Visual Dictionary-workability


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Visual Dictionary-workability

  1. 1. Visual Dictionary
  2. 2. Air barrier paper Air barrier paper is used to help prevent the passage of air through the exterior walls as well as add and extra level of water proofing while drying in the house.
  3. 3. Soffit vent Its needed to allow air to flow into the attic space below the roof sheathing.
  4. 4. Ridge Vent
  5. 5. Gable vent A gable vent allows the excess heat and humidity to escape from the attic space.
  6. 6. Roof turbine
  7. 7. Backhoe An excavator with a bucket on a hinged boom usually attached to the back of a front end Loader. Used to excavate and dig if equipped with the front end loader it can also be used to move the excavated earth. The bucket on this one is a two foot wide bucket.
  8. 8. Batter Boards Temporary frames built outside an excavation and used to transfer marks for the foundation of a building.
  9. 9. Brick arch #1 Roman arch
  10. 10. Brick arch #2 Segmental arch
  11. 11. Brick arch with keystone Keystone
  12. 12. Brick bond #1 Flemish bond The Flemish bond is created by alternating headers and stretchers in a single course.
  13. 13. Brick bond #2 Running bond The running bond is created by laying stretchers only.
  14. 14. Rowlocks
  15. 15. Headers
  16. 16. Soldiers
  17. 17. Sailors
  18. 18. Stretcher rowlocks
  19. 19. Brick size #1 Modular brick 3 5/8”x2 ¼”x7 5/8”
  20. 20. Brick size #2 Norman brick 3 5/8”x 2 ¼”x 11 5/8”
  21. 21. Bulldozer The bulldozer has a large flat blade that is used to move earth. It runs on tracks and is used to move earth and clearing sites of debris and other material.
  22. 22. Brick Clad Structure
  23. 23. EFIS Clad Structure
  24. 24. Stone clad structure Random Ashlar pattern
  25. 25. Wood board clad structure
  26. 26. wood shingle- a thin piece of wood laid in overlapping rows to cover the walls and roofs of buildings. wood shakes – are split from wood blocks and are less uniform than shingles. Wood shingles
  27. 27. Egress from a bedroom window 31”x 26 ½” Area=5.7sq ft Sill is 2’ AFF Code- min of 24” tall and 20”wide no more than 44” AFF and a min of 5sq ft on ground floor. Exceeds all Requirements.
  28. 28. stairs Treads=10” Risers=7 ¾” Code states a min of 10” tread and 7 ¾” risers. Meets the basic requirements for tread and risers.
  29. 29. Control joint A control joint is some form of weakness made into the structure that encourages a crack to Occur there and minimize cracking elsewhere.
  30. 30. Isolation joint This isolation joint is isolating the two slabs from each other and the one slab from the wall.
  31. 31. 3brick = 1 cmu
  32. 32. Concrete masonry unit Cmu- a block of concrete with or without hollow cores, designed to be laid the same way as brick. They are cheap and easy to work with and can be used for many purposes.
  33. 33. 33 Split block
  34. 34. Ribbed block
  35. 35. Exterior flush door
  36. 36. Panel stile Top rail Lock rail Bottom rail Exterior panel door
  37. 37. Transom A small window directly above a door.
  38. 38. Sidelight Tall window along the side of a door.
  39. 39. Power pole with transformer A transformer changes the voltage of the of the current in the wires before the current gets to the house.
  40. 40. Service head This is where the electricity goes from the service lines to the meter base.
  41. 41. Meter This monitors the amount of electricity being used by the house.
  42. 42. Service panel This is where all the power is controlled through breakers. Older houses will have fuses not Breakers.
  43. 43. Duplex receptacle This is where an appliance is connected to the electrical current.
  44. 44. Framing element #1 Anchor Bolt
  45. 45. Framing element #2 Sill Plate
  46. 46. Framing element #3 Floor joists
  47. 47. Framing element #4 Subflooring
  48. 48. Framing element #5 Sole Plate
  49. 49. Framing element #6 Stud
  50. 50. Framing element #7 Top Plate
  51. 51. Framing element #8 Ceiling joist
  52. 52. Framing element #9 Rafter
  53. 53. Framing element #10 Roof Decking
  54. 54. Framing element #11 Sheathing
  55. 55. Framing element #12 Stringer
  56. 56. Front End loader Its used mainly to move of load dirt, debris, and other various materials. You do not use it to dig of blade like with a backhoe or bulldozer.
