Sustainable tourism potential for maniema


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Sustainable tourism potential for maniema

  1. 1. Potential of Sustainable Tourism for Development Cooperation WGL Workshop, Prague, 24th January 2011 Case Study: Katako Kombe (Maniema Province)
  2. 2. Sustainable tourism <ul><li>necessity to optimise effects of tourism on the environment </li></ul><ul><li>support of responsible tourism as an instrument of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>environmental education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>building-up and promotion of relationships to nature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>keeping the traditional rural life style </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>sustainable use of natural resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>strengthening the cultural identity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>protection of the landscape character </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Great Britain Foto: G ilbert – Litt 1939 Simple negative definition of sustainable tourism
  4. 4. An d what about virgin nature? To penetrate?
  5. 5. Tourism in Ecologically Fragile A reas <ul><li>Minimise negative effects on local ecosystems, landscape character and local community life via stimulation of visitors flows and environmental marketing </li></ul><ul><li>System of monitoring and manageme n t of the tourism impacts on a valuable natural territory </li></ul><ul><li>Strategy and project for sustainable tourism development </li></ul><ul><li>Establishment of the status of a specialised guide for ecotourism, training system </li></ul><ul><li>System of permanent and mutual communication of protected areas administrations with all key stakeholders </li></ul>
  6. 6. Tradition or Inscenization?
  7. 7. Geotourism ??? <ul><li>is based on geological features </li></ul><ul><li>develops getourism products </li></ul><ul><li>creates outstanding tourist experiences </li></ul><ul><li>includes exceptional interpretation </li></ul><ul><li>provides value to local communities </li></ul><ul><li>conserves geoheritage </li></ul><ul><li>should be sustainable </li></ul><ul><li>(prof. Ross Dowling) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Ecotourism ??? <ul><li>Responsible tourism in natural (ecologically valuable) areas </li></ul><ul><li>which protects </li></ul><ul><li>environment and </li></ul><ul><li>impoves welfare </li></ul><ul><li>of local population </li></ul><ul><li>( TIES, web: http// </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>- Not to be confused with nature based tourism!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Respects (doesnt change) local social structure, supports cultural identity!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Supports (not replaces) local </li></ul><ul><li>ecomomical activities </li></ul>
  9. 9. Geo park as geotourism and ecotourism destination??? <ul><li>geopark philosophy demanding diffrent approach to tourism development: </li></ul><ul><li>Not consuming the landsape heritage itself but its interpretation </li></ul><ul><li>Experience of own discovering,imagination </li></ul><ul><li>Active contcat of visitors with local / indigenous people </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting not replacing local economic and cultural activities </li></ul><ul><li>Relating daily life activities to our natural and cultural identity </li></ul>
  10. 10. Czech Assistance with establishment of Rio Coco Geopark and its geo- and ecotourism
  11. 11. Ecotourism and Birdwatching <ul><li>still underestimated form of sustainable tourism, great potential especially for ecologically fragile areas </li></ul><ul><li>potencial pioneer segment: foreigner visitors with proper professional or hobby orientation who already know and want this tourism product </li></ul>
  12. 12. Tourism Guides in Ecologically Fragile Areas <ul><li>Authorized guide – by protected area authority (training and accreditation system) </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits? </li></ul><ul><li>Nature and landscape protection </li></ul><ul><li>- t ourism f lows r egulation (visitor management) </li></ul><ul><li>Special offer for visitors </li></ul><ul><li>- ecotourism as a top tourism product: </li></ul><ul><li>interpretation of nature and landscape values </li></ul><ul><li>- specialized tours: wild nature observing </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable enhancement of local </li></ul><ul><li>community economy and cultural identity </li></ul>
  13. 13. Case of Congo (Kindu surroundings)
  14. 15. Green Lungs for Green Tourism? <ul><li>Is an area of 17 700 km 2 large and virgin enough? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the green tourism challenge or threat? </li></ul>
  15. 16. Landscape of the Maniema region <ul><li>Left side of the river Lualaba (upper Congo river) flat landscape with clay substrate,on the river bank outcrops of red granite </li></ul><ul><li>In various streams the diamond is extracted (mainly for production of metal cutting mashines </li></ul><ul><li>In forests lenticular bearigs of copal (copal resin for lightening (lamps), in Europe for the high quality furniture and musical instrument varnish, Kleopatra had jewelry from that. </li></ul><ul><li>Right side of the river Lualaba is mountaineous and rich in minerals. Gold, kasiterit and coltan are mined mainly in rivers by washing. </li></ul>
  16. 18. WGL Travel & Expeditions <ul><li>10 days of adventurous travelling in the heard of the Democratic R epublic of Kongo – on the middle river with local indigenous people on pirogs </li></ul><ul><li>Wild animals watching in their natural environment </li></ul><ul><li>Walking in the tropical forest and savana </li></ul><ul><li>Sightseeing of local handcraft, fishing, traditional pirogs production, colonial structures </li></ul><ul><li>Overnight in forest vill a ges an d in wild nature camps </li></ul>
  17. 25. Conclusion <ul><li>Possibility of sustainable tourism development in Maniema - potential to support of the local efforts to develop themselves through their close relationship to nature </li></ul><ul><li>Basic precondition: deep traditions and local knowledge and strong respect to the built and natural environment </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable tourism development as a part of the Maniema journey to the larger political and economic independence and environmental responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable tourism development in the form of sustainable use of material and immaterial heritage of the Maniema region with active involvement of indigenous population </li></ul>
  18. 27. Ministry of the Environment of the Czech Republic Environmental Policy Department Phone: ++420-2-6712-2150 Mobile: ++420-602 643 054 E-mail: M artina.Paskova @ m z p .cz Thanks for your attention! Martina Pásková