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HKI’s Approach to Gender in
Bangladesh
Institutionalizing Gender in Nutrition and Agriculture Interventions
International ...
• Section 1: HKI’s Gender Interventions in Bangladesh
• Section 2: Nurturing Connections Curriculum – A New Integrated Gen...
Photo © HKI / Hannah Taylor
SECTION 1: HKI’s GENDER INTERVENTIONS IN BANGLADESH
3
HKI’s Diabetic Retinopathy programs in Chittagong and Dhaka since 2011
adopted an “Intensive Case Management” (ICM) packag...
To a Gender Transformative Approach…
BEAM (2011-2013) in Nilphamari: has a specific integrated nutrition and
gender interv...
Photo © HKI/ Mushfiq Fahad Ameen
SECTION 2: NURTURING CONNECTIONS CURRICULUM
6
• Inspired by Stepping Stones
– A training package developed by researcher Dr Alice Welburn in Uganda
between 1993-95 to f...
• Behaviour Change is not a rational path: comes from within and requires time to
develop
• Recognises that malnutrition c...
• The “Blocks”
1) Let’s Communicate;
2) Understanding Perceptions and
Gender;
3) Negotiating Power;
4) Acting for Change.
...
SECTION 2: Nurturing Connections CURRICULUM
10
Design of the Activity:
1. Begins with an action or
experience.
2. The acti...
SECTION 2: Nurturing Connections CURRICULUM
11
• Pilot testing the curriculum in Building Equity in Agriculture and
Markets (BEAM) Project
- 3 stakeholders groups: women...
Photo © HKI/ Micaela Arthur
SECTION 3: RESULTS AND LESSONS LEARNT
13
SECTION 3: BEAM BASELINE
14
99%
89%
33%
96% 90%
35%
1%
11%
67%
4% 10%
65%
BL ML EL BL ML EL
you can delay household work s...
SECTION 3: PRELIMINARY RESULTS FROM ENDLINE…
15
33% 97% 1% 45%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
100%
Baseline Endlin...
SECTION 3: PRELIMINARY RESULTS…
16
Figure 2: Proportion of women who received assistance from their husbands
for household...
• Suggestions from HKI’s pilot test:
- The manual is NOT to be seen as a set of activities, separated from
other component...
Photo © HKI/ Jeff Holt
SECTION 4: ADAPTATION AND CONCLUSIONS
18
Training on Homestead fish culture
• Training is primarily focused on the technology and specific knowledge
and skills rel...
UNDERSTANDING OF NUTRITION AND INTRA-HOUSEHOLD POWER
(Flipchart from aquaculture manual, used to guide open discussion)
SE...
• Sharing workloads and benefits
- Do (unequal) power relations within
the household affect the ability of
women to make d...
• HKI has developed a GTA that:
a) Is Innovative: promotes the transformation of discriminating gender
norms and social ha...
THANK YOU
“Although the world is full of suffering, it is also full of overcoming it.”
-Helen Keller
23
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HKI’s Approach to Gender in Bangladesh- Institutionalizing Gender in Nutrition and Agriculture Interventions by Ramona Ridolfi, Gender Advisor, HKI Bangladesh

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Transcript of "HKI’s Approach to Gender in Bangladesh- Institutionalizing Gender in Nutrition and Agriculture Interventions by Ramona Ridolfi, Gender Advisor, HKI Bangladesh"

  1. 1. HKI’s Approach to Gender in Bangladesh Institutionalizing Gender in Nutrition and Agriculture Interventions International Women’s Day, 9th March 2014, Dhaka Ramona Ridolfi, Gender Advisor, HKI Bangladesh rridolfi@hki.org
  2. 2. • Section 1: HKI’s Gender Interventions in Bangladesh • Section 2: Nurturing Connections Curriculum – A New Integrated Gender and Nutrition Package • Section 3: Results and Lessons Learnt • Section 4: Adaptation and Next Steps TABLE OF CONTENTS Presentation overview 2
  3. 3. Photo © HKI / Hannah Taylor SECTION 1: HKI’s GENDER INTERVENTIONS IN BANGLADESH 3
  4. 4. HKI’s Diabetic Retinopathy programs in Chittagong and Dhaka since 2011 adopted an “Intensive Case Management” (ICM) package to work with entire families in identifying and overcoming barriers to women’s healthcare. SECTION 1: HKI’s GENDER INTERVENTION IN BANGLADESH 4 From a “Focus on Women”… Eg: REAL Project (2008-2010) in cyclone Sidr-affected area: livelihood opportunities and assets for extreme poor and widowed women. To Testing Innovative Approaches… Eg: PLB (Project Laser Beam, since 2011) in Satkhira: gender messages in nutrition and courtyard sessions; mid-project assessment for women’s decision-making on child nutrition.