  57. 57. Gypsum board Interior facing panel consisting of a gypsum core and paper faces. Also known as drywall or sheetrock.
  58. 58. One advantage of a heat pump is that they are more efficient than other applications. One disadvantage of a heat pump is they have a higher up front cost than other applications. Compressor/condenser Air handling unit The compressor compresses the refrigerant to a highly cooled liquid state where it flows through the evaporator coils cooling the air. The air handling unit distributes the air throughout the building whether it be cool or warm air. This is where many of the filters are and the duct work is connected to.
  59. 59. Insulation – is used to help slow heat transfer. It is to keep the heat out in the summer and in in the winter. Batt or Blanket insulation
  60. 60. Insulation – is used to help slow heat transfer. It is to keep the heat out in the summer and in in the winter. Loose fill insulation
  61. 61. Insulation – is used to help slow heat transfer. It is to keep the heat out in the summer and in in the winter.
  62. 62. Insulation – is used to help slow heat transfer. It is to keep the heat out in the summer and in in the winter. Rigid Board insulation
  63. 63. Lintel Lintel- a beam that carries the load of a wall across a window or door opening.
  64. 64. Mortar joint #1 It is a 3/8” tooled concave joint its used on a brick clad building with type N mortar.
  65. 65. Mortar joint #2 It is a ½” flush troweled joint used on a brick clad building I think its type M or S mortar.
  66. 66. Oriented strand board A nonveneered panel product consisting of long strands of wood fiber bonded together under pressure in specific directions.
  67. 67. Lavatory 1 ½” piping used to drain lavatory
  68. 68. Water Closet Drained by a 3” line.
  69. 69. Manufactured shower
  70. 70. Plumbing roof vent Its venting the sewer gas off the line and allowing air into the line to prevent the lines from pulling a vacuum on the lines.
  71. 71. Kitchen sink This sink is a drop in sink
  72. 72. Plywood Plywood- a wood panel product composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer bonded together under pressure . Veneer-a thin layer, sheet, or facing.
  73. 73. Radiant barrier
  74. 74. rebar #7 DIA. 7/8” Deformation-a change in the shape of a structure or structural element caused by a load or force acting on that structure.
  75. 75. Gutter A channel that catches the rain water and snowmelt from the roof and carries it to a downspout.
  76. 76. Downspout This is a vertical pipe that allows the water to travel from a higher level to a lower level.
  77. 77. Splash block A device at the bottom of a downspout that is used to divert the water away from the downspout.
  78. 78. Underlayment Underlayment- a layer of waterproof material such as building felt between roof sheathing and roofing. Its helping to prevent moisture from entering the roof decking.
  79. 79. Clay tile roof
  80. 80. Wood shingle roof shingle-a small unit of water-resistant material nailed in overlapping fashion with many other such units to render a wall or sloping roof watertight.
  81. 81. Metal panel roof The typical is galvanized
  82. 82. Gable roof
  83. 83. Gambrel roof
  84. 84. Hip roof
  85. 85. Mansard roof
  86. 86. Ridge The level intersection of two roof planes in a gable roof.
  87. 87. Valley A trough formed by the intersection of two roofs.
  88. 88. Eave The horizontal edge at the low side of a sloping roof.
  89. 89. Rake The sloping edge of a steep roof.
  90. 90. Soffit The under surface of a horizontal element of a building.
  91. 91. Fascia The exposed vertical face of an eave.
  92. 92. Building without fascia
  93. 93. Random rubble pattern
  94. 94. Coursed rubble pattern
  95. 95. Random ashlar pattern
  96. 96. Coursed ashlar pattern
  97. 97. Vapor retarder It is helping to prevent the passage of water vapor from the ground to the house.
  98. 98. Waterproofing
  99. 99. Weep hole A small opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a building component or assembly.
  100. 100. Weld wire fabric Grid measurements are 6”x 6”
  101. 101. Window # 1 Single hung window It is a single hung window because it only has one operable sash.
  102. 102. Window # 2 Casement window It is a casement window because it pivots on a axis at or near a vertical edge of a sash.
  103. 103. Window # 3 Double hung window It’s a double hung window because it has two operable sashes.
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