Wales Assessment

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Wales Assessment

  1. 1. Oil In The Arctic
  2. 2. <ul><li>Oil rig in the arctic. </li></ul>The Arctic Circle
  3. 3. <ul><li>Oil is used for many different things, here is a list </li></ul><ul><li>Paint </li></ul><ul><li>Petrol </li></ul><ul><li>Make up </li></ul><ul><li>Cds, plastics </li></ul><ul><li>Shoes </li></ul><ul><li>Film rolls </li></ul><ul><li>Plasters </li></ul><ul><li>Clothes, gloves </li></ul>Uses Of Oil In Everyday Life
  4. 4. <ul><li>For oil rigs </li></ul><ul><li>Jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Fuels for trucks </li></ul><ul><li>Industry </li></ul><ul><li>Money for America </li></ul><ul><li>Against oil rigs </li></ul><ul><li>Killing animals </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape destroy </li></ul><ul><li>Hunters </li></ul><ul><li>Global warming </li></ul>The Problems Of Oil In The Arctic
  5. 5. <ul><li>The pipe line connects the oil fields of Prudhoe Bay to the south 800 miles long. </li></ul><ul><li>The pipe line was chosen because of the arctic ice in the winter months </li></ul><ul><li>Big oil companies were interested in the pipeline in Alaska, there was also private funding. </li></ul><ul><li>There were 20,000 workers all together helping with pipeline but only 6,000 workers actually made the pipe. </li></ul><ul><li>The workers had to work in extreme arctic conditions, the machinery and supplies were brought in to Alaska by aircraft which landed on ice and snow runways. </li></ul><ul><li>The pipes were made of steel, 40ft long and ½ inches thick, all the pipes were coated in paint to stop them from rusting. </li></ul><ul><li>In the winter the machinery and materials were transported by trucks which travelled on the ice and in the summer the materials were transported by hovercraft which could carry 200 lorries a day. </li></ul><ul><li>Many people didn’t want the pipe to be built because of the effects in the environment it could have such as the wild animals could be at risk and the pipe could leak and suffocate the animals in the seas. </li></ul>Trans Alaska Pipeline
  6. 6. <ul><li>Arguments For </li></ul><ul><li>Many Alaskans see oil for jobs and wealth. </li></ul><ul><li>The income from oil can be used in schools, hospitals and public buildings. </li></ul><ul><li>The Americans want the Alaskan oil which will provide America with oil and more money. </li></ul><ul><li>Arguments Against </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental groups do no want the pipe as it could leak and get into the seas and suffocate animals. </li></ul><ul><li>Native Americans groups would prefer to live in their traditional way rather than benefit form the oil. </li></ul><ul><li>Fears of oil spillages from the pipeline or a tanker. </li></ul>Arguments For and Against the Alaskan Pipeline
  7. 7. <ul><li>At the end of the Alaskan pipeline in the open seas from Valdez an oil tanker carrying 50 million tonnes of crude oil had a oil spill after the boat steered off course avoiding an iceberg but after investigation it was discovered that the captain was drunk. In April after bad weather conditions the oil had covered 2600 km and extended 900 km from the wreak of the oil tanker. The oil company Exxon Valdez had taken over all the cleaning operations which was taking place along the coastlines. The effect of the spillage on wildlife was enormous as the bodies of 35000 seabirds and 3000 sea-otters and bodies of seals were recovered as well, most of the fish was badly effected as the salmon were polluted and the deep sea fishing was ruined. </li></ul><ul><li>After the oil spillage, 85% of Alaska’s income, America has invested £20 billion of the income to help Alaska pay for schooling, hospitals and public places and many wildlife refuges and parks have been build to protect and help injured animals. </li></ul>The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill In 1989
  8. 8. <ul><li>Animals were effected badly from the oil spillage. </li></ul><ul><li>Land animals were poisoned by eating the seaweed and the bears diet was reduced. </li></ul><ul><li>The coastlines were covered in oil. </li></ul><ul><li>The local fishing industry was ruined as the salmon was polluted. </li></ul><ul><li>Water plants were poisonous and inedible such as seaweed. </li></ul><ul><li>Sea otters died because their fur coats were getting clogged by the oil. </li></ul><ul><li>Ducks and geese were covered in oil causing them to die and the wading birds couldn’t reach the food because of the oil on the beaches. </li></ul><ul><li>Seal were dying because they were being suffocated and would sink to the bed of the sea. </li></ul>Animals Effected By The Oil Spillage
  9. 9. <ul><li>There is a huge dependence of oil around the world. We use oil in every day life as you can see in slide 3 where the oil is used. Many people don’t realise how much oil they use a day. </li></ul><ul><li>In years to come the oil would have run out and there will be no fossil fuels left to use up but there a solution we can use the natural recourses such as wind, sunlight and solar. </li></ul><ul><li>There are many environmental effects of oil exploration as the oil could leak and kill or suffocate the animals at sea. </li></ul><ul><li>Oil is the least sustainable recourses because eventually it will run out because it is a fossil fuel. </li></ul>Oil

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