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Local food Production and Biosecurity in Alabama

Local food Production and Biosecurity in Alabama

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  • There have also been outbreaks associated with lettuce, juice, sprouts, berries, green onions and even nuts. <br />
  • The most at-risk groups for developing serious complications are young children, pregnant women, older adults and people who are already suffering from diseases like diabetes or are on chemotherapy for cancer that has weakened their immune systems. <br />

Ag med local foods Ag med local foods Presentation Transcript

  • Local Food Production and Biosecurity Kristin L. Woods, Ph.D. Regional Extension Agent Alabama Cooperative Extension System
  • Objectives • Discuss the local foods movement and the reasons behind it • Discuss the scope of local food production in Alabama • Discuss food safety issues concerning small scale food production • Discuss the risks related to commercial poultry production
  • Local Food Movement Do you buy local? Why?
  • Demand Drivers Among Consumers Grocery shoppers largely embrace the increase in local food options because they believe: ▪ It helps local economies (66 percent) ▪ Delivers a broader and better assortment of products (60 percent) ▪ Provides healthier alternatives (45 percent) ▪ Improves the carbon footprint (19 percent) ▪ Increases natural or organic production (19 percent) A.T. Kearney, “Buying Into the Local Food Movement”, February 2013
  • From the growers perspective…. •Opportunities to capture revenue attributed to intermediaries in the supply chain •Consumer desire to buy and pay a premium for riper, fresher, higher-quality fruits and vegetables •Sometimes the only market available to small farmers •Connection with customers
  • Video Farmers Market Authority in Alabama
  • In 2008, local food sales estimated to be $4.8 billion (Vogel and Low, 2011) .
  • Soil Water
  • Produce Associated Outbreaks From 1996 to 2007: Approximately 72 reported outbreaks of foodborne illness associated with about 20 fresh produce commodities, both domestic and imported •13 outbreaks were associated with tomatoes •11 outbreaks were associated with melons •24 outbreaks were associated with leafy greens such as lettuce and spinach
  • What’s the big deal? Symptoms: •Diarrhea •Vomiting •Nausea •Abdominal pain •Fever Complications: •Reactive arthritis •Guillain-Barre syndrome •Spontaneous abortion, stillbirths •HUS (kidney failure) •TTP (blood clots, can lead to stroke) •Death
  • 2013 Privett Hatchery Outbreak A total of 356 persons infected with Salmonella Typhimurium •39 states •62 were hospitalized. •76% percent of ill people reported contact with live poultry in the week before their illness began.
  • 2013 Privett Hatchery Outbreak 95% of ill persons reported purchasing live poultry from agricultural feed stores. • A total of 116 locations of feed stores representing 33 feed store companies were identified. • Traceback investigations identified 18 mail-order hatcheries that supplied poultry to these feed stores. • The majority of traceback investigations identified Privett Hatchery in Portales, New Mexico as the source of the poultry linked to this outbreak.
  • Foodborne Illness from Poultry • Campylobacter • Salmonella • E. Coli
  • Disease organisms get to other farms by one of the above ways 90% of the time.
  • POULTRY DISEASES • Gumboro (Bursal Disease) • Coccidiosis • Fowl Cholera • Infectious Coryza • Laringotracheitis • Marek’s Disease • Newcastle • Avian Tuberculosis • Mycoplasmosis • Salmonellosis • Avian Influenza
  • • Maintain healthy flocks • Report diseases • Monitor
  • Conclusions • The number of farmers markets and direct market farmers is increasing • Small scale food production presents new farmers with food safety challenges • Producer and consumer education is key to prevention of outbreaks
  • Credits…… Poultry Disease Prevention and Control for Small Flock Owners Gary Butcher, DVM, PhD University of Florida/ IFAS Enhancing the Safety of Locally Grown Produce:
  • Questions? Kristin L. Woods, Ph.D. Regional Extension Agent Alabama Cooperative Extension System 251-753-1164 WOODSKL@auburn.edu All information contained within this site is issued in furtherance of Cooperative Extension work in agriculture and home economics, Acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914, and other related acts, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The Alabama Cooperative Extension System (Alabama A&M University and Auburn University) offers educational programs, materials, and equal opportunity employment to all people without regard to race, color, national origin, religion, sex, age, veteran status, or disability.