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Home composting - Ana

Home composting - Ana






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    Home composting - Ana Home composting - Ana Presentation Transcript

    • Composting 101 September 12, 2009
    • What is Composting?
      • A simple way to recycle your yard trimmings and protect the environment!
        • Grass
        • Leaves
        • Garden trimmings
      • Composting is a natural process in which yard waste materials decompose into a dark, nutrient-rich, sweet-smelling soil conditioner.
    • Benefits of Composting
      • Saves by reducing the need to use synthetic fertilizers.
      • Increases the productivity of lawns and gardens by improving soil fertility and health.
      • Saves water by helping soil retain moisture.
      • Reduces water runoff from rain and melting snow.
      • Benefits the environment by recycling valuable organic resources back into the soil.
    • The Compost Equation
      • Brown
      • Material
      + Green Material Air Water + = COMPOST +
    • Composting at Home
      • What works best for you?
        • Hot vs. Cool Composting
          • Hot: faster results, requires additional maintenance
          • Cool: slower results, less labor involved
        • Bin vs. No Bin
          • Bin: prevents heat loss, retains moisture, aesthetics
          • No Bin: easier to turn materials; less labor
    • Acceptable Materials to Compost
      • Carbon - brown materials such as:
        • dry leaves -cotton rags
        • woodchips -dryer lint
        • straw
        • sawdust
      • Nitrogen - green materials such as:
        • plant trimmings
        • grass -coffee grounds
        • flowers -fresh hay
        • pruning -tea bags
        • nut shells
    • How to Compost
      • Place some branches on the bottom (not necessary)
      • Add brown materials and green materials until the bin is full.
      • Water lightly.
      • Turn your compost pile every week or two. Move the dry materials from the edges of the pile into the middle of the pile.
      • Your compost will be “ready” in one to four months (this will vary). Before using the finished compost, let the compost sit for at least two weeks.
    • Tips to Remember
      • Get the right temperature
      • Keep the pile moist
      • Let the pile
    • Aerating the Pile
    • Troubleshooting Add brown materials such as dry leaves, dry straw or shredded paper.
      • The compost pile is emitting an odor – a well maintained pile seldom has a bad odor.
      Add green materials such as grass clippings and turn the pile to aerate.
      • Nothing is happening
      Add brown materials such as dry leaves, dry straw, shredded paper, or sawdust.
      • The compost pile is too wet – this stops any activity in your compost pile
      Add water and/or green materials such as grass clippings. You want the pile to feel moist to the touch similar to a wet sponge.
      • The compost pile is too dry – bacteria needs moisture to survive and reproduce
      Solution Problem
    • “ It’s Worth the Time!”
    • The Result
      • Healthy Plant Growth
        • Proper root growth
        • “ Good” bacteria growth
        • Maintains health of plants
        • Suppression of diseases
        • Slow release of nutrients into soil
      Control Soil With Compost Brinton, William F., Soil - Plant - Compost, Woods End Research Laboratory
    • Internet Resources for Composting Information
      • www.montgomerycountymd.gov/recycling
      • www.mde.state.md.us/Programs/LandPrograms/Recycling/Education/compostinfo.asp
      • www.epa.gov/epaoswer/non-hw/composting/index.htm
      • www.p2pays.org/compost/composting101.asp
      • www.compostingcouncil.org
      • www.css.cornell.edu/compost/Composting_Homepage.html
    • Any Questions
      • Montgomery County
      • Department of Environmental Protection
      • Division of Solid Waste Services
      • Waste Reduction and Recycling Section
      • 101 Monroe Street, 6 th Floor
      • Rockville, MD 20850
      • 240-777-6400 (Phone)
      • 240-777-6442 (TTY)
      • 240-777-6465 (Fax)
      • www.montgomerycountymd.gov/recycling
      • [email_address]