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201104.wv.uvacollegepeacebuilding

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Transcript

  • 1. UvA workshop May 4, 2011 Children and young people in conflict and peacebuilding Juliana Aguilar Wout Visser
  • 2. Session outline
    • Conflict and peace building and the role of children and young people
    • Practical examples from Colombia and Lebanon
    • Group assignments and discussions
  • 3. 1. Conflict and peace building
    • “ Chairs” game
    • In 4 groups; follow the instructions
    • Plenary feedback
      • Type of conflict
      • Source of conflict
    • I DEAL
  • 4. Line debate Statement Adults are better able to contribute to peace than children and young people.
  • 5. How do we understand peace building? War Child works towards ‘positive peace’, aiming to transform social relationships, structures and culture in a direction conducive to a reduction of root causes of social conflicts, and enhancing capacities to manage emerging conflicts non-violently and constructively.
  • 6. Where do we work?
  • 7. Impact on children and young people: the Machel study Review
    • 33 countries / territories
    • 1 billion children < 18 affected
    • 300 million < 5
    • 6 million refugee children
    • 9 million internally displaced children
    • Machel Review Study video
  • 8. Machel Review (cont.)
    • All peacemaking and peacebuilding processes should be child-sensitive, including through
    • specific provisions in peace agreements,
    • the participation of children in those processes and
    • the prioritization of resources
  • 9. Actors for Peace
    • Insider
    Outsider Connector Divider WAR CHILD Y o u n g P e o p l e
  • 10. Adult’s War and Young Generation’s Peace
    • International research and evaluation, covering 4 countries
    • Children
    • Have a holistic understanding of peace
    • Identify all factors involved in conflict
    • Are able to connect individual and collective aspects
    • Identify key stakeholders
    • Know their own situation best
  • 11. Young People actively involved in Violent Conflict
    • Demography
      • “ They fight because there are too many of them”
    • Coercion
      • “ They fight because they are forced to”
    • Youth crisis
      • “ They fight because they are alienated and disenfranchised”
  • 12. Engaging Young people
    • Active agents during armed struggle
    • Primary producers of violence in the post-violent conflict period
    • Victims of post conflict violence
    • Crucial actors in grassroots community development and peacebuilding
    • Holders of the right to participation
  • 13. Quote
    • “ Whoever wins the war, children are always the losers and their lost childhood never comes back.”
  • 14. 2. Practical examples
    • Colombia
    • Lebanon
    • Questions
  • 15. Colombia
    • Presentation Slideshare
  • 16. Lebanon
  • 17. Lebanon video clips
    • Children and war – SDC DVD
    • Evaluation – Youtube 5’35’’
  • 18. Questions
  • 19. 3. Assignment
    • Problem analysis
      • Colombia
      • Lebanon
    • 4 groups, 2 groups per country
    • Answer to questions:
      • What are the main issues for children and young people?
      • How would you respond to these issues?
    • Presentation and discussion