Science Forum Day 3 - Robert Holmer - A Recipe for Healthy Cities - Vegetable Production in the Urban Environment

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  • Vegetable consumption in the Philippines 40 kg/capita and year Micronutrient deficiency – a lack of vitamins, minerals and other compounds necessary for good health – is a serious problem in the developing world . A lack of vitamin A is a major cause of blindness, and weakens the immune system. The deficiency is especially acute in India and sub-Saharan Africa.
  • Role of women

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  • 1. A Recipe for Healthy Cities: Vegetable Production in the Urban Environment Robert J. Holmer Regional Director for East and Southeast Asia, AVRDC – The World Vegetable Center Science Week, The WorldFish Center 18 - 22 July 2011, Penang, Malaysia
  • 2. Global Urbanization Trends The Urban and Rural Population of the World (1950 to 2030)* *Source: United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2006). World Urbanization Prospects
  • 3. Global Urbanization Trends Population Growth of the Philippines (1898 to 2010) 2.3 % p.a.
  • 4. Global Urbanization Trends Population Growth of Cagayan de Oro (1879 to 2006) 4.4 % p.a.
  • 5. Global Urbanization Trends
  • 6. Global Urbanization Trends
  • 7. Global Urbanization Trends
  • 8. Global Urbanization Trends
  • 9. Global Urbanization Trends
  • 10. Urban Challenge: Sanitation Major challenges facing urban areas: Picture: Nikki Sandino M Victoriano
  • 11. Urban Challenge: Solid Waste Management Major challenges facing urban areas: Picture: Jana Gerold
  • 12. Urban Challenge: Food and Nutritional Security “ Double disease burden” Source: WHO Data 2006 > 20 % of population over 18 years old is obese > 30 % of public school children are undernourished
  • 13. National vegetable availability vs. health/nutrition status Health status indicator: Children under 5 mortality rate Nutrition status indicator: Children under 5 underweight
  • 14. Benefits of vegetables
    • Vegetables are:
      • High value crops
      • Relatively easy to grow in different environments
      • Provide employment, especially for women and other vulnerable groups
      • Provide micronutrients, vitamins, dietary fiber and protein
      • Contribute to balanced diets
  • 15. Urban agriculture Allotment Garden Munich, Germany
  • 16. Reichstag, Berlin (1945)
  • 17. Reichstag, Berlin (1946)
  • 18. Berlin, 1946
  • 19. Reichstag building, Berlin (2006)
  • 20. Vegetable production at the White House garden & in front of San Francisco City Hall
  • 21.
    • Allotment gardens in Cagayan de Oro, Philippines:
      • Ten areas in the city made legally available to 100 urban poor families for production of crops
        • Three of them are located within the premises of public elementary schools
      • Joint effort of academe, local government and community
      • Integrates aspects of solid waste management, ecological sanitation, participatory land use planning and community organizing
    Urban Agriculture Pilot Project Philippines
  • 22. Asset-Based Community Development (ABCD) Jeannette M.E. Tramhel. 2010. Using Participatory Urban Design to "Close the Nutrient Loop" in the Philippines. Urban Agriculture Magazine 23 - Urban nutrient management, 30-31.
  • 23. ... preparing the land Allotment Garden Set-up
  • 24. Philippine Allotment Garden
  • 25.
    • About 70 % of vegetables produced are sold to outside customers who come to the garden
    • About 5 % are give-aways for friends and family
    • 25 % is used for own consumption
    • Vegetable consumption has increased for all gardening families (has doubled for ¾ of the families)
    • 20 % income increase
    • Many non-monetary benefits such as enjoying quality time with friends and family, enhanced community values, better health, increased self-esteem.
    Major Results of Philippine Allotment Garden Program
  • 26. Vegetable production can take place in small spaces and can still be productive. Ingenuity is the key! Container gardening
  • 27. Opportunities and Threats
    • Security of Tenure
    • Favorable policies
      • National School Garden Program of the Philippines
      • 42,000 gardens in all public schools until 2016
      • connected with community and home garden program
    • Multidisciplinary/cross-sectoral approaches
    • Increased public awareness of benefits of healthier nutrition
  • 28. Prosperity for the Poor, Health for All! Thank you very much!