Walmart's statement about their new seafood sourcing policy is the most significant development to come out of the Boston Seafood Show regarding sustainability of seafood. They have refocused retailers on the FAO guidelines for responsible fishing and aquaculture, and have provided a clear statement of how they will address equivalence of programs. This action will go a long way towards defining the playing field on which seafood certification will thrive and grow, and it opens the way to the evolution of 3rd party sustainability certification programs to eventually include government supported programs, as in Alaska and Iceland, as well. Walmart pledged to require wild caught fisheries to be certified under the MSC program in 2006. That pledge not only caught the attention of other retailers, but catapulted MSC certification, which was already the primary standard in Europe, to being the primary standard acceptable to retailers in the US as well.
Reduce the burden of bureaucratic paperwork and administrative processes
Science Forum Day 2 - Fred Weirowski - Aquaculture certification
Development of Group Certification in Small Scale Aquaculture Science Week 2011 Certification Systems in Aquaculture Work in progress: DOF/FAO TCP Project “Small-scale aquaculture certification in Thailand” 2011
Dwindling market opportunities? Nearly 100 products in the assortment of METRO GROUP comply with the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) requirements Mc Donald US: 100 % of the whitefish used comes from MSC-certified fisheries Starting in October 2011 , the 7,000 McDonald’s across 39 countries that serve 13 million customers daily will serve MSC certified fish sandwich. Sodexo: 100 % of the fresh and frozen produce will have to meet Marine Stewardship Council, or Best Aquaculture Practices standards . Greenpeace Best of Sustainable Seafood Retailers
<ul><li>Certification the way to have access to value chains? </li></ul><ul><li>Have small scale aquaculture farmers to take part ? </li></ul><ul><li>CRP 1.3 How can obstacles to certification of small </li></ul><ul><ul><li>producers be overcome? </li></ul></ul>Group certification Where is the fish coming from? WWF 2009
Certification schemes with group certification in aquaculture <ul><li>IFOAM / FAO // GlobalGAP /Fairtrade </li></ul><ul><li>Legal construction and compliance procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Technical, social , environmental aspects </li></ul><ul><li>Internal quality management control systems </li></ul>No general guidance is existing yet Existing regulations or recommendations are not harmonized
Issues to consider in group certification <ul><li>Which governance level of guidance? National / FAO? </li></ul><ul><li>Definitions (small scale producer, group/, cluster, certification unit) </li></ul><ul><li>National and international legal environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(legal boundaries for third party certification schemes) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chain responsibilities (processors distributors, retailer) </li></ul><ul><li>Social & economic feasibility & sustainability (certification as part of production management) </li></ul><ul><li>Returns of investments </li></ul>
Compliance with leading schemes FAO Guideline Aquaculture Certification IFOAM Guidelines FAO Guideline organic labeling in aquaculture <ul><li>Thai Gap + </li></ul><ul><li>GlobalGAP </li></ul><ul><li>Best Aquaculture Practices </li></ul><ul><li>Certification Management </li></ul><ul><li>(former ACC) (BAP) </li></ul><ul><li>Aquaculture Stewardship Council ASC </li></ul><ul><li>Fairtrade </li></ul>Naturland Soil Association
Further research needed <ul><li>Guarantee model or </li></ul><ul><li>Legal entity model ? </li></ul><ul><li>Social feasibility – Schedule to introduce structures and capacities </li></ul><ul><li>Finance </li></ul>
Guarantee model or Legal entity REDE DE AGROECOLOGIA ECOVIDA Participatory Guarantee System (IFOAM) Cooperative / Society (GlobalGAP , ASC, Fairtrade) <ul><ul><ul><li>Oath, pledge to commit </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Legal registration, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>membership commitment </li></ul></ul></ul>Horizontal, participation of farmers; development of rules within the farmers group, Ethical Council’s Hierarchical functions: board, committees , treasurer etc
Schedule of implementation Sustainable balance between awareness, capacity, social demands and technical needs Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 GOAL Volunteer Farmer Group Farmer Business Group Certified Farmer Business Group Farmer Business Consortium Achievement Matching of farmers and group inception Consolidated formal group, GAP applied 3rd party certification finance Coordinated marketing, collaboration between groups Steps … … … …
<ul><li>“ Certification a burden for producers” </li></ul><ul><li>Financial support from processors ? </li></ul><ul><li>Technical & capacity building support from certifier? </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. Fair trade: Producer Services and Relations Unit </li></ul><ul><li>Liaison Development Department </li></ul><ul><li>Independent finance for smallholders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Certification lowers the risk for SSA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increases the chance to get financed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Producer Certification Fund </li></ul><ul><li>Part of the models to finance </li></ul><ul><li>smallholder enterprises </li></ul>Finance of Group Certification for small scale aquaculture farmers
Participatory Guarantee System PGS built on a foundation of trust, social networks and knowledge exchange. Models without legal entity Processor Mangement Retailer Contracted retailer , who agree with Organic certification scheme No legal entity but pledge To comply with organic production rules might be cooperative for marketing Ethical committee Internal farmer to farmer audits
Legal entity models Strictly regulations Environmental Social (community) Fairtrade and NACSA favor smallholders
National or international Standards and CS guidelines <ul><li>Is this a way out or a way to more confusion? </li></ul><ul><li>National support – national standards developed and authorized and implemented about extension services by national governments – </li></ul><ul><li>Not international acknowledged from retailers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Issues: independency, transparency, non 3 rd party certification </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aquaculture certification should include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-stakeholders participation, consensus and performance based. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>focused on key impacts from aquaculture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>if possible, local/regional certifiers should be used. </li></ul></ul>
<ul><li>Voluntary certification is a business decision by the involved farmer or farmer group have to make taking into consideration costs and benefits. </li></ul><ul><li>Is there a premium price, is there a market and can it be accessed after certification? </li></ul><ul><li>There is already a tendency that better farmers are seeking certification to "document" they are better. </li></ul><ul><li>Looking at markets it should be noted that it is expected that the demand for fisheries products will rise by 40 million tonnes in 2030. </li></ul><ul><li>It can only be recommended to get certified if there really is a clear market demand </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul><ul><li>If certification of aquaculture products target true sustainability the approaches used for </li></ul><ul><li>It might be a solution to certify areas instead of only individual farms and hence make sustainability and certification a shared responsibility. </li></ul><ul><li>FAO </li></ul>
CRP 3.7 Consolidating emerging lessons on how to apply business development services to stimulate small‐scale agri‐business (e.g., …certification schemes..) Would attaining certification significantly reduce the incidence of trade related shocks? What other steps can be taken improve quality and value? CRP 1.3Strategies are also needed for developing effective public‐private partnerships with the local and international commercial sector to provide commercial services appropriately formulated for pro‐poor value chains… CRP 4 Subcomponent 1: Improving food safety
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