Cambodia: Overview of Fish on Farms Project. By Chin Da, FiA and Lek Sophat.


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Fish and Nutrition Workshop Day 2 (Country Presentations - Cambodia)

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Cambodia: Overview of Fish on Farms Project. By Chin Da, FiA and Lek Sophat.

  1. 1. Overview of Fish on Farms project Production and sustainable management of nutrient-rich small fish (SIS) in ponds and wetlands for improved nutrition in South Asia March 1-3, 2014, Bangladesh Chin Da, FiA and Lek Sophat, HKI
  2. 2. BACKGROUND: FOOD SECURITY AND CAMBODIA HEALTH STATUS Cambodia is RICE secure  5% of children <5 years die 30% due to undernutrition 40% of children <5 years are stunted 55% of children <5 years are anemic 44% of women are anemic
  3. 3. OBJECTIVE To demonstrate the effectiveness of HFP with and without aquaculture using a cluster- randomized controlled trial
  4. 4. STUDY DESIGN: VILLAGE MODEL FARM AS A CLUSTER VMF F Cluster 1 village model farm 10 village Farmers
  5. 5. STUDY DESIGN: (N=960 HOUSEHOLDS) Total = 960 Beneficiaries n=30 n=30 n=30 Comparison Arm
  6. 6. STUDY DESIGN Represented by a woman Fall within the “poor” category Have access to land Have a child <5 years of age Have suitable land for pond Household Inclusion Criteria:
  7. 7. TARGET POPULATIONS IN 4 INTERVENTION DISTRICTS Mesang Svay Anthor Kamchay Mear Ba Phnom Total 3 VMF owner 26 VMFs owners 17 VMFs owners 14 VMFs owners 60 VMF owner 6 VHVs 52 VHVs 37 VHVs 28 VHVs 120 VHVs 30 HHs 260 target Households 170 target Households 140 target Households Total 600 4 commune counselors 28 commune counselors 20 commune counselors 20 commune counselors 72 commune counselors
  8. 8. INDICATORS SHORT TERM OUTCOME – DIETARY INTAKE MEDIUM TERM OUTCOME – BIOCHEMICALASSESSMENT LONG TERM OUTCOME – ANTHROPOMETRICS • 24 hour recall on mother and youngest child under five • Measurement of nutritional composition of fish • Hemoglobin • Ferritin/ CRP • Transferrin saturation • Hemoglobinopathies • Vitamin B12 • Retinol Binding Protein • Thiamin and riboflavin • Zinc • Fatty acids Only on 450 women Hemo cue on children • Height • Weight • Stunting • Wasting • Study will not be long enough to assess changes 9
  9. 9. OTHER COMPONENTS Environment BCC Hygiene and Sanitation Fisheries Technology (mixed pond aquaculture) Gender Cost/Benefit
  11. 11. TRAINING AT DIFFERENT LEVELS  Training of Trainers (ToT) on HFP + Aquaculture + Gender + marketing: 30 participants (FiA, HKI WFC, ODOV, PDA, POA, and DOA  Training of VMF owners: 30 VMFs on HFP + Gender + marketing  Training of 30 VMFs on HFP + Aquaculture + marketing  Training of Trainers (ToT) on nutrition BCC + Gender: 20 participants (NNP, ODOV, PHD and ODs)  Training of VHVs on nutrition BCC + Gender: 120 VHVs  Training of HHs on HFP + marketing + nutrition: 300 HHs  Training of HHs on HFP + aquaculture + marketing + nutrition: 300 HHs  Produced poster, video and lessons learned (Bulatin,
  12. 12. PROGRESS TO DATE Group 1 (Fish + HFP): Established 360 ponds (300 HH and 60HH in 30 VMFs) Established 30 VMFs and 300 HH farms for veg + fruit production All the ponds are producing fish (both small + large) and all VMF + HH are producing veg+fruits Group 2 (HFP): Establish 30 VMFs and 300 HH farms. All are functioning and continuing production of veg & fruit Group 3 (Control group)
  13. 13. FISH SAMPLE COLLECTION ANALYSIS • Three (3) species of small and three (3) species of Esomus metallicu , Trichopsis vittata, Ambly pharyngodon,Silver barb, Roho and Mrigal • Fish Feed: Rice bran, termite, duck weed, morning glory, cooked rice, broken rice + commercial feed
  14. 14. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT (EIA)  HKI conducted Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) in consultation with IDRC and UBC by the external consultant  First EIA conducted on July 2012  The Consultant has conducted a thorough environmental assessment at each of the 330 HHs scheduled to receive new or renovated ponds for fish cultivation.  Soil stability and groundwater quality and soil types were examined at all proposed sites  Findings: Environmental impacts are minor and can be effectively and efficiently mitigated within the existing framework of the project. It is recommended to proceeds to its next phase
