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Shakuntala Thilsted - Fish in the first 1,000 days of life
 

Shakuntala Thilsted - Fish in the first 1,000 days of life

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A roadmap towards investing in agriculture, food security and nutrition. Presented at the Agriculture Nutrition Linkages Seminar in Dhaka, Bangladesh on the 18th of April, 2012.

A roadmap towards investing in agriculture, food security and nutrition. Presented at the Agriculture Nutrition Linkages Seminar in Dhaka, Bangladesh on the 18th of April, 2012.

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    Shakuntala Thilsted - Fish in the first 1,000 days of life Shakuntala Thilsted - Fish in the first 1,000 days of life Presentation Transcript

    • Shakuntala Haraksingh Thilsted Senior Nutrition Adviser WorldFish Center Email address: s.thilsted@cgiar.org partnership  excellence  growth
    • What are the First 1,000 Days?Scaling Up Nutrition (SUN) Framework and Roadmap:1,000 Days Global EffortEarly risers:Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala,Lao PDR, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique,Namibia, Nepal, Niger, Peru, Senegal, Tanzania,Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe partnership  excellence  growth
    • SUN: 1,000 Days• 15 CGIAR Research Programs, in particular: Agriculture for Improved Nutrition and Health• Feed the Future, Global Health Initiative (USAID)• DFID, U. K.• Grand Challenges Canada: Saving Brains “The waste of human capital is enormous. Imagine a world where children reach their full potential. That is the world the Saving Brains initiative is aiming to create.”• Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation Grand Challenges Explorations Round 7: Explore Nutrition for Healthy Growth of Infants and Young Children partnership  excellence  growth
    • 2011 - 2016 partnership  excellence  growth
    • Framework of CIP• Food availability• Food access• Food utilization partnership  excellence  growth
    • “Mache Bhate Bangali”(Fish and Rice make a Bengali) partnership  excellence  growth
    • Dried Small Fish, Prawn and Shrimp partnership  excellence  growth
    • Curry Small Fish Dish partnership  excellence  growth
    • SUN: 1,000 Days Focus on the Role of Essential Fats for Brain Development and Cognition Fat in the Critical Thousand Days Ensuring Adequacy of Essential Dietary Fats for Mothers and Children in Low and Middle Income CountriesMeeting in Washington D. C., April 2011 partnership  excellence  growth
    • Fish is a Rich Source of Essential FatsLake Malawi:• Dried usipe contains 1,700 mg docosahexaenoic acid(DHA) per 100 g, comparable to salmon• DHA in the breast milk of women ~0.7% of fatty acids,about twice the global averageLake Kitangiri, Tanzania (cradle of civilization):• Fish and breast milk of women with high concentrations ofessential fatsRural Bangladeshi women:• Low fish intake, low fat intake and low levels of essentialfats in breast milk partnership  excellence  growth
    • SUN: 1,000 DaysRecommendations from the Washington D. C. Meeting:The agricultural sector has an important role to play toincrease the availability of foods containing omega-3fatty acids:• Increase access to fish with omega-3 fatty acids• Improve omega-3 content of fish feeds and expandaccess to farmers partnership  excellence  growth
    • Small FishIrreplaceable Animal-source FoodRich Source of Multiple NutrientsAnimal ProteinEssential FatsEssential Micronutrients: Mineralsand Vitamins Common Food eaten with the Staple Adds Flavour and Taste to the Meal Improves Diet Diversity Enhances Mineral Bioavailability from Foods in the Meal Cooked with Vegetables, Oil and Spices, further Improving Diet Diversity, Adding Nutrients and Growth- promoting Substances Processed, Stored - Prolonging Duration of Consumption partnership  excellence  growth
    • Fish in Local Complementary Foods• Bangladesh: Plant-source foods: rice flour, lentil powder,molasses, soybean oilAlleviating childhood malnutrition by improved utilization oftraditional foodsEffectiveness studies of complementary foods in children 6-24 months• Cambodia: rice flour, dried powdered fish (2 small species:rich in iron and zinc and essential fats), spider• Kenya: maize flour, dried powdered small fish (omena),fermented amaranth, termite partnership  excellence  growth
    • Increased Fish Production is Not Sufficient• Increased Use of Small Marine Fish for Human Consumption present use: fish meal and fish oil• Improvement in Post-harvest Processes sun-drying, Storage, Marketing, Cooking• Reduction of Spoilage and Wastage partnership  excellence  growth
    • Gaps in Recognizing the Importance of Fish in the First 1,000 Days of Life• Data on intra-household fish consumption, especially in women and young children, at species level, different seasons and locations• Nutrient composition of fish species and fish products• Bioavailability of nutrient components specific for fish: dehydroretinol (vitamin A compound) high molecular iron compounds• Degree of enhancement of mineral bioavailability of a small intake of fish in a meal partnership  excellence  growth
    • Thank you partnership  excellence  growth