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El Mundo Hispano


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  • Implications that the people we call the Maya may have migrated from North America to the highlands of Guatemala perhaps as long ago as 2600 b.c. living an agricultural, village-based life.
  • Transcript

    • 1. El Mundo Hispano
    • 2. Cuba La República Dominicana Puerto Rico México y la América Central La América del Sur España Las Antillas
    • 3. México y la América Central México Guatemala El Salvador Honduras Nicaragua Costa Rica Panamá
    • 4. The Mayan Society
    • 5. Geography
      • Eastern third(3 rd ) of Mesoamerica ( Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, El Salvador); Yucatan Peninsula
    • 6. Geography Cont. - Lowlands
    • 7. Mayan History – Classical Period
      • Advancement of the society
      • Society became more complex
      • Lowlands were true cities
    • 8. Mayan History Cont. – Classical Period
      • Sophisticated method of food production
      • Pollen records show crops that were cultivated
    • 10. Murals, a form of painting on a wall or rock surface, have a long and special history in Mexico.
    • 11.
      • Some murals date back to 1000 B.C.
      • Elaborate murals adorned the temples and sacred places in the cities. They told the stories of the gods and goddesses and showed important ceremonies and scenes from everyday life.
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    • 19.
      • Centuries later, after the Mexican Revolution, during the 1920s and 1930s another “muralist movement” began.
      • New artists used murals to educate the illiterate population of their history and culture.
      • These murals can now be found throughout Mexico, on the walls of government buildings, and on structures in large cities.
    • 20. Muralist Diego Rivera in front of one of his murals on a government building.
    • 21. Diego Rivera
    • 22. Diego Rivera
    • 23. “Tenochtitlan Marketplace” Muralist: Diego Rivera
    • 24. “Conquest” Muralist: Jose Clemente Orozco
    • 25. “Hidalgo” Muralist: Jose Clemente Orozco
    • 26. “Juarez and the Fall of the Empire” Muralist: Jose Clemente Orozco
    • 27. “ Revolution Against Porfirio Diaz” David Siqueiros                                          
    • 28. “The Trench” Muralist: Jose Clemente Orozco
    • 29.  
    • 30. Modern Mexican American Murals Check This Out!
    • 31.  
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    • 33.
      • Your assignment:
      • Create a mural of your own life.
      • Include significant events, images and pictures that will make it symbolic of your own personal culture and history.
      • Make it colorful and meaningful.
    • 34. México México D.F. (La Ciudad de México) mexicano
    • 35. La Ciudad de Guatemala Guatemala guatemalteco
    • 36. San Salvador El Salvador salvadoreño
    • 37. Tegucigalpa Honduras hondureño
    • 38. Managua Nicaragua nicarag ü ense
    • 39. San José Costa Rica costarricense
    • 40. La Ciudad de Panamá Panamá panameño
    • 41. La América del Sur Venezuela Colombia Ecuador Perú Bolivia Paraguay Chile Uruguay La Argentina
    • 42.  
    • 43. Painters: Eduardo Kingman & Camilio Egas, have indigenous backgrounds and have used indigenous subjects to portray suffering and oppression. Oswaldo Guayasamin – most controversial and best known, his works portray social or political protest but often with rather ugly depictions of indigenous people. One portion of his mural in the Congress building in Quito shows a skeleton wearing a helmet that says the letters CIA, meaning the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. This created a huge argument. The U. AS. Ambassador called for the letters to be painted out, and there was a discussion about cutting aid to Ecuador, but in the end the painting remained.
    • 44. Literature: Mario Vargas Llosa – novelist born in 1936 is one of the most famous Peruvians of recent times. He studied at San Marcos Univesity in Lima. His themes are based on his life in Peru. Conversation in the Cathedral is his most well known work. In 1990 he tried to become elected President of Peru. After being defeated he left to be in Spain. Peruvian writer Mario Vargas Llosa is so many things he is best described as a modern-day Renaissance man. Politician, playwright, art, film and literature critic and essayist, he is perhaps best known as one of a handful of novelists that have brought contemporary Latin American literature to the forefront internationally.
