Notice how long this list is! Chances are all of us fall in one or more categories of at-risk people!
EGGS PASSED IN FECES EGGS EMBRYONATE INTERMEDIATE HOST (MOUSE, ETC.) INGEST EMBRYONATED EGG DOG EITHER EATS THE INTERMEDIATE HOST OR THE EMBRYONATED EGGS FROM THE ENVIRONMENT ADULT WORMS LAY EGGS IN THE SMALL INTESTINE OR LARVAE TRANSMITTED TO PUPPIES THROUGH PLACENTA OR MILKTransplacental infection DOES NOT occur in the cat!
Humans may become infected through ingestion of embryonated eggs in the environment or through infected feces from intermediate hosts (mice, rabbits, etc.)
Consumption of embryonated egg larva hatch in the small intestine and penetrate the mucosa larvae enter the portal venous system (some stay trapped in the liver) larvae enter the systemic circulation and may be disseminated to any organ (CNS, lungs, heart, liver, kidney)
Toxocara canis-induced granulomatous retinitis has been misdiagnosed as retinoblastoma (primary retinal cancer that can be spread to other organs) leading to the unnecessary enucleation of children’s eyes in at least 36 reported casesCan be treated with deworming medication from the pediatrician.Occurs in children 3-13 years old.White pupil, strabismus, loss of vision, posterior uveitis.
Monthly = every 30 days!Feel free to ask your veterinarian what fecal test technique he/she uses to diagnose intestinal parasites and let him/her know that you know that centrifugal flotation technique is the gold standard
Woodstock Vet Clinic-Roundworms
How to Protect Your Family by Protecting Your Pets-RoundwormsBy Dr. Wilmer A. Bustelo and Dr. Maria C. Salazar<br />
Heartworm prevention medications prevent and control some of the most common parasites transmitted from our dogs or cat every month in addition to preventing heartworm disease. <br />Learn how serious Roundworms could be to our family and pets from this presentation.<br />WHAT CAN WE DO TO HELP PREVENT ROUNDWORMS EVERY MONTH?<br />
1. Define Zoonosis<br />2. Discuss guidelines from Companion Animal Parasites Council (CAPC) <br />3. Discuss roundworms-transmission, clinical signs, diagnosis, treatment, control and prevention, public health concern <br />4. Discuss-control, prevention and zoonosis<br />5. Learn what we need to do as pet owners<br />Objectives <br />
Definition<br />a disease communicable from animals to humans under natural conditions<br />What is Zoonosis?<br />
Some Common Zoonotic Parasites in Dogs and Cats<br />Hookworms<br />Roundworms<br />Fleas<br />Tapeworms<br />Ticks<br />Giardia ?<br />Cryptosporidium<br />Scabies<br />Toxoplasmosis<br />
-Independent organization<br />-Veterinarians and Health Care Professionals<br />-The mission is to foster animal and human health, while preserving the human-animal bond, through recommendations for the diagnosis, treatment, prevention and control of parasitic infections. <br /> www.petsandparasites.org<br />Woodstock Veterinary Hospital follows the guidelines from: CAPC: Companion Animal Parasite Council<br />
Everybody, especially children and immune compromised people<br />Pet owners, people working with animals (veterinarians, veterinary technicians, shelter workers, etc.), electricians, plumbers, exterminators, farmers, gardeners, sunbathers and children who play in contaminated areas are at high risk<br />WHO IS AT RISK?<br />
Intestinal parasites are virtually everywhere in the environment, and can survive in the soil for years in cold or warm climates. <br />In a recent study, 10-30% of public soil samples were contaminated with intestinal parasite eggs.<br />A national survey of shelters revealed that almost 36% of dogs nationwide and 52% of dogs from the southeastern states harbored parasites capable of causing human diseases.<br />WHERE ARE THESE PARASITES?<br />
In the U.S. alone, an estimated 10,000 cases of roundworm infections occur each year.<br />Hookworms are the second most common worm infections in humans (after roundworms).<br />Fleas can cause diseases in humans. <br />How serious are these diseases?<br />Roundworms<br />Hookworms<br />Fleas<br />
According to CAPC the prevalence in people is:<br />-South 17.4%<br />-Northeast 15.6%<br />-Midwest 11.4%<br />-West 9.4%<br />Most common zoonotic parasite in dogs.<br />PREVALENCE OF ROUNDWORMS IN GEORGIA<br />
Pre-patent period is<br />2 to 4 weeks<br />Roundworm (Toxocaracanis and Toxocaracati) Life Cycles<br />
Pot belly<br />Poor hair coat <br />Diarrhea and vomiting<br />Abdominal pain<br />Dehydration <br />Death<br />ROUNDWORMS CAN CAUSE:<br />
Yes, but fecal examination will be needed for better diagnosis. <br />Sometimes cats can cough up adult Toxocara cati worms<br />CAN WE SEE THE ROUNDWORMS?<br />
In the US alone there are 10,000 cases of Roundworm infections diagnosed every year<br />700 people infected with roundworms experience Ocular Larva Migrans which cause permanent or partial loss of vision, especially children<br />ROUNDWORMS-Public Health<br />
Performing fecal examinations*: </li></ul> a. 2 to 4 times during the first year of life <br /> b. 1 to 2 times a year in adult pets <br />*Centrifugal flotation technique<br />EVERY PET, ALL YEAR LONG<br />
PLEASE CALL WOODSTOCK VETERINARY HOSPITAL FOR MORE INFORMATION 770-926-3722 <br />