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Innovations for sustainability and resilience in aquatic systems
 

Innovations for sustainability and resilience in aquatic systems

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Presented by Tabeth Chiuta on 18 July, at the 2013 Africa Agriculture Science Week, held in Accra, Ghana.

Presented by Tabeth Chiuta on 18 July, at the 2013 Africa Agriculture Science Week, held in Accra, Ghana.

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  • Four issues I will cover today: The global and African fish “picture” The importance and opportunities for innovation in fish production in Africa The importance of taking a systems approach Partnerships
  • Fish – the predominant ASF
  • Lowest totals for ASF, but highest proportions of fish consumption in Asia and Africa – with greatest scope for growth
  • No surprise then that the largest growth in demand for fish is in Asia and Africa
  • The growing global demand for fish has led to global growth in Aquaculture
  • But this growth has been slow in Africa
  • Egypt however is the exception – with growth from a few 1000 tonnes in the late 1980s to about 1m tonnes today. This shows that growth is possible.
  • Similarly in Ghana we’re now seeing a rapid rise in aquaculture production
  • A number of innovations have supported the global growth in aquaculture - and will do so in future. One of these is development of improved strains. WorldFish has led this with tilapias and this slide shows the genetic gain over several generations in Malaysia. The same thing is now being done in Ghana, Malawi and in Egypt.
  • This investment in genetics needs to be accompanied by investments in other areas of innovations. In Bangladesh WorldFish has been pursuing these with partners as part of the USAID Feed the Future initiative there – with very positive results.
  • The total value of additional sales at farm level reached US$ 92m in the past year
  • This value came from three main systems – two fully commercial and one homestead with a strong focus on women
  • Africa has extensive AAS with large numbers of people living there
  • They use diverse livelihoods – as shown from three systems in the Zambezi basin
  • Recognizing this complexity the CGIAR is taking a systems approach to agricultural research in these aquatic environments
  • In doing so we’re pursuing a research agenda that involves traditional CGIAR research on crop productivity – including fish, but also new innovative research on value chains, resilience and adaptive capacity, gender equality, policies and scaling.
  • As we do so we’ll try to foster synergies between CGIAR programs as we’re doing in Bangladesh already
  • Running through our science agenda we’re pursing a number of cross-cutting areas of innovation – see list. I’ll only highlight three – gender because without it we won’t engage seriously with the steps needed to make lasting progress; and partnerships and capacity development because they’re key to the meetings this week
  • Working especially with NEPAD, FARA and SROs. As we strengthen this, we’ll work with them to decide where we focus our work, develop common systems for knowledge sharing and learning, and work together to build capacity. As part of this work the side event on AAS has designed a FARA platform for innovation and capacity building in AAS.

Innovations for sustainability and resilience in aquatic systems Innovations for sustainability and resilience in aquatic systems Presentation Transcript