    • 45. Sc ulptor: Jose Belloni – enormous images of work animals Jose Luis Zorilla de San Martin – images of local things & people Painters 19 th century: Pedro Figari – also vice-president in 190 4; painted landscapes and everyday life Joaquin Torres Garcia – constructivism – abstract art that used materials such as glass and metal Painters contemporary: Carlos Paez Vilaro – painted a mural “The Roots of Peace” on the walls of the Pan American Union tunnel in Washington, 1960 Jose Belloni
    • 46. Painters: Leonor Fini: Born in Buenos Aires in 1907 of an Italian mother and Argentinian father whom she never knew, Drawing was an important part of her life and her extraordinary draughtsmanship is marked by rapid, vibrant, sharply incisive strokes of a fine pen. Leonor was a born story-teller, both in conversation and in the many tales, memoir-fragments, prose-poems and three "novels" that she wrote beginning in the early seventies. Jose Maria Villafuerte – paints in the style, vintage racecars, born in 1954 in Buenos Aires Influences in dance and song come from Native American, Spanish, Gaucho folk music, Portenos. Classical composers: Alberto Williams and Carlos Lopez Buchardo Pato – a national game orginally from the gauchos (dangerous then) Literature: Jorge Luis Borges – world famous short stories are strange and written in magical realism, influential http://
    • 47. Poets: 2 Nobel Prize winners for literature Gabriela Mistral – a school teacher who wrote lyric poetry about lost love and everyday country people The Nobel Prize in Literature 1945 "for her lyric poetry which, inspired by powerful emotions, has made her name a symbol of the idealistic aspirations of the entire Latin American world" Gabriela Mistral (pen-name of Lucila Godoy y Alcayaga) Chile b. 1889 d. 1957                                                                                                                                                           
    • 48. Gabriela Mistral – Banquet Speech (Translation) Gabriela Mistral's speech at the Nobel Banquet at the City Hall in Stockholm, December 10, 1945 Today Sweden turns toward a distant Latin American country to honour it in the person of one of the many exponents of its culture. It would have pleased the cosmopolitan spirit of Alfred Nobel to extend the scope of his protectorate of civilization by including within its radius the southern hemisphere of the American continent. As a daughter of Chilean democracy, I am moved to have before me a representative of the Swedish democratic tradition, a tradition whose originality consists in perpetually renewing itself within the framework of the most valuable creations of society. The admirable work of freeing a tradition from deadwood while conserving intact the core of the old virtues, the acceptance of the present and the anticipation of the future, these are what we call Sweden, and these achievements are an honour to Europe and an inspiring example for the American continent. The daughter of a new people, I salute the spiritual pioneers of Sweden, by whom I have been helped more than once. I recall its men of science who have enriched its national body and mind. I remember the legion of professors and teachers who show the foreigner unquestionably exemplary schools, and I look with trusting love to those other members of the Swedish people: farmers, craftsmen, and workers. At this moment, by an undeserved stroke of fortune, I am the direct voice of the poets of my race and the indirect voice for the noble Spanish and Portuguese tongues. Both rejoice to have been invited to this festival of Nordic life with its tradition of centuries of folklore and poetry. May God preserve this exemplary nation, its heritage and its creations, its efforts to conserve the imponderables of the past and to cross the present with the confidence of maritime people who overcome every challenge. My homeland, represented here today by our learned Minister Gajardo, respects and loves Sweden, and it has sent me here to accept the special honour you have awarded to it. Chile will treasure your generosity among her purest memories.                                                                                                                          
    • 49. The Nobel Prize in Literature 1971 "for a poetry that with the action of an elemental force brings alive a continent's destiny and dreams" Pablo Neruda (pen-name of Neftalí Ricardo Reyes Basoalto) Chile b. 1904 d. 1973 a committed Communist, wrote about hunger, poverty, and the plight of factory workers                                                                                         
    • 50. Pablo Neruda Nobel Diploma Artist: Gunnar Brusewitz Calligrapher: Kerstin Anckers
    • 51. Painters & Sculptors: Alejandro Otero & Jesus Soto are both of the 20 th century and work with Kinetic art forms or moving sculpture Carlos Raul Villaneuba - architect                        
    • 52. Fernando Botero – paints recognizable round figures; it is said the people in his paintings are always fat. Many of the scenes he paints are form everyday contemporary life in Colombia and Latin America. At times he includes a wry look at military and political figures. He is also a sculptor, these can be seen in parks and squares in Colombia, U.S., and Europe. Artists: Alejandro Obregon: regarded by many as the father of modern painting in Colombia. His images are mainly of animals, birds, plants, which reflect his environment; also he is known for his semiabstract landscapes inspired by the coast
    • 53. Literature: Gabriel Garcia Marquez The Nobel Prize in Literature 1982 "for his novels and short stories, in which the fantastic and the realistic are combined in a richly composed world of imagination, reflecting a continent's life and conflicts" Gabriel García Márquez Colombia b. 1928 Gabriel García Márquez was born in 1928 in the small town of Aracataca, situated in a tropical region of northern Colombia, between the mountains and the Caribbean Sea. He grew up with his maternal grandparent - his grandfather was a pensioned colonel from the civil war at the beginning of the century. He went to a Jesuit college and began to read law, but his studies were soon broken off for his work as a journalist. In 1954 he was sent to Rome on an assignment for his newspaper, and since then he has mostly lived abroad - in Paris, New York, Barcelona and Mexico - in a more or less compulsory exile. Besides his large output of fiction he has written screenplays and has continued to work as a journalist.
