Vegetable consumption in the Philippines 40 kg/capita and year Micronutrient deficiency – a lack of vitamins, minerals and other compounds necessary for good health – is a serious problem in the developing world . A lack of vitamin A is a major cause of blindness, and weakens the immune system. The deficiency is especially acute in India and sub-Saharan Africa.
Role of women
1. A Recipe for Healthy Cities: Vegetable Production in the Urban Environment Robert J. Holmer Regional Director for East and Southeast Asia, AVRDC – The World Vegetable Center Science Week, The WorldFish Center 18 - 22 July 2011, Penang, Malaysia
2. Global Urbanization Trends The Urban and Rural Population of the World (1950 to 2030)* *Source: United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2006). World Urbanization Prospects
3. Global Urbanization Trends Population Growth of the Philippines (1898 to 2010) 2.3 % p.a.
4. Global Urbanization Trends Population Growth of Cagayan de Oro (1879 to 2006) 4.4 % p.a.
5. Global Urbanization Trends
6. Global Urbanization Trends
7. Global Urbanization Trends
8. Global Urbanization Trends
9. Global Urbanization Trends
10. Urban Challenge: Sanitation Major challenges facing urban areas: Picture: Nikki Sandino M Victoriano
11. Urban Challenge: Solid Waste Management Major challenges facing urban areas: Picture: Jana Gerold
12. Urban Challenge: Food and Nutritional Security “ Double disease burden” Source: WHO Data 2006 > 20 % of population over 18 years old is obese > 30 % of public school children are undernourished
13. National vegetable availability vs. health/nutrition status Health status indicator: Children under 5 mortality rate Nutrition status indicator: Children under 5 underweight
14. Benefits of vegetables <ul><li>Vegetables are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High value crops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relatively easy to grow in different environments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide employment, especially for women and other vulnerable groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide micronutrients, vitamins, dietary fiber and protein </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contribute to balanced diets </li></ul></ul>
20. Vegetable production at the White House garden & in front of San Francisco City Hall
21. <ul><li>Allotment gardens in Cagayan de Oro, Philippines: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ten areas in the city made legally available to 100 urban poor families for production of crops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Three of them are located within the premises of public elementary schools </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Joint effort of academe, local government and community </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrates aspects of solid waste management, ecological sanitation, participatory land use planning and community organizing </li></ul></ul>Urban Agriculture Pilot Project Philippines
22. Asset-Based Community Development (ABCD) Jeannette M.E. Tramhel. 2010. Using Participatory Urban Design to "Close the Nutrient Loop" in the Philippines. Urban Agriculture Magazine 23 - Urban nutrient management, 30-31.
23. ... preparing the land Allotment Garden Set-up
24. Philippine Allotment Garden
25. <ul><li>About 70 % of vegetables produced are sold to outside customers who come to the garden </li></ul><ul><li>About 5 % are give-aways for friends and family </li></ul><ul><li>25 % is used for own consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Vegetable consumption has increased for all gardening families (has doubled for ¾ of the families) </li></ul><ul><li>20 % income increase </li></ul><ul><li>Many non-monetary benefits such as enjoying quality time with friends and family, enhanced community values, better health, increased self-esteem. </li></ul>Major Results of Philippine Allotment Garden Program
26. Vegetable production can take place in small spaces and can still be productive. Ingenuity is the key! Container gardening
27. Opportunities and Threats <ul><li>Security of Tenure </li></ul><ul><li>Favorable policies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National School Garden Program of the Philippines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>42,000 gardens in all public schools until 2016 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>connected with community and home garden program </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Multidisciplinary/cross-sectoral approaches </li></ul><ul><li>Increased public awareness of benefits of healthier nutrition </li></ul>
28. Prosperity for the Poor, Health for All! Thank you very much!