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Written Language2
 

Written Language2

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    Written Language2 Written Language2 Presentation Transcript

    • Written Language: Pictures to the Alphabet Claudetta Estes RDG 511
      • “ Written language develops when oral language is insufficient for meeting language needs of a society”
      • ~Ken Goodman
    • Why Written Language?
      • Even societies that appear to have no written language use symbols or graphics in order to communicate.
      • Written language becomes necessary, however when societies and their cultures spread out and develop in complex ways. (Goodman)
      • When a culture needs a written language they simply invent it in order to communicate.
      • Communication in Society
      • Around 3000 B.C.E. language was found
      • Land lies along the banks of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. This area today is now modern Iraq.
      • Early Mesopotamian writing was found in trade, business and farm records.
      • Mesopotamia traded regularly with ancient Egyptian and ancient Indian civilizations, thus having the idea of writing spread into other cultures.
      Mesopotamia
      • The first written language?
      • 20,000 years ago.
      • These drawings and paintings developed later into "pictograms".
      • These paintings depicted literal portrayals of various aspects of life.
      • Pictograms gradually developed into "ideograms”.
      • They represented ideas rather than objects.
      • Ideograms might include a picture of the sun to represent heat, light and daytime.
      • Ideograms became more abstract and eventually began to represent the sounds of spoken language
      Pictograms and ideograms
      • Pictures that evolved..
    • Pictograms in Mainstream Culture
      • Hospital, Airport…
      • A form of pictograms can also be found in mainstream cultures as road signs, on public bathroom doors, and used to represent a place to eat, to sleep, to fill your gas tank, or make a phone call. These symbols are internationally recognizable, producing meaning that might not be expressible in spoken language.
    • Cuneiform Writing
      • Mesopotamia’s Written Language
      • This literally meant "wedged shape".
      • They pressed a wedged shape object in clay tablets.
      • Each of these abstract symbols represented a single word.
      • The Egyptians had developed a writing system similar to the Sumerians called "hieroglyphics". Hieroglyphics were also pictographic.
      • It came to represent syllables, and the sounds of language.
      • Around 1500 B.C. the Phoenicians of the eastern shores of the Mediterranean adopted the Egyptian hieroglyphics and developed them into a set of 22 consonant vowel pairs.
      • This syllabic system was later used by the Greeks.
      Hieroglyphics
      • Egypt's Language
    • Logographic System
      • Writing for different cultures – Three Writing Systems
      • Logographic system is a word writing system.
      • An idea of this system is single characters represent single words. The problem with this system is that thousands of symbols must be memorized.
      • In recent years the Chinese government has adopted a spelling system using the Roman alphabet, called "Pinyin".
      • Pinyin can be used to teach the intensive logographic system. It is used to help foreigners, often found on street signs and other forms of instruction.
      • A syllabic system is a syllable writing system that is used in Japan.
      • They have two systems. One, called "kana", is made up of two 46 characters syllabaries, "katakana" and "hiragana”.
      • The first represents syllables and the second represents inflections.
      • The Japanese language can be represented with kana.
      • All words can be represented in kana, and many of those can also be represented in kanji. Other syllabic writing systems are used by the Cherokee people.
      • There writing system was developed relatively recently in 1821.
      Syllabic System
      • Writing for different cultures – Three Writing Systems
      • The alphabetic system is a sound writing system common to most modern cultures.
      • Though alphabetic systems can appear quite different from each other, they all have a common letter to sound correspondence.
      • Most alphabetic systems do not represent every sound with a different letter.
      • The United States uses an alphabetic system to produce written language.
      Alphabetic System
      • Writing for different cultures – Three Writing Systems
      • “ Language is a living, dynamic organism” (Goodman).
      • We us all forms of communication in order to communicate.
      • Language is the most important idea in reading and making sense of our world.
      Conclusion
      • Written Language Importance