    • 54. Caracas Venezuela venezolano
    • 55. Bogotá Colombia colombiano
    • 56. Quito Ecuador ecuatoriano
    • 57. Lima (El) Perú peruano
    • 58. La Paz (Sucre) Bolivia boliviano
    • 59. Asunción Paraguay paraguayo
    • 60. Montevideo Uruguay uruguayo
    • 61. Santiago Chile chileno
    • 62. Buenos Aires La Argentina argentino
    • 63. Las Antillas Cuba Puerto Rico La República Dominicana
    • 64. La Habana Cuba cubano
    • 65. San Juan Puerto Rico puertorriqueño
    • 66. Santo Domingo La República Dominicana dominicano
    • 67. España
    • 68. Madrid español España
    • 69.  
    • 70. Castellano : Declaración Universal de Derechos Humanos Artículo 1 : Todos los seres humanos nacen libres e iguales en dignidad y derechos y, dotados como están de razón y conciencia, deben comportarse fraternalmente los unos con los otros. Catalán - Català Declaració Universal de Drets Humans Article 1: Tots els éssers humans neixen lliures i iguals en dignitat i en drets. Són dotats de raó i de consciència, i han de comportar-se fraternalment els uns amb els altres. Gallego - Galego Declaración Universal dos Dereitos das Persoas Artigo 1ª : Tódolos seres humanos nacen libres e iguais en dignidade e dereitos e, dotados como están de razón e conciencia, díbense comportar fraternalmente uns cos outros. Vasco Euskera Giza Eskubideen Aldarrikapen Unibertsala 1. atala : Gizon-emakume guztiak aske jaiotzen dira, duintasun eta eskubide berberak dituztela; eta ezaguera eta kontzientzia dutenez gero, elkarren artean senide legez jokatu beharra dute.
    • 71.  
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    • 75. Comunidades Autonomas
    • 76. La capital andaluza es Sevilla Andalucia Es la zona más sureña y calurosa del país y también la que conserva más monumentos e influencias culturales de los árabes, que reinaron en estas tierras hasta 1492. Entre los monumentos de la ciudad destacan la Catedral gótica, la Giralda, el Alcázar y la Torre del Oro. Y entre sus fiestas destacan la Semana Santa y la Feria de Abril. Flamenco
    • 77. Aragón Aragón es una comunidad autónoma del norte peninsular y es la frontera natural con Francia por los Pirineos Centrales. Los Pirineos, al norte, marcan una muralla natural llena de glaciares, bosques y parques naturales.
    • 78. El Principado de Asturias es una pequeña región del norte de España rodeada de montañas que miran al mar Cantábrico. Disfruta de un clima oceánico, con abundantes precipitaciones por lo que su paisaje está siempre verde. Asturias
    • 79. Cantabria está situada en el centro de la costa Norte de España, bañada por el Mar Cantábrico. El clima en general es suave y húmedo. Cantabria Santander is a city in which the mixture of its various vocations, seafaring, commercial and tourism traditions, remains patent.
    • 80. Castilla y León es la más extensa región española, y está surcada por grandes rutas históricas que la cruzan como el Camino de Santiago o la Ruta de la Plata. Su importancia en la historia de España es capital, ya que fue el centro de poder de la península ibérica durante siglos. Castilla y León Segovia's most famous monument is certainly its colossal Roman aquaeducts which dominates all of the town. Additional attractions include the Alcazar and the Gothic cathedral.
    • 81. La comunidad de Castilla-La Mancha está constituida por cinco provincias del centro-sur peninsular: Toledo, Ciudad Real, Guadalajara, Cuenca y Albacete. Para el turista, Castilla-La Mancha ofrece muchas alternativas de ocio cultural y de naturaleza. Castilla-La Mancha Standing out among the rest we find the procession “camino del Calvario” (way to the Calvary), during the night of Good Friday. During this celerbation, there is a porcoession carrying image of the “Redeemer” with ill-tuned trumpets and playing drums.
    • 82. La comunidad autónoma de Cataluña está situada en el extremo nororiental de la Península Ibérica y es una región con una identidad y lengua propias. Esta región es uno de los lugares más cosmopolitas de España y forjó su personalidad histórica en la Edad Media abriéndose al Mediterráneo. Cataluña Catalonia's own language is Catalan, a Romance language that has co-official status alongside Castilian (Spanish). Catalonia's artistic heritage is a permanent reminder of the creativity of the people.
