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Science Forum Day 4 - Khondeker Murshed e Jahan - Livelihood Bangladesh
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Science Forum Day 4 - Khondeker Murshed e Jahan - Livelihood Bangladesh

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  • 1. Livelihood impact of aquaculture on the poor: Experience from Bangladesh WorldFish Center - Bangladesh and South Asia KM Jahan and Benoy Barman
  • 2. Introduction: Aquaculture and the poor
    • The ability of the poor to engage in aquaculture or to derive a benefit from aquaculture activities has been questioned
    • Constraints to involve poor in aquaculture
        • Limited access to resources
        • Availability and high price of external inputs
        • capital investment.
    • This study shows that aquaculture can contribute to improving the livelihoods of the poor
        • Adivasi Fisheries Project (AFP) supported by EU
        • Development of Sustainable Aquaculture Project (DSAP) supported by USAID
  • 3. Development of Sustainable Aquaculture Project (DSAP)
    • Duration : 2000 – 2006
    • Poor farmers having resources for aquaculture
    • 68,000 farmers benefitted (Direct: 44,000; Secondary adopters:24,000)
    • 42 out 64 districts in Bangladesh
  • 4. Adivasi Fisheries Project (AFP)
    • Duration : 2007 – 2009
    • Poor and landless Adivasi farmers
    • 9,650 Adivasi farmers benefitted (Direct: 3,650; Secondary adopters: 6,000)
    • 3 district of northwest and 2 district of the northern region
  • 5. Capacity building activities and extension approaches
    • Technology dissemination through partners (NGOs)
    • Knowledge development of the communities through
      • Group approach
      • Individual approach
      • Farmer Field School (FFS)
    • Whole family approach to increase women participation
    • Asset development of the poor communities
    • Strengthening linkage with Local Support Agencies and stakeholders
  • 6. Livelihood diversification strategies
    • Strengthening the aquaculture value chain (AFP)
    • Promoting small-scale aquaculture options (DSAP & AFP)
    Pond fish culture Rice- fish culture Cage culture Fingerling Trader Fish selling Netting group
  • 7. Livelihood Outcomes
    • Productivity increased from pond and rice field (mt/ha)
    • Income (US$/hh) increased from aquaculture and related activities
    • Contribution of fish in hh income increased to 14% - 15% from 3% - 7% of before intervention (DSAP & AFP)
    Projects Before Project After project Control DSAP 1.3 2.7 1.7 AFP 0.9 2.8 - Projects Before Project After project Control DSAP 134 252 121 AFP 17 124 -
  • 8. Livelihood Outcomes (contd.)
    • Fish consumption (gm/capita/day) improved.
    • Frequency of fish consumption of hh increased from 6 meals/month to 32 meals/month (AFP)
    • Shorten food deficit period from 1.8 months to 1.1 months after project intervention (AFP)
    • Carps contributed 70% of total fish consumption. Only 6-7% came from nutrient dense small fish (DSAP)
      • Aquaculture development dominated by carps
      • 94% of ponds are under carp polyculture (village census, DSAP)
    Projects Before Project After project Control DSAP 42 60 41 AFP 17 36 -
  • 9. Livelihood Outcomes (contd.)
    • Whole family approach successfully involved women in aquaculture
      • Participation rate increased to 37% - 40% compared to baseline of 25% - 27%
      • Women operated ponds received higher production compared to men (2.9 mt/ha compared to2.7 mt/ha)
      • HH consumption of women operated ponds were 1.84 kg/capita/month compared to 1.79 kg/capita/month of men operated ponds
    • Access to extension agencies and market improved
      • 20% - 30% more hh has now access to extension agencies
      • 40%-50% more hh has now access to input/output market
  • 10. Conclusion
    • Results suggest that with adequate support, aquaculture could also contribute significantly to increase livelihood outcomes of the poor
      • Scope for involve poor in aquaculture value chains
      • Required poor focused development program
    • Aquaculture development dominated by larger fish species (e.g., carp) reason for declining trend of small fish species
      • Promote production of smaller species alongside large carp species may be an alternative options
    • Gender focus extension approaches found effective in increasing women involvement
    • Networking with extension agencies and other stakeholders is important for sustainability
  • 11. Thank You