Machines en procedures in de literatuur

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Machines en procedures in de literatuur

  1. 1. machines & procedures in de literatuur Wouter Beek me@wouterbeek.com 2012/04/25
  2. 2. RECURSIVITEIT
  3. 3. recursief acronymSPARKS := Smart Programmers Are Required toKnow SPARKSEINE := EINE Is Not EmacsZWEI := ZWEI Was EINE Initially
  4. 4. GNU := GNU’s Not Unix (Richard Stallman)GOD := GOD Over DjinnJOE := Joes Own EditorKDE := KDE Desktop EnvironmentLAME := LAME Ain’t an MP3 Encoder (Mike Cheng)PHP := PHP Hypertext ProcessorPINE := PINE Is Nearly ElmPNG := PNGs Not GIFRPM := RPM Package ManagerSPARQL := SPARQL Protocol And RDF Query LanguageTIP := TIP Isnt PicoUIRA := UIRA Isnt a Recursive AcronymVISA := VISA International Service AssociationWine := Wine Is Not an EmulatorXNA := XNA is Not an AcronymYAML := Yet Another Markup LanguageYAML := YAML Aint Markup LanguageYAProlog := Yet Another Prologrolog
  5. 5. ATM machine := Automated Teller Machine machineLCD display := Liquid Crystal Display displayPIN number := Personal Identification Numbernumberlaser light := light amplification by stimulatedemission of radiation lightCSS sheet := Cascading Style Sheets sheetRAS syndrome := Redundant Acronym SyndromesyndromePNS syndrome := PIN Number Syndrome syndrome:= Personal Identification Number NumberSyndrome syndromeRAP phrases := Redundant Acronym Phrase phrases
  6. 6. mutual recursion female and male sequences [Hofstadter] f(0, 1) f(x) = x – m(f(x – 1)) m(0,0) m(x) = x – f(m(x – 1))F: 1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 3, 4, 5, 5, 6, 6, 7, 8, 8, 9, 9, 10, 11, 11, 12, 13, ...M: 0, 0, 1, 2, 2, 3, 4, 4, 5, 6, 6, 7, 7, 8, 9, 9, 10, 11, 11, 12, 12, ...
  7. 7. mutually recursive acronyms HURD := HIRD of Unix-Replacing DaemonsHIRD := HURD of Interfaces Representing Depth Brain := Brian Relates Any Independent Node Brian := Brain Implements A Network
  8. 8. LETTERS
  9. 9. alfabetzinAls behaarde chimpansees door een fantastisch gelukkig huwelijkidyllische jongen krijgen, laat ma na over pas quotum ruzieachtigestekeligheden te uiten, vermits wederzijdse x-chromosomen ijverigzijn.Alle Benficaspelers concludeerden dat elf Feijenoorders geenhouterige imbeciele Jan Klaassens leken maar nijvere, ongeëvenaarde,prettige, qualitatief rustige spelers, tegelijk uitstekende voetballerswier x-benen ijverig zwoegden.Alhoewel bij communisten de eerste furie geluwd heet, is jullie keuzelangs matige neutraliteit om, politiek quasi realistisch, stellig teutopistisch van werkwijze, xantippisch ijzerhard zelfs.
  10. 10. alfabetroman
  11. 11. lipogramEen vreemde heerscher betreedt BERTHES erfdeel. Geen der edelen wederspreekt des wreeden WERNERS recht, het recht des sterksten. De vreemde heerscher, ten zetel der Wenden verheven, geeft het bevel: “Breng BERTHE weg. Geen mensch helpe de wervende: geen mensch geve der vernederde eten, dek en legerstede.” LENNEP, den zevenden September.