    • 83. Comunidad de Madrid Madrileños Madrid es una ciudad cosmopolita, famosa por su agitada vida que ofrece innumerables actividades por hacer. Dispone de más de 84.000 plazas de alojamiento por lo que su importancia turística está fuera de toda duda. Es un importante centro de negocios, sede de la Administración pública central del Estado y residencia habitual de los reyes de España.
    • 84. La Comunidad Valenciana La Comunidad Valenciana ocupa gran parte de la costa este mediterránea española y es la región por antonomasia del turismo de sol y playa, dado su suave clima y sus largas playas de arena. El turismo es una gran industria en Valencia, con fantásticas posibilidades para practicar cualquier deporte (golf, submarinismo, tenis), además de disfrutar de una vida nocturna muy movida y una amplia oferta cultural y de fiestas populares.
    • 85. La situación geográfica de Extremadura hizo de ella un lugar de paso en la época antigua, pero con la llegada de la civilización romana esta región entra en la historia convirtiendo a la ciudad de Mérida en una de las diez más importantes del Imperio Romano. Posteriormente recuperaría su esplendor pasado con el descubrimiento de América, al ser lugar de nacimiento de algunos de los más importantes conquistadores del Nuevo Mundo. Extremadura
    • 86. El País Vasco (Euskadi) es una comunidad autónoma de pequeño tamaño pero de gran importancia cultural y social. Sus verdes paisajes montañosos entre los ríos de la cuenca cantábrica ofrecen un clima atlántico con abundante lluvia y temperaturas moderadas. La particular historia de esta tierra ha conformado el singularismo de la cultura vasca, representado en un lenguaje propio prerrománico, el euskera , que no tiene conexiones con cualquier otro en el continente. El País Vasco (Euskadi)
    • 87. Galicia es la región más noroccidental de la península ibérica. Su situación geográfica, bañada por el Océano Atlántico, y su clima lluvioso la diferencia del resto del país. Galicia es una región verde de excelentes pastos y frondosos bosques con una cultura de raíces celtas, llena de castros, gaiteros y misteriosas tradiciones prerromanas. Galicia En Galicia, se habla gallego. Ola, son Rosalía. Puxéronme así por Rosalía de Castro, que para nós é un símbolo e quizais sexa a escritora galega máis coñecida no mundo. Se queredes heivos acompañar no comezo desta visita ás páxinas do noso idioma. Tamén podedes ir directamente ós contidos por medio do índice.
    • 88. Las Baleares son un archipiélago, compuesto por cinco islas (Mallorca, Menorca, Cabrera, Ibiza y Formentera) , situado en el Mediterráneo occidental. El clima balear es mediterráneo puro, con temperaturas suaves: entre 16 ºC y 17,5 ºC de promedio anual. Su clima suave con más de 300 días de sol al año, sus bellísimos paisajes y playas, su amplísima oferta cultural, sus posibilidades de ocio o relax y la hospitalidad de sus habitantes las han convertido en un lugar cosmopolita visitado desde todos los lugares del mundo, a veces para pasar vacaciones, y a veces para quedarse para siempre. Las Baleares
    • 89. Las Islas Canarias son una comunidad autónoma formada por un conjunto de siete islas (Tenerife, La Palma, La Gomera, Hierro, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote y Fuerteventura) situadas en el Océano Atlántico frente a las costas del África noroccidental. El clima canario es de tipo oceánico subtropical. Las Islas Canarias
    • 90. La Rioja es una tierra con una variedad de paisajes muy estimulante, desde la agreste Sierra de la Demanda, a los valles del Ebro, pasando por microrregiones climáticas como la de Enciso. El Camino de Santiago, ruta de entrada del resto de Europa a la Península Ibérica, cruza la región salpicando en su recorrido inestimables restos arquitectónicos y bellos parajes naturales. La Rioja
    • 91. La Comunidad Autónoma de Murcia está situada en el sureste de la Península Ibérica. Con un clima mediterráneo semiárido y suaves temperaturas de 18 ºC de media anual, Murcia es una zona turística de primer orden. Los fenicios y griegos, comerciaron en la antigüedad en su litoral, destacando ya des hace milenios el carácter naval y agrícola de esta tierra. La Comunidad Autónoma de Murcia
    • 92. Navarra es una región con una historia muy marcada y ocupa una privilegiada posición geográfica, al sur de la cordillera pirenaica en su lado más occidental. Fue un importante reino medieval ibérico surgido de la lucha contra los musulmanes, y en la Edad Moderna fue incorporado a la corona de Castilla, aunque conservó leyes propias. Navarra
    • 93. El FIN