Value Chains in the WorldFish, Aquatic Agricultural Systems, and Monitoring and Evaluation Medium Term Plan
Value Chains in the WorldFish MTP Charles Crissman Value Chains workshop 10-13 August 2012 WorldFish - Penang
WorldFish Strategic Plan Focal Areas Focal Area Key research question Climate Change How will climate change affect fisheries and Vulnerability and aquaculture in developing countries and Adaptation how can adaptive capacity be built? How can we improve input and output value Improved valueReduced poverty chains to increase the development impactand vulnerability chains of aquaculture and fisheries? How can investments in fisheries and Nutrition and aquaculture best improved human nutrition health and health? How can strengthening the rights of Gender and marginalized fish dependent people reduce Sustainably equity inequality and poverty? increased food security Sustainable How do we increase productivity, ecological aquaculture resilience and development impact of technologies aquaculture? What policy and management investments Policies and will increase the resilience of small-scale practice for fisheries and increase their contribution to resilience reducing poverty and hunger?
What are the key development impacts wewill work towards achieving?1) Increased production and consumption of fish in target sites – Hunger and malnutrition is widespread in our target countries, and assuring increased fish production is an important step towards providing affordable fish for poor consumers.1) Increased income for producers, processors and traders – Income can be increased through improved productivity, sales and value addition
Outcomes• Improved and diversified value chains: • value chain actors acquire new capabilities and access new market segments through innovations in the value chain, and exposure to different managerial models, or different end markets• Improved institutions, policies and business environment: • a supportive business environment, including access to inputs, services and capital for chain actors, especially small holders• Improved market information: • information flows from consumers and buyers downstream to processors and producers upstream is improved, so that upstream actors increase their capabilities to supply what is required in the market• More equitable participation: • the distribution of benefits to value chain participants is more equitable and matches the relative risks the chain actors’ experience
Research Questions• What are the opportunities for increased employment for the poor and vulnerable in fish value chains?• How do market drivers affect producers’ methods and technologies, and what value chain interventions support production practices that are more economically, environmentally and socially sustainable?• What business-support arrangements work effectively for smallholder producers and traders, in particular microenterprises, in different environments?• How can small operators become and remain more competitive as market chains become increasingly integrated?• How do knowledge and skills among the poor and vulnerable need to be improved, and how can this be achieved?• What policy interventions will boost competitiveness of target value chains?• How will macro-trends and political economy context be expected to affect target value chains over time?
Expected outputs 2012-2014• Integrated research in development in key value chains in selected countries will increase the volume of fish moving through them.• Toolkits for assessment of pro-poor and gender integrative fish value chains and their macro-context, as well as for identification of appropriate interventions developed, validated and made available to our partners.• Sectoral, spatial and resource trade-off models that improve understanding of sustainable value chain development.• Novel partnerships developed with private sector and development partners for value chain development.• Improved documentation of increased participation by women in existing and new aspects of value chains.
Value Chains in the AAS CRP Charles Crissman Value Chains workshop 10-13 August 2012 WorldFish - Penang
Research questions• What are the opportunities for increased employment for the poor and vulnerable?• How can input markets deliver to smallholder producers high-quality inputs more consistently, efficiently and affordably?• How can value chain research help ensure high quality products from aquatic agricultural systems, in terms of nutrition and food safety?• How do market drivers affect producers’ methods and technologies, and what interventions support practices that are more economically, environmentally and socially sustainable?• What business-support arrangements work effectively for smallholder producers and traders, in particular microenterprises, in different environments?• How can small operators become and remain more competitive as market chains become increasingly integrated?• What wider services and support are required for value chains in aquatic agricultural systems that are marked by remoteness, high mobility, high variability in production and incomes, and heightened uncertainty about the future?
An approach to value chain developmentSource: Devaux, Horton et al. 2009. Collective Action for Market Chain Innovation. Food Policy
Monitoring and EvaluationIndicators for Value Chains Charles Crissman Value Chains workshop 10-13 August 2012 WorldFish - Penang
Outcomes and Impact• Theory of change – focus of programs – Livelihoods – Production & productivity (producing & consuming households) – Nutrition – Governance – Household food security (producing & consuming households – Farm enterprise versus SME – Other non-farm HH VC actors
Outcomes and Impact• Value Chains as Innovation Platforms – Technology – Organization – Policy• Place in the value chain – Sector level outcomes – Chain level outcomes
Existing indicators• Feed the Future – Objective, program, element indicators• Donor Committee for Enterprise Development – Standard for Results Measurement• CARE Universal Indicators for market engagement
An approach to innovation platform development Adekunle et al. 2012. Agricultural Innovation in Sub-Saharan Africa: Experiences from multiple-stakeholder approaches . FARA.
Value Chain indicatorsSource: World Bank. 2008. How innovative is your agriculture? Using innovation indicators and benchmarksto strengthen agricultural innovation systems
Gender indicators in agri-enterprise developmentInput Output ImpactAmount of funding Effective participation of Improvement in women’sallocated to provide women in agro-enterprise incomeassistance to men and and trade activitieswomen in agro-enterpriseAmount of funding for Improvement in women’s Overall improvement inmarket infrastructure employment levels – rural well-beingdevelopment and reduction in wageimproved access to differentials and skills gapsmarketsStrengthening of producers Increase in women’sand trade organizations participation and leadership in producers and trade organizations Source: World Bank. 2005. Gender in monitoring and evaluation in rural development: a tool kit.