  12. 12. I pop a pussy person for purposefully perpetratingPoint the pistol and pull it, this punk is impersonatingMy people pack P-89s for prime timeThey parolin my posse, Im pickin up pom-pomsPersonally I preach prophecyThese punks puttin out poems about pimping, pushing and propertyPlease, people aint prepared to be persuaded by politicalparaphrases they printing in the papersIm positioning my peers to pump-pumpPut the pound to the pig, just let em pump pumpI pause for you people to peep the letter PPoetically put in a paragraph so perfectlyNo I aint a P-I-M-P, but I do got a pistol in my pocket perpetrate andIll pop itPrince my pitbull, go ahead try and pet itSee if you dont leave this place with paramedics
  13. 13. LENGTE
  14. 14. korte gedichten"Hier ligt poot / Hij is dood" [De Schoolmeester] "Fleas / Adam / Hadem" [Strickland Gillilan] "Me / We" [Muhammed Ali] "Why?" [Charles Ghigna]
  15. 15. korte verhalenFor sale: baby shoes, never worn. [Ernest Hemmingway] Houston, we have a problem. [J. Matthew Zoss]
  16. 16. lange woorden antidisestablishmentarianism floccinaucinihilipilificationvervoerdersaansprakelijkheidsverzekeringovereenstemmingsbeoordelingsprocedure het langste woord past niet op een slide (PowerPoint loopt dan vast)
  17. 17. PERMUTATIES
  18. 18. XLI. Libes-kuß, 1671, Quirinus KuhlmannAuf Perl / breit / Zir / Dampf / klein / Wein / Mensch / Glükk / Schertz / Leid / Krig / schwarz / Lust und Plagen/Folgt Licht / Preiß / groß / Gunst / Schmertz / Haß / Seel / Müh / Wind / Hohn / Glimpf / Zil / Treu und Noth:Auf Schlaff / Kält / Nord / Dunst / Schlacht / Kreutz / Feind / Feld / Lust / recht / Gems / Hold / Streit / als Spott/Wil Nein / Schimpf / Sig / Kunst / Sorg / Teich / Nacht / Printz / Sonn / Sarg / Wärmd / Frosch / Schmertz / stetstagen.Der Mord / drei / Schütz / nah / Süd / Angst / Gutt / Ehr / Fleiß / Schmach / Geitz / Geld / tiff / und MagenLibt Leib / Trug / Port / Thron / Schein / Zank / Glutt / Tag / Feur / Streit / Freund / stark / Hitz / und Brod:Der Weiß / Hohn / Schaum / Lob / Qual / eins / Flutt / ja / Angst / Mond / weit / Frucht / Hitz / und GOtt/Suchts krum / Land / Furcht / Lob / Freud / Fleisch / Böß / Geist / Ach / klug / Baum / leicht / Weh / DanksagenWas Erd / Nutz / Gold / Fisch / Storch / Rach / Still / Flutt / lang / Witz / Spil / Frid / Frid genennt/Pflegt Wiß / schwach / Asch / Rath / Ruh / Dach / hoch / Mutt / Pein / Blitz / Glunst / Ruhm / Lohn / zumeiden/Auch Schertz / Zir / See / Schiff / Lamm / Ost / Trost / schwer / Rauch / Berg / Brand / Ochs / lib muß scheiden/Wo Flamm / Tükk / Schmach / West / Kuß / Glantz / Feur / Schnee / Lufft / Mund / Frost / Blutt / Stroh schon rennt
  19. 19. 1.000.000.000.000 gedichten
  20. 20. 100.000.000.000.000 gedichten1961, Raymond Queneau10 sonnetten (= 14 regels)Genereert meer poëzie dan er ooit daarvoor isgeschreven.>190.258.751 jaar leeswerkOulipo
  21. 21. antonymyTo be or not to be: that is the question. To not be and be: that is an answer.
