Agricultural Research for Improved Nutrition in Zambia
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Agricultural Research for Improved Nutrition in Zambia

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Improved nutrition in Zambia – the role of agricultural research

Improved nutrition in Zambia – the role of agricultural research

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  • 1. Agricultural Research forImproved Nutrition in Zambia UNZA, SCHOOL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES 20/03/2012
  • 2. UNZA RESEARCH STRUCTURE DIRECTORATE OF RESEARCH INSTITUTE AST DEAN DIRECTORATES RESEARCH SCHOOL RES. RESEARCH 2
  • 3. SCHOOL OF AGRICLUTURAL SCIENCE RESEARCHABLE AREASThe research activities in the school are involved at Academic, Postgraduate, Graduate and Public and collaborative• Crop improvement (Varietal development)• Livestock production and improvement• Food and Nutrition Security• Development and the study of technologies to increase productivityOur research has national, regional and international relevance. 3
  • 4. Nutrition Programme– Local small fish nutrient composition and impact on malnutrition in various forms (collaborative between WFC, FAO, EU, MAL, KKACF nutrition project, )– Characterization and nutrient composition of edible plants of Zambia (USAID-ARCH Project, NFNC, MOH, VSO)– Chemical and functional Characterization of edible plant anti-oxidants Ph.D. research.– Food quality, safety and utilization in a value chain cassava research and development in a south-north Private and Public sector collaboration 4
  • 5. ZERO IN ON SMALL FISH SUN1000 CRITICAL DAYS OF LIFE• Fish rich in both macro and micro nutrients• Good quality proteins (16-28%) and fats• Essential fats (Omega-3 human effective, Vitamins and minerals (0.25-25.0%) necessary for repair and maintenance• Proteins with a digestibility of 85-95% with amino acids comparable to milk and egg. 5
  • 6. Opportunity for SUN1000 IN ZAMBIA• Zambia is home and allows passage to the sea of 40% Africa’s fresh water• 65% of her population is rural, an opportunity to Aquaculture• Various species of small fish grow on their own• Fish is most consumed animal protein 6
  • 7. Estimated kapenta and chisense production (metric tons)Fishery Kapenta ChisenseTanganyika 11,000Kariba 30,000Cahora Bassa 12,000(Mozambique)Mweru-Luapula 35,000Mweru-Wa-Ntipa 2,000Bangweulu 10,000TOTAL 53,000 47,000
  • 8. Selected nutrient contents of kapenta and chisense in ZambiaNutrients Chisense Kapenta Kapenta from Lake from Lake from Lake Mweru-wa- Tanganyika Kariba NtipaCalcium (mg kg-1 dry wt) 23,900 23,600 31,000Iron (mg kg-1 dry wt) 79.1 159.0 101.0Zinc (mg kg-1 dry wt) 140.0 110.0 156.0Retinol (μg kg-1 x 102) 32 8 22α-tocopherol (μg kg-1 x 102) 186 101 155Thiamine (mg kg-1 dry wt) 1.7 2.3 1.6Niacin (mg kg-1 dry wt) 137.0 216.0 152.0Pyridoxin (mg kg-1 dry wt) 3.8 3.2 3.6Protein (g kg-1 dry wt) 702 669 731Source: Adapted from Steiner-Asiedu et al 1993
  • 9. 24 Hour Food Intake Recall of Foods Consumed During the DayMajor Food Item Clients count recall Total count Nasenga Moomba Chawama ChelstonSweet potatoes + 36 6 12 1 16teaBuns /bread/fritters 50 2 9 5 34+ teaNshima/ vegetables 118 38 40 4 36Nshima with fish 34 5 6 4 11Nshima and 14 2 1 - 11chickenNshima + pork 6 - 2 - 4Nshima + beef 27 - 5 - 22Porridge /nuts 13 4 4 1 1Nothing 22 7 11 - 3 10
  • 10. Chisense Measured at market
  • 11. Research Done So Far (UNZA/WFC/FAO/EU/SIDA)• Desk study on fish consumption among the nutritionally challenges and poor H/H• Baseline study on nutritional status, food security and fish consumption of People Living With HIV/AIDS in Zambia (WFC, UNZA)• Chisense Res. GOAL: To contribute to improved food and nutrition security among the poor in Zambia• Aquaculture for Food Security, Poverty Alleviation and Nutrition: Make a case study for Zambia. FAO/WFC/EUFunds limited on all of them to conduct a statistically informed nutrition study for inference and no practical feeding 12
  • 12. QUICK CHISENSE RESEARCH WINS SUN1000 & Feed the FutureTargeted small fish research:• Composition of Chisense- critical nutrients• Improving yields, quality, shelf life• Cooked with other foods (vegetables and porridges)• Dev products for after weaning (6-24 month) and mother’s pregnancy and B/feeding• Staple Crop context - Can we invest a little in nutrition diversification 13