Three cultural groups Customary rights to marine resources are well defined and traditional institutions continue to influence SSF management.
The adaptive management approach includes monitoring of community-selected indicators in order to evaluate and modify management if necessary.
>3000 people directly impacted
Science Forum Day 1 - Anne-Maree Schwarz - Community based management of SSF in Solomon Islands
Community based management for improved resilience of small scale fisheries- Solomon Islands WorldFish Center-Solomon Islands Anne-Maree Schwarz
Background <ul><li>Focus-management for resilience of SSF </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple projects around this theme </li></ul><ul><li>Participatory Adaptive Management Framework (PDAM) for diagnosing and managing SSF (Andrew et al. 2007) </li></ul><ul><li>Well defined customary rights and traditional knowledge = a conducive environment for community based resource management (CBRM) </li></ul><ul><li>Learning by doing, organising lessons learned, development of new methods defining and refining indicators of sustainability and resilience were compatible. </li></ul><ul><li>Testing the PDAM framework through CBRM </li></ul>
Action Research <ul><li>Work with communities to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>identify sources of vulnerability that affect fisheries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>identify actions leading to the development of community-based management plans and implementation of adaptive management </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Work with national and provincial government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supporting structures </li></ul></ul>
Interpreting the PDAM framework Diagnosis Getting to know each other Awareness Defining the fishery Identifying elements of vulnerability Identifying entry points for management Who is involved Governance Structures Management goals Rules, enforcement Adaptive Management Management Plan Indicators Monitoring
Indicators and monitoring P articipatory process for selection of biological and/or social i ndicators and thresholds. Monitoring example: CPUE Catch thresholds are identified based on local knowledge to define whether resources are 1. Meeting needs 2. Not meeting needs 3. In crisis Dashboard” approach provides a tool for the management committee to review management measures in a structured manner.
Status of CBRM People directly impacted Management Plan Monitoring Kia 255 2005-2008 Sea cucumber abundance, fisheries centre records Jorio 1264 2006-2009 CPUE, social indicators Dovele 566 2008-2011 CPUE, social indicators Toumoa 270 2008-2010 CPUE, social indicators Kariki 200 2010-2011 observational Lau Makwanu 295 2008-2010 CPUE, social indicators Lau Makwanu Adasulia 247 2009-2011 CPUE, social indicators
CRP 1.3 <ul><li>What are effective models to scale-out innovations in CBRM to ensure development impact beyond the direct beneficiaries of the project. </li></ul><ul><li>How do innovations spread among local and larger scale formal and informal social networks ? </li></ul><ul><li>What are appropriate indicators of success for national CBRM programmes and what does an impact assessment programme look like? </li></ul><ul><li>Resilience outcomes? </li></ul><ul><li>How can we effectively consider the multiple sources of vulnerability that are external to the fisheries domain? </li></ul>