Mentoring as a provision for latvia rural women entrepreneurship
Prof. Baiba Rivza, Mg. oec. Laura RivzaLatvia Academy of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences
Mentoring in entrepreneurship means that somebody more experienced in business (Mentor) guides and helps the less experienced (Mentee) to succeed in his/her enterprise development
Promote new entrants in entrepreneurial environment, Encourage people to be entrepreneurs and set up their own business, To ensure unified and effective support in setting up a business, increasing competitiveness of enterprise, Let existing enterprises overcome difficulties, barriers and keep developing and also promoting substitute products based on innovative and knowledge based technologies
Resource centersInformation pointsMicro-credit groupsMentoring pairs and groupsLocal organizations of LRWA
Nationality of women entrepreneurs 76,5 23,5Latvian Russian Pole UkrainianByelorssian Lithuanian Armenian Jews Source: association “Līdere” & “Latvijas Fakti” & publishing – house “Lietišķās informācijas dienests” (www.em.gov.lv/em/2nd/)
Possibility to be independent Possibility to maintain her family Possibility to do the work she likes Self-realizing possibilitySourse: www.em.gov.lv/em/2nd/
Women entrepreneurs in the regions of Latvia, % 8,5 13,5 41,5 14,5 22Riga/ Riga region, Jurmala Vidzeme Kurzeme Zemgale Latgale
High taxes Lack of qualified work force Large number of controlling institutions Lack of appropriate normative acts and support High competitionSourse: www.em.gov.lv/em/2nd/
Total 83,1 thsd.farmsSource: Central statistical bureau 21
Farm income and income of population employed in agricultureSource: Economic accounts for agriculture (EAA) 22
Economical factors: - Unified and effective Social factors: support in setting up -Lack of information Social factors: business and reconcilability Technological - Emotional −Increase the number -Lack of time for factors: encouragement of new enterprises cooperation -Geographical − Networking and −increasing −Different levels of distance cooperation competitiveness of knowledge -Limited access to − Sense of safety enterprise Internet, e-mail − Win-win principle − Guidance that allows mentee come to solution Strengths Weaknesses by him/herself Mentoring in Latvia Opportunities ThreatsSocial factors:-Potential of Political/Economicalyoung factors: Political/entrepreneurs; - Support and possibilities Social factors: Economical-Supportive to enchain state, - Interest of mentors factors:local media municipality and EU as volunteers - Administrative financing; capacity − Possibility to introduce − Potential of mentoring in educational mentors in rural system areas
Networks have become the basic units of modern society. These units still are individuals, groups, organizations and communities, though they may increasingly be linked by networks.
Holberg International Memorial Prize 2012 is awarded to Manuel Castells.Citation of the Holberg Prize AcademicCommittee:"Manuel Castells is the leadingsociologist of the city and newinformation and media technologies. Hisideas and writings have shaped ourunderstanding of the political dynamicsof urban and global economies in thenetwork society.
It is not purely the technology that defines modern societies, but also cultural, economic and political factors that make up the network society. Influences such as religion, cultural upbringing, political organizations, and social status all shape the network society. Societies are shaped by these factors in many ways.
Networks play a multifaceted role for women entrepreneurs and business owners, helping them to gain advice, form partnerships, secure financing, access qualified management and employees, and build value chain relationships. Entrepreneurs and business owners tended to seek advice most often from those with whom they had personal relationships— their private environment.
The mentoring and microcredit movement should be widely used since they proved to be relevant form of economic activity for Latvia regions conditions which do not require large investments but extensive training network. Our countries have experience in mentoring and networking. Social networks have become the basic units of modern society and also in
Helix model can help in mentoring and social networking. Using of the cultural heritage in rural tourism is important and additional financial source . We need strong mentoring support in it.