  22. 22. BINAIRE POËZIE
  23. 23. 00000010101010000000000 00001000000000000000001 00000011000100001100000 0010000011011000000000000101000001010000000100 11111000000000000011111 00001100001100000010000 0000000000000000000000010001000100010010110010 00000000000000000000000 00010000001000000001000 0011100000100000000000010101010101010100100100 11000011000011100011000 00100000001100000000100 0011101010001010101010100000000000000000000000 10000000100000000010000 01000000001100000000100 0011100000000010101010000000000000011000000000 11010000110001110011010 01000000000100000001000 0000000000000010100000000000000001101000000000 11111011111011111011111 00100000001000000010000 0000000011111000000000000000000001101000000000 00000000000000000000000 00010000000000001100000 0000001111111110000000000000000010101000000000 00010000001100000000010 00001100000000110000000 0000111000000011100000000000000011111000000000 00000000001100000000000 00100011101011000000000 0001100000000000110000000000000000000000000000 00001000001100000000001 00100000001000000000000 0011010000000001011000011000011100011000011000 11111000001100000011111 00100000111110000000000 0110011000000011001100010000000000000110010000 00000000001100000000000 00100001011101001011011 0100010100000101000100011010001100011000011010 00100000000100000000100 00000010011100100111111 0100010010001001000100011111011111011111011111 00010000001100000001000 10111000011100000110111 0000010001010001000000000000000000000000000000 00001100001100000010000 00000000010100000111011 0000010000100001000000000010000000000000000010 00000011000100001100000 00100000010100000111111 0000010000000001000000000000000000000000000000 00000000001100110000000 00100000010100000110000 00000001001010000000000 01111001111101001111000
  24. 24. ALGORITMISCHE POËZIE
  25. 25. woord generatorTitin := C132983H211861N36149O40883S693HerrickTelicEllamy
  26. 26. ALGOLTableBegin: to make format,go down to commentwhile channel not false(if not true). End.
  27. 27. BEFOREHAND: close door, each window & exit; wait until time. open spellbook, study, read (scan, select, tell us);write it, print the hex while each watches, reverse its length, write again; kill spiders, pop them, chop, split, kill them. unlink arms, shift, wait & listen (listening, wait),sort the flock (then, warn the "goats" & kill the "sheep"); kill them, dump qualms, shift moralities, values aside, each one; die sheep! die to reverse the system you accept (reject, respect);next step, kill the next sacrifice, each sacrifice, wait, redo ritual until "all the spirits are pleased"; do it ("as they say").do it(*everyone***must***participate***in***forbidden**s*e*x*).return last victim; package body; exit crypt (time, times & "half a time") & close it, select (quickly) & warn your next victim;AFTERWORDS: tell nobody. wait, wait until time; wait until next year, next decade; sleep, sleep, die yourself, die at last
  28. 28. APPEAL:listen (please, please);open yourself, wide; join (you, me),connect (us,together),tell me.do something if distressed; @dawn, dance; @evening, sing; read (books,$poems,stories) until peaceful; study if able; write me if-you-please;sort your feelings, reset goals, seek (friends, family, anyone); do*not*die (like this) if sin abounds;keys (hidden), open (locks, doors), tell secrets;do not, I-beg-you, close them, yet. accept (yourself, changes), bind (grief, despair);require truth, goodness if-you-will, each moment;select (always), length(of-days)
  29. 29. London 1791 – William Blake I wander thro each charterd street,Near where the charterd Thames does flow, And mark in every fact I meet Marks of weakness, marks of woe. In every cry of every Man, In every Infants cry of fear, In every voice, in every ban, The mind-forgd manacles I hear. How the Chimney-sweepers cry Every blackning Church appalls; And the hapless Soldiers sigh Runs in blood down Palace walls. But most thro midnight streets I hear How the youthful Harlots curse Blasts the new born Infants tear,And blights with plagues the Marriage hearse.
  30. 30. London.pl# DATATYPES USED:local @SocialClass = qw( RentBoyYoungGirl-Syphalitic-Innoculator CrackKid WarBeatenKidForcedFeatalAbortion Chimney-SweepsUnCategorisedVictim
  31. 31. sub CryOfEveryMan { my $index = shift; # Because a child may belong to one or more SocialClass # traverse the list adding the prospects of that SocialClass foreach my $Class (@SocialClasses){ # Add the contents of this $Class to $DeadChildIndex->{$Index} # Class attribute if( $Class eq $DeadChildIndex->{$Index}->{Class}){ $DeadChildIndex->{$Index}->{Class} = %{$Class} ; }else{ warn "$DeadChildIndex->{$Index}->{Name} is not a member of = $Classn"; } } $DeadChildIndex->{$Index}->{Class} = %{UncategorisedVictim} if ! $DeadChildIndex->{$Index}->{Class}; # The average daily scream output of fear for the period 1792-2002 is 6. my $TotalDaysLived = ($DeadChildIndex->{$Index}->{Class}->{LifeExpectancy} * 365) # Calculate the gross $Lung Capacity For Screaming for this child my $LungCapacityForScreaming = &Get_VitalLungCapacity(%{$DeadChildIndex->{$Index}}) * $TotalDaysLived; # asign to $DeadChildIndex->{$Index}->{ScreamInFear} $DeadChildIndex->{$Index}->{ScreamInFear} = $LungCapacityForScreaming; }
  32. 32. FLARF
  33. 33. PROCEDURES
  34. 34. Schaeckbert Matthijs de Castelein, 1548, De const van rhetorikenBallade: ababbcbc ababbcbc ababbcbc cbbc Woorden groeperen op basis van eindrijm 38 balladen… of toch 4.096?
