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  • 1. Sentence Types
  • 2. Sentences are made up of various combinations of two types of clauses: Independent Dependent
  • 3. Independent Clauses can stand alone. These contain a subject and a predicate. The New York Mets won the World Series in 1969.
  • 4. Dependent Clauses CANNOT stand alone. These are only part of a sentence. Dependent clauses add additional information to independent clauses, but they are not necessary to form a complete thought. Until I met him in ninth grade.
  • 5. Dependent Clauses Dependent (also called “subordinate”) clauses are classified further into: Prepositional phrases (list of prepositions: pg 538) For a longer time than usual, he complained about his job. Adjective Clauses (pg. 557): These modify nouns or pronouns. Mary, who is usually kind-hearted, was rude to the woman in the check out line. Adverb Clauses (pg. 557): These modify verbs He danced the night away when the crowd cleared out. -ing words Phrases Talking to her for hours, Brian finally had to hang up. “To” Phrases To keep on her good side, he had to buy her the movie ticket.
  • 6. Dependent Clauses More importantly, just remember “CRAZY TALK”. Dependent clauses on their own sound incomplete . . . and a little crazy. We know these are Fragments. For a longer time than usual Who is usually kind-hearted When the crowd cleared out. Talking to her for hours To keep on her good side
  • 7. As mentioned earlier, these clauses can be combined to create four different types of sentences: • Simple • Complex • Compound • Compound-Complex
  • 8. What Type? Simple: {Independent} My aunt enjoyed her trip. Complex: {Dependent + Independent} After Mary added up all the sales, she discovered that her cash was short. Compound: {Independent + Independent} The clown frightened the little girl, and she ran off screaming. The pilot was ready to land the plane; his wife was waiting for him. Compound-Complex: {Dependent + Independent + Independent} With her reputation on the line, Peggy played her best game ever, but she was still defeated.
  • 9. What Type? 1. ______We drove from Connecticut to Tennessee in one day. 2. ______We were exhausted, but we arrived in time for my father's birthday party. 3. ______Although he is now 79 years old, he still claims to be 65. 4. ______After it was all over, my dad claimed he knew we were planning something, but we think he was really surprised. 5. ______Pauline and Bruno have a big argument every summer over where they should spend their summer vacation. 6. ______Pauline loves to go to the beach and spend her days sunbathing. 7. ______Bruno, on the other hand, likes the view that he gets from the log cabin up in the mountains, and he enjoys hiking in the forest.
  • 10. What Type? 1. _Simple_We drove from Connecticut to Tennessee in one day. 2. _Compound_We were exhausted, but we arrived in time for my father's birthday party. 3. _Complex_Although he is now 79 years old, he still claims to be 65. 4. _Compound-Complex_ After it was all over, my dad claimed he knew we were planning something, but we think he was really surprised. 5. _Complex_Pauline and Bruno have a big argument every summer over where they should spend their summer vacation. 6. _Simple_ Pauline loves to go to the beach and spend her days sunbathing. 7. _Compound-Complex_ Bruno, on the other hand, likes the view that he gets from the log cabin up in the mountains, and he enjoys hiking in the forest.