Transcript of "Improving incomes, nutrition and health in Bangladesh through potato, sweet potato and vegetables"
Improving incomes, nutrition and health in Bangladesh throughpotato, sweetpotato and vegetablesUSAID Horticulture Project -Horticulture Project - CIP/AVRDC BangladeshCIP/AVRDC Bangladesh
GoalIncreasing income and nutrition of 100,000poor households in Southern Bangladesh
Project Relevant Crops (PRCs)1. Potato2. Sweetpotato3. Vegetables- Tomato, brinjal, bottle gourd, bittergourd, okra, yard long bean, snake gourd, cucumber,red amaranth, Indian spinach, Kangkon and Pumpkin
Implementing Partners● International Potato Center (CIP)● World Vegetable Center (AVDRC)● BRAC● Proshika● Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI)Tuber Crop Research Center (TCRC)Horticulture Research Center (HRC)On-farm Research Division (OFRD)● Department of Agricultural Extension (target areas)● World Fish● SPRING
Bangladesh has made significant strides in boosting its economyand rising incomes in the past decade;-yet more than 43 percent of preschool-age children are stuntedand 56 percent are underweight-Bangladeshi children suffer from high rates of micronutrientdeficiencies, particularly vitamin A, iron (Fe), and zinc (Zn)-Some 60 percent of children < 5 year are thought to be at risk ofvitamin A deficiency, and the prevalence of Xerophthalmia (nightblindness).
Why VAD occurs !-the excess vitamin A is stored the liver, when thebody’s stores of this micronutrient have beendepleted-inadequate intake of vitamin A due to a poor dietand frequent infections, especially worm, measles,diarrhea and respiratory infections.
Whom VAD is common !-among the young children than adults becausechildren grow more quickly and children suffer morefrom infections and severe malnutrition than adults do.-pregnant and breastfeeding women because they havehigher needs as they have to supply the needs of theirown bodies and those of the unborn child or baby
In children, there are 4 major consequences of VAD:1. Poor growth and development: VAD children often become malnourished as theyhave poor appetite which leads to weight loss, lower ability to fight against infection,are more likely to fall ill2. VAD especially increases a child’s risk of getting gastro-intestinal and respiratoryinfections.3. Eye problems: VAD children can suffer from night blindness. This can progress toconditions that damage the eye such as Bitot spots (foamy white patches on thewhite part of the eye) and Exophthalmia (dryness of the cornea and conjunctiva)which can eventually lead to irreversible blindness.4. Death: Increased risk of infection, greater severe of infection and higher rates ofmalnutrition means that VAD children are more likely to die than well-nourishedchildren.
VAD occurring in pregnant womencan lead to night blindness, miscarriage, theearly arrival of the baby, low birth weight,and increase risk of death of the mother.
Source of Vitamin A: Vit A is available from three sources;1. Animal foods: Fish, liver, kidneys, red meat, eggs, butter, mild andbreast milk; animal source is expensive and not usually eaten by poorhousehold2. Plant foods: Beta carotene and other carotenoids in plant intovitamin A in the body. Vit A found in palm oil, orange fleshedsweetpotato and yellow and orange fruits (mango, papaya) andvegetables (pumpkin, carrots and green and leafy vegetables). Plantsource is more bio-available than other.3. Artificial fortified foods: Different Vit A mixed foods
Why Orange Fleshed Sweetpotato !OFSP one of the most nutrient-rich food crops in the world.Sweetpotato is mostly edible – one can eat the leaves, roots, and vines. Its varietiesoffer a wide range of skin and flesh color, from white, yellow-orange to deep purple.Just 125g a day of fresh roots from most orange-fleshed varieties contain enoughbeta-carotene to provide the daily pro-vitamin A needs of a preschooler. Even at lowyield (6 t/ha), just 12 decimal (500 m2) of land can generate an adequate annualsupply of vitamin A for a family of five. That is why OFSP is often called as apowerhouse of Vitamin A.Sweetpotato is a resilient crop is known as the classic food security crop. It can begrown in marginal growing conditions (e.g., dry spells, poor soil) with minimumlabor, irrigation and chemical fertilizers.
Empowering Women:-Helping women making important decisions on food and nutritaionsecurity at household-women can earn nearly BDT 8000 to 10000 by selling OFSP vinecuttings and roots produced from only 5 decimal (200sq.m) of landand also meet up an adequate supply of leafy vegetable for a familywithin 7 months.-Strengthen women’s intra-household bargaining power thatcontributes to nutrition, health, better education
IncomeA campaign just to eat a boiled OFSP root for breakfast assupplementary would greatly improve vitamin A intakes and createmarket opportunities. Supported by an effective nutrition awarenesscampaign, OFSP roots sell at a higher price than white fleshed roots.Use of OFSP in processing industry can substitute for potato in makingchips and crisps and partial substitute for wheat flour in bakeryproduces. OFSP products have a golden color that make it easy ofmarketing campaigns to promote them as Vitamin A enrichedproducts, thus increasing demand
Women EnterpriseDevelopment !Activity TargetNo.Vine required When neededHome Garden 3500 1,40,000 May 2013OFSP Demonstration 4500 45,00,000 November 2013SP Nursery establishment 300 3,00000 May- June 2013Total vine cuttings required 49,40,000The project is extending quality planting materials, technology,and nutrition messages among the targeted households andschool children. Over a four year period, the project intends toreach 50,000 households with OFSP.
Home GardenA woman gardener working inher gardenA typical home garden withtrellis at the periphery
OFSP offers low glycemic index andhigh antioxidants, regularconsumption of leaves and rootsminimizes the risk of diabetic, cancerand heart disease.
OFSP is a great source of nutrition withcheap investment;a cheap nutritious solution for developingcountries needing to grow more food on lessarea for rapidly multiplying populations.