  15. 15. GENDER RESEARCH Gender analysis – Quantitative and Qualitative N= 960 Households Unequal Decision Making Influence • Women manage household finances • Women are not equal in expenditure decision making • Women want men to respect their opinions • Women want greater influence over decisions
  16. 16. GENDER STRATEGY Developed key messages for each goal Integrated key messages into trainings & workshops • Marketing, homestead food production, nutrition Including men in education sessions Adding training sessions on: – Alcohol, health and financial costs – Violence and women’s rights – Joint financial budgeting – “Head of household” and decision-making – Assertiveness
  17. 17. CONDUCTED TOT ON BEHAVIOR CHANGE AND COMMUNICATION (BCC) Hired a consultant for 10 days 16 participants from NNP/MoH, NGO, FiA, MoEYS, UBC and HKI gained significant knowledge and skills from this training Training manual and curriculum for Health Workers/VHVs on ENA/BCC was finalized and used for the Fish on Farms project Nutrition action plan for the Fish on Farm project was developed during this ENA/BCC training
  18. 18. VILLAGE FISH HATCHERY ESTABLISHMENT • Start in April for: – Conducted assessment for selection of hatchery farmer and land – Fish pond construction – Fish hatchery construction • Start in June for: – Conducting training for the hatchery farmer – Fish seed production (3 species) – More than 100,000 fingerling produced • Start in September for: – Distribution 60,000 fish – Other 50,000 fish sold to other village farmers and kept for GO
  19. 19. ESTABLISHED HATCHERY FOR FINGERLING PRODUCTION  Established the hatchery with good active participation and interested from community  This is a sustainable source of fingerlings supply for FoF project
  20. 20. VILLAGE FISH SEED PRODUCTION OF VMF Species produced Number produced (heads) Distributed to Project farmers (heads) Sold to other famers (heads) Fingerlings remained (heads) Silver barb 55,000 42,000 10,000 3,000 Mrigal (1time) 40,000 18,000 2,000 20,000 Roho (1time) 15,000 0 2,000 13,000 Total 110,000 60,000 14,000 36,000
  21. 21. QUICK ASSESSMENT FROM FOF HOUSEHOLD REGISTER Collected data from 60 HH and 5 VMF ponds  Amount of large fish harvested 10-13 kg in last month  Amount of large fish consumed 7-9 kg in last month  Amount of small fish harvested 3-4 kg in last month  Amount of small fish consumed 2.5-3 kg in last month  Average weight of large fish was 125-250 g
  22. 22. MATERIAL PRODUCE 23 Methods of prevention and improvement of fish ponds turbidity water Advantage of SIS and methods of Cooking
  23. 23. MATERIAL PRODUCE Bio-Resources in village for household fish culture
  27. 27. 28 Fish pond and garden Household pond
  29. 29. LESSON LEARNED  Project farmers have changed behavior of SIS consumption, they have understood the SIS is more micronutrient-rich fish than large fish  SIS production is most simple techniques for rural farmers to produce from their owned earthen fish ponds  Partial harvesting of SIS is to increase SIS production  Green water quality and shelter of aquatic plants in fish pond are appropriate techniques to increase SIS production  Village Fish Hatchery Farm is most important demonstration to supply fingerlings to the village farmers and is sustainable ways for project activities as well. 30
  30. 30. CHALLENGES DURING THE LAST ONE YEAR Staff dropped out (ODOV, WFC and HKI) Village and HH selection process Study design expanded the program area Maintained water level during the dry season Migration of the targeted beneficiaries
  31. 31. WAY FORWARD Continue the existing project for 5 months more Huge opportunities for scaling up Link with micro-credit organizations/Institutions Link with Private sector enterprise  Advocacy to integrate with the strategic planning framework for fisheries 2010-2019 (FiA-MAFF) and commune planning Policy and strategy advocacy for small scale aquaculture/polyculture  Include WASH component  Multiple Options for food production Scale up with HKI’s existing Food production Program in Cambodia and other parts of Asia and Africa
  32. 32. Fish on Farm Project is implemented by Helen Keller International (HKI) And University of British Columbia (UBC) in collaboration with Fisheries Administration, MAFF World Fish Center Organization to Develop Our Villages
  33. 33. Project undertaken with the financial support of the International Development Research Centre (IDRC),, and the Government of Canada, provided through Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada (DFATD),”
  34. 34. Thanks you so much 35