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Workshop: Value Chains - Zambia case study
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Workshop: Value Chains - Zambia case study

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  • subsistence famers value chain, Zambia, showing upstream linkages with essential input providers and downstream linkages with consumers.
  • Figure 1. Small enterprise value chain, Zambia, showing upstream linkages with essential input providers and downstream linkages private and public hatcheries and subsistence and enterprises oriented producers. Darkened box for large traders indicates some export of fish.
  • Medium Enterprise value chain, Zambia, showing upstream linkages with essential input providers, and downstream linkages with users, including private and public hatcheries and subsistence and enterprises oriented producers. Darkened box for large traders indicates some exportation of fish.
  • Large Enterprise value chain, Zambia, showing upstream linkages with essential input providers and downstream linkages with private and public hatcheries and subsistence- and enterprise-oriented producers. Darkened box for large traders indicates some exportation of fish.

Transcript

  • 1. WORKSHOP
    case study: Zambia
    aquaculture value chain
    malcolmbeveridge and jocelynrunnebaum
    WorldFish Center, Penang
    18-22 July 2011
  • 2.
  • 3. purpose
    to determine:
    value chain maps
    social and economic services provided to society
    employment
    trends and drivers
    steps 1-2
  • 4. methodology
    mixed study-type/participatory approach
    production statistics (FAO, DoF)
    field visits
    participatory workshops with producers and NGO extension workers
    key informant interviews, using semi-structured interviews
    seed and feed producers, producers, traders, retailers, exporters
    DoF, NGOs, HEIs
    Women farmers in Peace Corps project,
    Eastern Province
    source: Peace Corps, Zambia
  • 5. methodology – advantages/disadvantages
    advantages
    cheap and cheerful
    provides foundation for future work
    disadvantages
    subjective
    quality of final analysis dependent on who is spoken to and who participates in workshops
    fish farm, Katete, Eastern Province
    source: ZedCan
  • 6. outputs
  • 7. Zambian aquaculture typology
    Subsistence Farmers
    Large Enterprises
    Small Enterprises
    Medium
    Enterprises
    reliance on resources
    Produce fish for sale; produce own fingerlings, using sex reversal technology; purchase feeds, manure and feed regularly; planned harvest cycle
    Produce fish for sale; produce own fingerlings and purchase additional fingerlings; use sex reversal technology; purchase feeds, manure and feed regularly; planned harvest cycle
    Produce fish for sale; either have a pond dedicated to home consum-ption or consume what’s left after sale; produce own fingerlings; sell excess fingerlings
    manure and feed regularly; more consistent
    harvest cycle
    Produce fish for sale; little to none used for home consumption; purchase fingerlings and feed;,
    manure and feed regularly planned
    harvest cycle
    Produce fish mostly for home consumption; remainder sold for income;
    intermittent manuring and feeding; no fixed harvest cycle
  • 8. subsistence farmers
    Production Zone
    Consumption Zone
    Traders
    Retailers
    Purchased Inputs
    Farm
    Fish Ponds
    Mobile sales via bike
    Home Consumption
    Informal Traders
    Fingerlings from Harvest
    Government Hatchery
    Manure produced on or off Farm
    Pond Side Sales
  • 9. Small Enterprise Value Chain
    Production Zone
    Consumption Zone
    Traders
    Processors
    Retailers
    Farm
    Purchased Inputs
    Private or Public Hatchery
    Fish Ponds
    Processor
    Retail outlets
    Large Traders
    Manure produced on or off Farm
    Informal Traders
    Farm Gate
    Feed Mills
    Home consumers
    Fingerlings
    Medium/ Large
    Enterprises
    Other Fish Farmers
    Fish
  • 10. Medium Enterprise
    Production Zone
    Consumption Zone
    Purchased Inputs
    Farm
    Traders
    Processors
    Retailers
    Feed Mills
    Fish Ponds
    Processor
    Large Traders
    Retail outlets
    On Farm Hatchery
    Informal Traders
    Manure produced on or off Farm
    Farm Gate
    Electricity/
    Diesel/Petrol
  • 11. Large Enterprise
    Production Zone
    Consumption Zone
    Purchased Inputs
    Farm
    Traders
    Processing
    Retailers
    Private Hatchery
    Fish Ponds
    Processor
    Retail outlets
    Large Traders
    On Farm Hatchery
    Feed Mills
    Informal Traders
    Manure produced on or off Farm
    Energy
    Commodities
  • 12. summary
    one third of government estimate of 10,000 t
    2,000 employed in production, plus 1000 in upstream and down activities; women engaged primarily in subsistence farming and trading
  • 13. fin