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Halloween 4
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Transcript

  • 1. Happy Halloween
  • 2. Origin of Halloween ◆ Originated from the Celtic festival of Samhain 2,000 years ago ◆ This day marked the end of summer and the harvest and the beginning of the dark, cold winter, a time of year that was often associated with human death. ◆ On the night of October 31 the Celts believed that the ghosts of the dead returned to earth
  • 3. Pumpkins ◆ Jack o'lanterns also originated from the Celts On All Hallows Eve, the ancient Celtic culture would carve turnips and place a hot ember inside to ward off evil spirits ◆
  • 4. Punkins
  • 5. Costumes ◆ During the celebration, the Celts wore costumes, typically consisting of animal heads and skins, and attempted to tell each other's fortunes ◆ This is why we wear costumes today
  • 6. Classic Costumes
  • 7. Scaring ◆ Because the Celts associated All Hallows Eve with human death we evolved Halloween to be a scary holiday ◆ We celebrate this by decorating our house, watching scary movies, and going “haunted” houses
  • 8. Movies
  • 9. Trick-or-Treating ◆ Halloween custom of trick-or-treating on October 31 and the Medieval practices of "mumming" and "going a-souling" on All Souls Day. Mumming took the form of souling entailed going door to door and offering prayers for the dead in exchange for treats, particularly "soul cakes."
  • 10. Candy
  • 11. Friday 13th ◆ According to historians, on Friday, October 13th, 1307; King Philip IV of France ordered the killing of thousands of the Knights Templar on accusations of heresy, resulting in the executions of more than a hundred of the Crusades warriors. ◆ The theory of this as the superstition's origin appeared in Dan Brown's novel "The Da Vinci Code."
  • 12. Friday 13th ◆ The Knights Templar cross has four equal sides, standing for equality between male and female, unlike the Christian cross
  • 13. Spiders
  • 14. Citations http://www.history.com/topics/halloween http://www.history.com/topics/jack-olantern-history http://www.history.com/topics/history-of-trick-or-treating http://www.thetruthaboutdavinci.com/faq/october-13-friday.html