Tropical Fruits<br />Alonso González<br />CIAT 2011<br />
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1302281/Amazing-sculptures-carved-fruit.html<br />
Our mission<br />Improve the competitiveness of small tropical-fruit growers and service suppliers through information and...
Why Tropical Fruits ?<br /><ul><li>High Value Product, key for improving rural livelihood (business and employment)
> 90% production of tropical fruits by small farmers in developing countries
Increasing demand in national and international markets
Research demanded from regional partners
Large biodiversity (perennial and semi-perennial) opportunity for targeting different agro ecologies
A platform where we can integrate Biophysical and Social Sciences</li></ul>4<br />
Diversity of Tropical Fruits<br />>500sp in Asia.<br />2% commercial<br />>1200 spp in America<br />4,5 % commercial<br />...
Business development out of Biodiversity: Durian-(Penang, 2011)<br />
Characterization and use of Genetic Diversity<br />Eco-efficient Production Systems<br />Access to equitable markets<br />...
Chontaduro (Bactris gasipaes)<br />
Bactrisgasipaes- Distribution<br />Fuente: http://gisweb.ciat.cgiar.org/mapforgen/bac_gas.html<br />
Chontaduro<br />Considered underutilized<br />Very important in some markets (Colombia, Costa Rica, Manaus, Lima) <br />an...
Harvesting challenges 10 a 12 m high<br />
Development of Harvesting Tool<br />
Bajachonta:<br />Assessing the impact of innovation<br />In rural communities<br />
Functionalproperties<br />
Development of cookingprotocol<br />Procesos de cocción <br />Clasificación diferentes tiempos  de cocción<br />Materia pr...
Outputs-lessons<br />Cooking time is less than 60 min <br />Fruits do not get softer if cooked for longer time<br />Women ...
COASTAL – light bluesystemsaroundthecoast of northern South America and Central America, includingtheCaribbean<br />
Coconut importance<br />LAC~700,000 ha<br />SOCIAL CROP<br />
Nariño: 50.1%<br />Cauca: 22.0%<br />
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Science Forum Day 3 - Alonso Gonzalez - Tropical fruits, coconuts and livelihoods

1,216 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,216
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
18
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Organizar rva + foto de microscopia electronica de los granos (EN LA DIAPOSITIVA ANTERIOR)
  • Science Forum Day 3 - Alonso Gonzalez - Tropical fruits, coconuts and livelihoods

    1. 1. Tropical Fruits<br />Alonso González<br />CIAT 2011<br />
    2. 2. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1302281/Amazing-sculptures-carved-fruit.html<br />
    3. 3. Our mission<br />Improve the competitiveness of small tropical-fruit growers and service suppliers through information and technologies that result in sustainable practices and production systems, thus improving access to markets and increasing family incomes<br />
    4. 4. Why Tropical Fruits ?<br /><ul><li>High Value Product, key for improving rural livelihood (business and employment)
    5. 5. > 90% production of tropical fruits by small farmers in developing countries
    6. 6. Increasing demand in national and international markets
    7. 7. Research demanded from regional partners
    8. 8. Large biodiversity (perennial and semi-perennial) opportunity for targeting different agro ecologies
    9. 9. A platform where we can integrate Biophysical and Social Sciences</li></ul>4<br />
    10. 10. Diversity of Tropical Fruits<br />>500sp in Asia.<br />2% commercial<br />>1200 spp in America<br />4,5 % commercial<br />>400 sp in Africa.<br />5<br />
    11. 11. Business development out of Biodiversity: Durian-(Penang, 2011)<br />
    12. 12. Characterization and use of Genetic Diversity<br />Eco-efficient Production Systems<br />Access to equitable markets<br />Strategic Directions: Tropical Fruits<br />
    13. 13. Chontaduro (Bactris gasipaes)<br />
    14. 14. Bactrisgasipaes- Distribution<br />Fuente: http://gisweb.ciat.cgiar.org/mapforgen/bac_gas.html<br />
    15. 15. Chontaduro<br />Considered underutilized<br />Very important in some markets (Colombia, Costa Rica, Manaus, Lima) <br />and as staple food in humid tropics (Pacific coast, Amazon)<br />Highly nutritious<br />Very underdeveloped as fruit<br />Very important as palm-heart<br />
    16. 16. Harvesting challenges 10 a 12 m high<br />
    17. 17. Development of Harvesting Tool<br />
    18. 18. Bajachonta:<br />Assessing the impact of innovation<br />In rural communities<br />
    19. 19. Functionalproperties<br />
    20. 20. Development of cookingprotocol<br />Procesos de cocción <br />Clasificación diferentes tiempos de cocción<br />Materia prima<br />Análisis de dureza<br />Oxalato<br />Análisis Sensorial Sabaletas y CIAT<br />
    21. 21. Outputs-lessons<br />Cooking time is less than 60 min <br />Fruits do not get softer if cooked for longer time<br />Women could save up to 2/3 of energy resources<br />Time not used for cooking allows more dedication to their families<br />There is a genetic component that controls hardness of fruits<br />Community based cooking should be considered to reduce costs<br />
    22. 22. COASTAL – light bluesystemsaroundthecoast of northern South America and Central America, includingtheCaribbean<br />
    23. 23. Coconut importance<br />LAC~700,000 ha<br />SOCIAL CROP<br />
    24. 24. Nariño: 50.1%<br />Cauca: 22.0%<br />
    25. 25. Lethalyellowingand Red Ring Diseasekillingcoconutpalms in LAC<br />In some communities<br />80% of coconut plants <br />are dead<br />Lack of Coconut=No $<br />Atlantic Tall palms, <br />highly susceptible to LY<br />
    26. 26. New Project 2011-2014<br /><ul><li>Farmers participatory germplasm assessment</li></ul>Anecdotic evidence indicated some materials are less susceptible to the disease<br />Need to characterize local germplasm as it has been neglected so far. <br />Tissue culture propagation technologies<br />Cryopreservation of tissue culture material<br />Co-development of alternatives to control palm weevil<br />
    27. 27. Lifecycle of red ring disease<br />La Palma cae por su propio peso debido al daño causado por la larva. <br />Palma sana de 2-10 años de edad.<br />La hembra de coleoptero adulta emerge, algunas internamente infectadas con una gran cantidad de nematodos del cocotero <br />La hembra : nemátodos durante la oviposición.<br />Algunas larvas del picudo están infectadas con el estadio de disperción del nemátodo.<br />Los coleopteros de una población son atraidos para alimentarse, reproducirse y ovopositar en la palma que está muerindo.<br />Infección y reproducción del nemátodo en la planta.<br />Sintomas de la enfermedad en la Planta.<br />Corte transversal del tallo de un cocotero infectado mostrando sintomas de anillo rojo del tejido necrosado.<br />
    28. 28. Tissue culture Propagation Platform: allows germplasm movement<br />
    29. 29. May 2011- CIAT Tropical Fruits Team<br />

    ×