Industries and   Services    Chapter 11
Where did the Industrial Revolution  begin, and how did it Diffuse?
Industrial Revolution:  dramatic innovations in manufacturing, mining,  transportation and communication that results  in ...
Flow of Capital into Europe, 1775-Needed flow of capital in          order to fuel the industrial revolution.
TextilesProduction:Liverpool andManchesterIronProduction:BirminghamCoal Mining:Newcastle
Why England?• Geographic Advantages:   – Island-not invaded   – Resources-coal, iron ore,     water power, rivers• Politic...
•Economic Advantages:  –Banking system and  available capital  –The Agricultural  Revolution and Enclosure  Movement -supp...
James Watt’s improvedsteam made steam powerA versatile form of energyfor mining, iron production,transportation and even,t...
• Abraham Darby ‘s coking  process, which baked the  impurities from coal,  gradually replaced scarce  charcoal as the fue...
The Iron Bridge, theworld’s first bridgebuilt of iron
Transportation-Railroads
Industry part one
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Industry part one

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Industry part one

  1. 1. Industries and Services Chapter 11
  2. 2. Where did the Industrial Revolution begin, and how did it Diffuse?
  3. 3. Industrial Revolution: dramatic innovations in manufacturing, mining, transportation and communication that results in rapid changes in society and commerce1730s to 1860s First Phase of the Industrial Revolution. Textiles, Iron Production, Steam Power1860s to 1914 Second Phase of the Industrial Revolution Steel, Chemicals, Railroads, Gasoline Engine, and mass production.Post WWII Third Phase of the Industrial Revolution high technology-computerization, miniaturization and automation
  4. 4. Flow of Capital into Europe, 1775-Needed flow of capital in order to fuel the industrial revolution.
  5. 5. TextilesProduction:Liverpool andManchesterIronProduction:BirminghamCoal Mining:Newcastle
  6. 6. Why England?• Geographic Advantages: – Island-not invaded – Resources-coal, iron ore, water power, rivers• Political Advantages: – Stable government- encouraged business• Cultural Advantages: – Entrepreneurs willing to take a risk & inventors. A monopoly of skilled workers
  7. 7. •Economic Advantages: –Banking system and available capital –The Agricultural Revolution and Enclosure Movement -supply of cheap and abundant labor. –A large merchant fleet was protected by an efficient navy. –Mercantilism-colonies provided sources of raw materials and markets.
  8. 8. James Watt’s improvedsteam made steam powerA versatile form of energyfor mining, iron production,transportation and even,the milling of flour andbrewing of beer.
  9. 9. • Abraham Darby ‘s coking process, which baked the impurities from coal, gradually replaced scarce charcoal as the fuel for iron production.• Pictured at right are some of the original coking ovens in Northumberland, England.
  10. 10. The Iron Bridge, theworld’s first bridgebuilt of iron
  11. 11. Transportation-Railroads
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