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Ray-Yu Yang - AVRDC - The World Vegetable Center in Bangladesh: Past, Current and Future
 

Ray-Yu Yang - AVRDC - The World Vegetable Center in Bangladesh: Past, Current and Future

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A roadmap towards investing in agriculture, food security and nutrition. Presented at the Agriculture Nutrition Linkages Seminar in Dhaka, Bangladesh on the 18th of April, 2012.

A roadmap towards investing in agriculture, food security and nutrition. Presented at the Agriculture Nutrition Linkages Seminar in Dhaka, Bangladesh on the 18th of April, 2012.

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  • We’ve been at our work for nearly four decades. Our mission: alleviate poverty and malnutrition in the developing world through the increased production and consumption of health-promoting vegetables. Our mission hasn’t changed, but over time our geographical focus has shifted...

Ray-Yu Yang - AVRDC - The World Vegetable Center in Bangladesh: Past, Current and Future Ray-Yu Yang - AVRDC - The World Vegetable Center in Bangladesh: Past, Current and Future Presentation Transcript

  • Seminar on Agriculture – Nutrition Linkages 18 April 2011 Dhaka, Bangladesh AVRDC – The World Vegetable Center in Bangladesh: Past, Current and Future Ray-Yu Yang (Nutritionist) and Peter Hanson (Plant Breeder) AVRDC – The World Vegetable CenterSlide 1 www.avrdc.org
  • Research to promote development  Founded in 1971 as the Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center (AVRDC) with a regional research focus on Asia  Our research and development is nonprofit  Our research outputs are global public goods  The World Vegetable Center has an expanding global role with a growing network of regional officesSlide 2 www.avrdc.org
  • Regional Centers Uzbekistan Dubai Taiwan India Mali Thailand Cameroon TanzaniaSlide 3 www.avrdc.org
  • Our mission “Alleviate poverty and malnutrition in the developing world through increased production and consumption of nutritious and health promoting vegetables”Slide 4 www.avrdc.org
  • Contribution of vegetables to human nutrition and health Consumption Nutrient X density X Bio-availability • Increased access, • Improved nutrient • Enhanced nutrient availability, and and bioactive retention and consumption of bioavailability phytochemical vegetables contents = Nutrition and health outcome • Assessing the outcomes from the consumption of vegetables on diet, nutrition and overall economic development.Slide 5 www.avrdc.org
  • AVRDC: a strong record of variety release 466 improved vegetable varieties benefit farmers around the world www.avrdc.orgSlide 6
  • AVRDC in Bangladesh 1991 – 2006 • AVRDC Germplasm distribution: – 3454 accessions (59 crops) provided to BARI, NARS institutions, private seed companies, and NGOs • AVRDC improved varieties – 18 lines released in Bangladesh • Bangladesh vegetable germplasm collection and conservation: – 994 acc (50 species) collected in Bangladesh and conserved at AVRDC – 764 acc (26 species) distributed in Bangladesh to promote utilizationSlide 7 www.avrdc.org
  • Opportunity: (1) Expand production and availability of nutritious food during food scarcity periods • Identification of local vegetables with high nutrient content and special adaptation to abiotic stresses (flooding, heat, salinity) for production during food scarcity periods Bangladesh Crop Calendar Source: Dr. Rezaul Karim Crop M A M J J A S O N D J F Kharif Crops Aus Rice p p g g g g G g h h B Aman Rice p p g g g g G g g g g g g g g g h h T Aman Rice P p p p p p g g g g g h h h White Jute p p p g g g g G h h h h Tossa Jute p p g g G g g h h h h Mesta p p p p g G g g g g g g h h h h Bhadoi Chili p p p p P p g g g h h h h h h h h Turmeric h p p p p G g g g g g g g g g g g h h h h h Ginger h p p p p g g G g g g g g g g g g g g h h h h h Rabi Crops Local Boro Rice g g h h h h p p p p g g g HYV Boro Rice g g g h h h h H p p p p p g Wheat h h h p p p p g g g g Masur Pulse h p p g g g g g h h Kheshari Pulse h p p g g g g g g h Rabi Chili h h h h h h p p p p g g g Onion g g g h h h h p p p p p g g g g g Coriander h h p p p p p p g g g h Potato h p p p p g g g g h h h Tobacco h p p p p g g g g h Annual Crops Sugarcane g g g g g g g G g g g g g g g h h p p g g g g gSlide 8 www.avrdc.org
  • Improved tomato lines and technologies: Summer Tomato Production simple structure staking Tomatotone Heat tolerant raised (fruit-set) mulch bed varietySlide 9 www.avrdc.org
  • AVRDC in Bangladesh 1991 – 2006 • Technologies transfer and capacity building – Established a network of 23 NGOs and covered 49 sub-districts of Bangladesh to conduct on-farm demonstrations, training and nutritional promotion – Technologies for off-season production for tomato, cauliflower and okraSlide 10 www.avrdc.org
  • Opportunities for income generation and better access to nutritious food • Target periods of high market prices for a particular crop: – Success of summer tomato • Requires improved varieties and crop management techniques to overcome production constraints – Opportunities for other vegetables • Tropical sweet pepper • Cucumbers • OthersSlide 11 www.avrdc.org
  • Direct and year round access to vegetables and many nutrients 3000 Daily biomass yield (g/ day) of garden produce, Hyderabad model at RCSA 2000 Biomass yield (g/ day) 1000 0 R… 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 10 11 12 10 11 12 10000 Daily vitamin A supply (ug RE/ day) of garden produce, Hyderabad model Vitamin A supply (ug RE/ day) 5000 0 10 11 12 10 11 12 8 9 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 RDASlide 12 www.avrdc.org
  • AVRDC in Bangladesh 1991 – 2006 • Technologies transfer: home garden – Home garden design and training (2159 trainers trained, which led to 46,371 farmers trained in 49 upazilas of 35 districts) – Technologies developed and transferred on household-based seed production, seed processing, seed preservation – Food preparation and home gardening schemes produced to promote the utilizationSlide 13 www.avrdc.org
  • Opportunity : Maximize garden nutrient supplies • Year round access to nutritious food for Bangladeshi households • Home garden transition to market gardenSlide 14 www.avrdc.org
  • http://avrdcnutrition.gtdtestsite.c omoj.com/nutrition/index.php?ta ble_name=AVRDC+NutritionSlide 15 www.avrdc.org
  • Low input processing for nutrient preservation and supply in off season 50 C oven dried leaf powder 80% b-carotene content retained Sweet potato leavesSlide 16 Moringa leaves www.avrdc.org 50 C oven dried leaves
  • Improved food methods, nutrient retention and accessibility; participatory recipe design and promotionSlide 17 www.avrdc.org
  • Nutritional values of vegetables change depending on our decisionsGene Bank Field Plate Human
  • • Nutrient-rich sp • Adapted • Reduced • Diverse diets• Diverse crops varieties nutrient loss • Increased • Good cultural • Improved consumption practices bioavailability Nutritional values Germplasm Plant Food Health •Crop/genetic •G x E •Preparation •Health status diversity •Postharvest •Food habits •Incomes• Low nutrient • Lack of adapted • Severe nutrient • Imbalanced sp/acc varieties loss nutrient intake• Underutilized/ • Poor practices • Low • Low neglected bioavailability consumption