of Sector Montreal Contemporary Analysis Mejicanos Case study
  • 26. Locally connected Regional connected integretion Public transport Connectivity roads services -The analysis on integration is based on the connec- tions that streets have. People intend to measure distances and the number of times they have to turn to get to their destination. This graph shows the most integrated (vital) streets according to this phenomenon. -The angular analysis is based on the angles streets make with one another. People intend to choose less sharp angles while walking their routes. The graph shows the streets that are most vital accord- ing to this phenomenon. Integretion R5 Angular analysis Contemporary Analysis Mejicanos Case study
  • 27. social centralities Open, public spaces street profiles Social Relations The intervisibility analysis shows the area’s where visibility and social control are the highest. Social centralities most likely derive at the more yellow area’s. Contemporary Analysis Mejicanos Case study
  • 28. Mejicanos (plan overview week 14 to 16) Objectives Actions Needs Map the contemporary conditions: discipline liveability: 1. Interview with Victor. To create a figure of the urban Vitality of sector Mon- - Put up and distribute survey for inhabitants. treal we will investigate and map the three different - observation trips (help of GIS and Photographs) to dif- disciplines: the liveability, the urban conditions and 2. Observation trips to different communities, in ferent communities in order to create analysis. the sustainability. The liveability, in three or four most order to create analysis (possibility to team up in to - Interview with community workers (Victor and Hector). vulnerable communities, the urban conditions and groups, so two community workers needed). the sustainability on the scale of the whole section of discipline Urban conditions: Montreal 3. Create a survey and distribute among different - create analysis maps on the scale of Sector Montreal communities. increasing in detail on the scale of communities (services, economy, networks, connectivity, infrastructure, etc.) 4. Interview with department of Protection civll. - interview with officials about former development and future plans (Ricardo Barrera, Victor). 5. Visit projects and interview the NGO’s that imple- discipline Sustainability: mented disaster responses (Procomes, Oxfam, - Interview with officials (protecion civil, desarollo urbano, Fundasal). comunidad, schools). - 6. Interview with Ricardo Barrera on the future plans. Determine the most vulnarable, disaster prone communities: 7. Interview in schools and communities on educa- - interview with Victor. - In which communities did disasters occur in the last tion programme. - interview with ‘geistion de Riesgos’. ten years? - In which communities disasters are most likely to occur? Tracing back incentives in the post- disaster proces: - Where/which/ by who: were post disaster responses - interview with Victor. implemented? - Interview with involved NGO’s. - What were the objectives of the post disaster - Visit to different projects. - Put up and distribute survey among communities. responses.
  • 29. Santa Tecla (plan overview week 14 to 16) Objectives Actions Needs Tracing back incentives in the post- disaster proces: - exploration into the incentives that caused an effect - Visit provisional shelter settlements. 1. Appointment to visit Poly Deportivo, and inter- on the liveability of the affected people, the urban - Interview affected people in transitional view with affected people to create an understand- shelters. conditions of Santa Tecla or the sustainability. ing of the people flow(possibility to split up into - Interview affected people in Las Collinas. two groups: one to observe and track, the other to - Interview with officials that worked in interview inhabitants). Cafetalon. - Interview NGO’s that worked in the post-disaster pro- 2. Interview with official that worked in Cafetalon cess. (Humberto de Paz), to create a list of facts about Tracing back the flow of people: people, organizations and responses in order to -where did the affected people in the emeregency - Visit settlement ‘poly deportivo’. map the process in more detail (Municipality, NGO camp came from (inside or outside of the city)? - Visit settlement ‘Pequena Inglaterra’ archive?). -where did the affected people left after ‘cafetalon’ - Interview affected people in transitional closed (did they went back to their old place or have shelters. they been replaced)? 3. Interview with ConFena and current or old inhab- - Interview affected people in Las Collinas. - Interview with officials that worked in itants of Las Collinas. Cafetalon. Current plans: 4. Interview with NGO’s that helped in the -what are the plans for the future of Las Collinas (dif- - Interview local government response on the 2001 earthquake and landslide ferent stakeholders)? - Interview affected people in transitional (Care, Plan). -what are the plans for the future of the three provi- shelters. sional settlements (different stakeholder)? - Interview affected people in Las Collinas. 5. Interview with National Government in order to - Interview national Government. get an insight of the plans on Las Collinas. - Interview civil organization ConFena. Contemporary conditions: 6. Maps: munipality, GIS, OPAMSS etc. mapping the Urban Vitality on the scale of liveability, - Visit provisional settlements. urban conditions and sustain-ability in transitional - Interview affected people in transitional settlements settlements. - create analysis maps, space syntax, observations, etc. Evolutionairy map Creating a graph of gathered data, in the disciplines - all the actions above will contribute to the evolutionairy that has there influences in the spatiality of Santa map. Tecla, focussing on the timeframe of the last 10 years.
  • 30. Downtown (CHSS) (plan overview week 14 to 16) Objectives Actions Needs Cultural-historic analysis: Data gathering: 1. Facts & figures about Downtown (AMSS), main In relation to all case studies we investigate certain - Gather, read and analyze documentation regarding the focius on the period concerning the migration of repetitive phenomona, for example: individualism, history of Downtown in multiple aspects political inefficiency in collarboration and landowner- the wealthy around th 30’s, the migration in the 70’s, ship. Downtown contains key information about the the civil war 1980-1992, the earthquake of ‘86 and Evolutionairy Map: history of detail. We aim to go in detail in certain time the last decade 2000-2009. - Apply information to the Evolutionairy Map. Analyze periods: 1986 earthquake and 1980-1992 the influ- the key relations and continu research with results for a ence of civil war. 2. Documentation: (scientific/historic) books, specific area of Downtown (AMSS). publications, essays etc. on the topic of Downtown (AMSS). Presentation: - Illustrate research in a presentation/animation for more efficient communication through internet 3. Interview with landowners, politicians (national and local), architects and engineers, theorists and economists for different visions and expertise. Occupation by population El Salvador: 4. Maps for analyzing, current but also historic and We aim to investigate the daily flow of people in and Interview with: future plans. If possibile maps appliable for software out Downtown - inhabitants/local formal/informal workers programs: GIS and Space Syntax. Investigating the occupation of street > buildings - landowners Incoming migration and outgoing migration, includ- - officials/politicians ing the informal settlements Map transport system: e.g. autobusses Economic flow: We aim to investigate the quantity of market stalls and - map typology of marketstalls other economic activity. - map product flow (Downtown + Latiendonna): investi- The typologies of street profiles. gate prices compara to other market For now we focus on the scale of liveability, the impor- - map the crowdedness of public space like streets, tance of the economic flow for an individual/family. squares and parks

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