  5. 5. To a Gender Transformative Approach… BEAM (2011-2013) in Nilphamari: has a specific integrated nutrition and gender intervention package that challenges discriminating gender norms in the household which contribute to malnutrition. - Nurturing Connections Manual M2W2 Scale-up (2013-2015): Meaningfully engages men, women and community leaders in planning to improve nutrition and increase women’s access to markets. 1000 Most Critical Days Project (MCDP, 2013-2015): in Khulna District, implemented in partnership with Save the Children, uses Nurturing Connections. SECTION 1: HKI’s GENDER INTERVENTION IN BANGLADESH 5
  6. 6. Photo © HKI/ Mushfiq Fahad Ameen SECTION 2: NURTURING CONNECTIONS CURRICULUM 6
  7. 7. • Inspired by Stepping Stones – A training package developed by researcher Dr Alice Welburn in Uganda between 1993-95 to for HIV prevention through peer and community groups. • Draws on HKI’s previous nutrition interventions – Materials include nutrition and gender integrated activities to empower women and improve their health and that of their children. • Aims to challenge intra-household inequalities that contribute to food insecurity and malnutrition – The curriculum builds skills in communication, assertiveness and problem-solving while discussing nutrition and food security. SECTION 2: Nurturing Connections CURRICULUM 7
  8. 8. • Behaviour Change is not a rational path: comes from within and requires time to develop • Recognises that malnutrition cannot be addressed without challenging unequal gender relations and opening up communication and dialogue about taboo subjects • Recognises the power of group dynamics • Works with both men and women and with different age groups, both separately and together • Uses participatory methodologies that enable all community members, including those who are not literate, in their own peer groups first and then together. SECTION 2: Nurturing Connections CURRICULUM The Nurturing Connections Approach: characteristics 8
  9. 9. • The “Blocks” 1) Let’s Communicate; 2) Understanding Perceptions and Gender; 3) Negotiating Power; 4) Acting for Change. • The “Community Sessions” One at the end of each Block, brings together husbands, FILs, wives and MILs to discuss the main learnings in each Block in a mediated community setting. SECTION 2: Nurturing Connections CURRICULUM 9
  10. 10. SECTION 2: Nurturing Connections CURRICULUM 10 Design of the Activity: 1. Begins with an action or experience. 2. The action is followed by a reflection: “What happened? What does it mean? Why did it happen?” 3. From the reflection we draw a learning and we name it. 4. The learning leads to planning: “Now what? What will we do to change the situation?
  11. 11. SECTION 2: Nurturing Connections CURRICULUM 11
  12. 12. • Pilot testing the curriculum in Building Equity in Agriculture and Markets (BEAM) Project - 3 stakeholders groups: women; husbands/fathers-in law; mothers-in law - 1 session every two weeks (2 hours a fortnight) over a six-month period - 40 producer groups in Nilphamari and Kishoregonj upazilas, randomly chosen - 20 facilitators (some facilitating alone, some in pairs, especially with MILs) SECTION 2: Nurturing Connections CURRICULUM 12
  13. 13. Photo © HKI/ Micaela Arthur SECTION 3: RESULTS AND LESSONS LEARNT 13
  14. 14. SECTION 3: BEAM BASELINE 14 99% 89% 33% 96% 90% 35% 1% 11% 67% 4% 10% 65% BL ML EL BL ML EL you can delay household work sometimes, without being punished your husband's family will support you, if you have a personal problem or difficulty How confident are you that With some difficulty Not at all confident Fairly confident Very confident
  15. 15. SECTION 3: PRELIMINARY RESULTS FROM ENDLINE… 15 33% 97% 1% 45% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Baseline Endline Baseline Endline Child health care family or relatives visit Figure 1: Proportion of women who report having a say in decision making about the given topics.
  16. 16. SECTION 3: PRELIMINARY RESULTS… 16 Figure 2: Proportion of women who received assistance from their husbands for household activities.
  17. 17. • Suggestions from HKI’s pilot test: - The manual is NOT to be seen as a set of activities, separated from other components - Need organizational capacity and commitment - Make it fun and provide refreshments for participants - Maintain a register of participants - When adapting, note important discussions, difficulties - Retrain the facilitators, offer continuous support SECTION 3: LESSONS LEARNT 17
  18. 18. Photo © HKI/ Jeff Holt SECTION 4: ADAPTATION AND CONCLUSIONS 18
  19. 19. Training on Homestead fish culture • Training is primarily focused on the technology and specific knowledge and skills related to using it • Integrate Nurturing Connections to address gender based constraints to adopting and benefiting from the technology, such as around: – Building self-confidence to use the technology – Unequal distribution of fish and its benefits for women and children – Intra-household negotiation over resources needed to use technology, and resulting fish production & income Maintain the approach in peer and community groups SECTION 4: EXAMPLES OF ADAPTATION 19
  20. 20. UNDERSTANDING OF NUTRITION AND INTRA-HOUSEHOLD POWER (Flipchart from aquaculture manual, used to guide open discussion) SECTION 4: EXAMPLES OF ADAPTATION 20 - Indigenous small fish that can be found in ponds e.g. mola, darkina, puti etc. - These fish are rich in vitamin, iron and zinc as well as other minerals - Small fish is an important contribution to meeting the nutrition needs of the family members especially the women and children - Women members for the household can be directly involved in fish culture
  21. 21. • Sharing workloads and benefits - Do (unequal) power relations within the household affect the ability of women to make decisions that suit their preferences (eg: around investments) or allow them to receive benefits in line with their contributions? - Encourage joint work on the pond and in the household and equal sharing of benefits. - Block 3 of Nurturing Connections: “Exploring Power Relations” SECTION 4: EXAMPLES OF ADAPTATION 21
  22. 22. • HKI has developed a GTA that: a) Is Innovative: promotes the transformation of discriminating gender norms and social habits. Nurturing Connections targets all main decision-makers of the household, not just women, with the aim of challenging and changing discriminating social practices. b) Can be adapted for use in different contexts NOTE: Transforming habits and preference around food and care takes effort, research, resources. Behaviour Change, especially around gender, requires time – it involves attitude change. SECTION 4: CONCLUSIONS 22
  23. 23. THANK YOU “Although the world is full of suffering, it is also full of overcoming it.” -Helen Keller 23
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