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Dried Fish Production, Consumption and Trade in Bangladesh. By Ben Belton, Mostafa A.R. Hossain, Md. Mofizur Rahman and Shakuntala H. Thilsted.
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Dried Fish Production, Consumption and Trade in Bangladesh. By Ben Belton, Mostafa A.R. Hossain, Md. Mofizur Rahman and Shakuntala H. Thilsted.

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Fish and Nutrition Workshop Day 1 (Technical Session II )

Fish and Nutrition Workshop Day 1 (Technical Session II )

Published in: Education, Business, Technology

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  • 1. Dried fish production, consumption and trade in Bangladesh Ben Belton, Mostafa A.R. Hossain, Md. Mofizur Rahman & Shakuntala H. Thilsted
  • 2. Overview • Why are we interested in dried fish? • Dried fish consumption • An overview of the dried fish sector • Labour in dried fish processing • Trade • Contaminants and food safety • Fish feeds • Conclusion: Where to next?
  • 3. Why are we interested in dried fish? Percentage of households consuming different types of fish within the last 3 days (Belton et al, 2014)
  • 4. Two main forms – dried (shutki), fermented (chapa/shidol)
  • 5. Sold in small quantities (easily divisible, low nominal cost)
  • 6. Mixed with oils, spices and vegetables (carrier of other nutrients)
  • 7. Where is dried fish consumed? Annual consumption of dried fish (g/capita) – figures extracted from IFPRI BIHS dataset
  • 8. Where is dried fish produced?
  • 9. Main marine species about 85% of total production – loytia, churri, phaisha and many others
  • 10. Puti is the most important freshwater species dried – mostly used for production of chapa
  • 11. Fish driers minimize labour costs by employing women, children, some bonded labour, and providing payment in kind
  • 12. There is a substantial trade in dried fish – at least 20% consumed in Bangladesh is imported
  • 13. High value products and fermented products (shidol) are exported for consumption by overseas Bangladeshis and East Asian markets
  • 14. Sharks fins and the stomachs and swim bladders of some large M/FW species are shipped to Hong Kong
  • 15. Pesticide is often used during drying to prevent maggot infestation
  • 16. Insecticides are also used during storage to prevent insect damage
  • 17. Approximately 15% of marine landings which are dried are converted to fish meal
  • 18. Most fish meal is made from bycatch of crabs and fish not fit for human consumption
  • 19. Fish meal production does not directly impact food security, but fishing practices may not be sustainable in the long run
  • 20. Dried fish is a concentrated source of protein, vitamin A and calcium, and is a good source of iron and omega-3 (4kg fresh fish = 1kg dried fish) Dried and fermented fish makes an important contribution to food and nutrition security for consumers in all income groups, but especially important for the poor Conclusions
  • 21. Conclusions • Dried fish production provides livelihoods and incomes for large numbers of poor people with few alternatives • Better information needed to help sustain the sector’s important role with respect to livelihoods and food security • Further efforts required to develop to viable interventions improve working conditions, food safety and fisheries management
  • 22. Thank You