Eternity Of Knowledge New Alexandre

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Seventh grade PowerPoint to explain the students Renaissance research paper topic on the philosopihies of the Reniassance and today.

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Eternity Of Knowledge New Alexandre

  1. 1.  Subtopic 1 – End of the Apocalypse Slides 1 and 2  Subtopic 2 – Mission Impossible IV – Skirmish Against the Church Slides 3 and 4  Subtopic 3 – Back to the Past – Greek edition Slides 5 and 6  Subtopic 4 – Back to the Future – 2009 edition Slides 7 and 8
  2. 2.  Renaissance – French term meaning “rebirth”  Time period in Europe roughly between 14th and 17th century after Middle Ages which witnessed the rebirth of interest in classical art literature, and architecture  Knowledge brought to Europe During Renaissance came directly from Ancient Greeks and Romans  Knowledge helped revive and create concepts such as arches, vaults, domes, and columns  Renaissance considered to have began in Italy after Ottoman Turks invaded Byzantine Empire and forced scholars to flee to the country  Cities in Italy mainly included Florence, Venice, Milan, Genoa, Naples, and the Papal States
  3. 3.  The Renaissance began because of people having more money to spend after Black Death  Father of Renaissance considered to be Francesco Petrarch ( 1304-1374) who wrote poetry, started libraries, and looked and found Greek and Roman literature  Wealthy explorers, inventors, and artists began to emerge during Renaissance  Some of the many include Michelangelo Buonarroti, Johann Gutenberg, Prince Henry the Navigator, Sandro Botticelli, and Leonardo Di Vinci  Renaissance later spread to other countries including Spain, Portugal, England, France, Germany, and the Netherlands
  4. 4.  Humanism – one of most widely spread philosophies throughout Europe during Renaissance  Man perceived to have created Humanism was Francesco Petrarch, an Italian scholar  Humanism – Broad category of ethical philosophies that affirmed dignity and worth of all people  Education from ancient Greeks involves thorough study of philosophy, history, language, and the arts  Other academic clusters included grammar, rhetoric's, and poetry
  5. 5.  Humanists focused on the study of classical works – known as the “New Learning”  New learning then brought revival of interest in classical letters and the value of individuals to the Renaissance  Humanists reject transcendental or beyond the ordinary justifications such as dependence on faith  Humanists did not find conflict with the Catholic Church or Christianity, and many Humanists belonged to clergy of Catholic Church  Philosophy led to the criticizing of the Catholic Clergy and the realization that the Church was flawed  Because of Humanism, people challenged the church and the philosophy laid the foundations for the remarkable growth of natural science during the Renaissance
  6. 6.  2nd Renaissance/Pre- Renaissance Philosophy was Neo-Platonism  Took definite shape under philosophers Plato and Plotonius  Philosophical school created by Plato which taught pupils from all over Greek world about Neo- Platonism  The school was most famously known as the Academy  Neo-Platonism emphasized mystical elements of Platonism  Viewed as a form of mysticism that had theoretical and practical parts stemming from the belief in a divine or supernatural entity such as God
  7. 7.  Christian thinkers found powerful aid in spiritualism of Neo-Platonism  Helped defend and maintain a conception of the human soul  Christian writers also took advantage of support from Neo-Platonism  Support came from doctrine that stated a spiritual world more real than the world of matter exists  Provided major influence in European cultural life
  8. 8.  Humanism and Neo-Platonism contributed to the development of several modern day philosophies – including Atheism and Kabbalah  Commonality between all Atheists is a lack in belief of Gods  Main similarity between Humanists and Atheists – daunting belief that a supernatural power or powers do not existed in universe
  9. 9.  Kabbalah, the 2nd modern philosophy – influence by Neo- Platonism  Term comes from Hebrew root L’Kabel , which means “to receive”  Purpose of philosophy is to bring clarity, understanding, and freedom to one’s life  Ultimately erasing death itself  Both Kabbalah and Neo-Platonism are similar based on the teachings of separating one’s self from material world to gain purity and to have the soul return to God

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