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The study sought to determine the challenges that influence adoption and utilization of Information and Communication Technology in public secondary schools in Kenya. The study adopted a descripto-explanatory research design covering a stratified sample of 84 respondents drawn from 30 public secondary schools in Molo Sub-County. Data was collected by use of questionnaires and was later analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistical analysis tools. According to the study findings, financial limitations (91.1%) was found to be the most important factor influencing ICT adoption and utilization with a correlation coefficient of 0.53 at 0.000 significance level. The study recommends that, the Government should allocate specific budget for ICT Integration in schools, initiate liberalization of telecommunications policies, lower taxes as well as encourage multi-partnership that involves donors, private companies (usually ICT based), NGOs and religious bodies to work together to garner resources and set priorities for ICT in education projects.