  35. 35. ANDERE KUNSTVORMEN
  36. 36. Het bestuderen van procedures in de kunsten -600, Pythagoras, harmonieleer -300, Aristoteles, logica & retorica -300, Aristoteles, poëtica -100, Marcus Vitruvius, architectuur 500, Xie He, schilderkunst 1455, Alberti, De pictura
  37. 37. Procedures opstellen voorkunstuitingen is historisch gezien gebruikelijk.
  38. 38. Niet het kunstwerk zelf, maar de ruimte van mogelijke kunstwerken staat centraal.
  39. 39. Procedurele lagen1. vocabulair2. syntax (grammatica)3. stijlkenmerken (genre)4. semantiek (betekenis)5. narratologie (plot)
  40. 40. (1) Vocabulaironline woordenboek
  41. 41. (2) Syntax Noam Chomsky Generatieve Grammatica“Colorless ideas sleep furiously”
  42. 42. (3) Stijlkenmerken Meta-regels op vocabulaire en syntaxBv. ballade: het laatste woord van de eerste zin moet rijmen op het laatste woord van de derde zin. ababbcbc
  43. 43. (4) Semantiek Richard Montague Parallel tussen natuurlijke taal en logica∀𝑥 𝑀𝑀𝑀 𝑥 ∨ 𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉𝑉 𝑥 →⊡ (𝑔𝑔𝑔𝑔𝑔𝑔𝑔𝑔 𝑥, 𝑡2 “Betert dee man en wijf” > 𝑔𝑔𝑔𝑔𝑔𝑔𝑔𝑔 𝑥, 𝑡1 )
  44. 44. (5) Narratologie Meta-regels op semantisch niveauDe derde zoon = de held van het verhaal. De stiefdochter = de verloren prinses.
  45. 45. Vertelstructuur• 1928, Vladimir Propp , morfologie van het toversprookje• 32 functies & 7 karakters genereren alle Russische toversprookjes (en oneindig veel meer)• 5de eeuw, Liu Xie, Wenxin diaolong, analyse van 32 schrijfstijlen.
  46. 46. Vertelstructuur• 1928, Vladimir Propp , morfologie van het toversprookje
  47. 47. Procedurele lagen1. vocabulair2. syntax (grammatica)3. stijlkenmerken (genre)4. semantiek (betekenis)5. narratologie (plot)
  48. 48. Alle procedurele lagen van deliteratuur kunnen in principe geautomatiseerd worden.
  49. 49. naamwoordelijk_gezegde(P,naamwoordelijk_gezegde(T1,T2,T3),IDs,EvMv,p3) --> lidwoord(P1,T1,IDs1,Bep,Zijdig,EvMv), bijvoeglijk_naamwoord(P2,T2,IDs2,Zijdig,Bep,EvMv), zelfstandig_naamwoord(P3,T3,IDs3,Zijdig,EvMv), {multiply_list([P1,P2,P3,0.2], P), append([IDs1,IDs2,IDs3],IDs)}.naamwoordelijk_gezegde(P,naamwoordelijk_gezegde(T1,T2),IDs,EvMv,Pers) --> bezittelijk_voornaamwoord(P1,T1,IDs1,EvMv,Pers), zelfstandig_naamwoord(P2,T2,IDs2,_Zijdig,EvMv), {multiply_list([P1,P2,0.15], P), append([IDs1,IDs2],IDs)}.
  50. 50. 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