First is technical justification BUT getting there depends on ensuring social context enables women to actually make value USE of the resources, and the benefits arisingOpens the social context to questioning which can:Applying a gender analysis to agricultural value chains – not just doing it but HOW it is doneanalyzing gender relations, power, roles and outcomes, and not just describing differences but assessing their causes (apply definition of gender analysis); it differs from gender and ag VCs – not just describing where women are, what they doanalyzing gender relations within chains Gender neutral use of gendered VCA, or gender transformative use of the info…
Symptoms of social and gender inequality – stopping here means interventions may only bring ST positive outcomes, be band aids
Get to causal analysis – WHY do the gender and other differences noted previously exist, persist?Place VC within its social context – explicit acknowledge how social context affects VC functioning, outcomesAsumptions made: including on availablity and cheapness of women’s L…do things better and cheaper…what is that about? Is that OK?Chain governance and contract farming example: assumption of female unpaid labor being available, to keep cost of prod & therefore contract pricing low?
Capacities: gender; gender in VCA; how to use the results for gender responsive, if not transformative intervention designSkills is only part of it…getting gender, buying into its relevance to success of R4D
Integrating gender in value chain analysis
Integrating gender invalue chain analysisValue chain workshop10 & 13 Aug 2012WorldFish Center
Why gender integration matters• Enhance chain productivity, nutrition outcomes through more resources in women’s hands• Improve the equity and effectiveness of VC interventions • Provides knowledge of how gender inequality may reduce the effectiveness of value chain interventions • Provides knowledge of how interventions may affect gender inequality• Raise new research questions related to achieving the SLOs • What are the economic and social consequences of VC reliance upon unpaid family labor? • Do VC interventions promoting joint production and intra- household decision-making lead to better farm and gender equity outcomes than those focusing on individual producers?
Gender integration in VCA:Minimum standard• Disaggregate actors at each node - dig deeper into who does what, uses what resources/technologies, gets what, decides/controls what • By sex and other forms of relevant social relations: caste, wealth, race, etc. • Identify • social groups’ concentrations at different levels of the chain • inequalities in returns/resources/decision making power – disincentives to VCD? • invisible workers whose workload may be increased, who may subsidize chain operations
Gender integration in VCA: Causalanalysis• Understand why the chain is organized and functions as it does, socially (gender-relevant data) • ‘Rules analysis’ to examine structural constraints on poor women’s and men’s engagement (social norms) • Examine ‘interlocking institutions’ - how do markets and households inter-relate to shape opportunities and outcomes • Gender division of labor in HH and effect on labor market choices and outcomes • Intra-HH decision making and incentives to upgrade in the chain• Examine how power operates across multiple levels of analysis • Chain governance, assumptions made within governance structures • Explore the quality of relationships among actors in nodes & across nodes • Intra-household relationships: cooperation/joint-ness and conflict
Gender integration as standardpractice: How to get there?• Standard tools are not gender-responsive• Gender tools exist but make gender an ‘add on’• Any method/tool is as good as its users • Gender and VCA capacity development required…but ICRAF 2012• What capacities need to be developed and how, to make gender integration standard VCA practice?