Culture 2
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Culture 2






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    Culture 2 Culture 2 Presentation Transcript

    • Culture 2
    • How are hearths of popular culture traits established? • Typically begins with an idea/good and contagious diffusion. • Companies can create/manufacture popular culture. (ie. MTV) • Individuals can create/manufacture popular culture. (ie. Tony Hawk)-video games involving extreme sports popularized skateboarding and other sports.
    • The hearth of Phish concerts is in the northeastern United States, near where the band began in Vermont.
    • With Distance Decay, the likelihood of diffusion decreases as time and distance from the hearth increases. With Time-Space Compression, the likelihood of diffusion depends upon the connectedness among places. Which applies more to popular culture?
    • Why are popular culture traits usually diffused hierarchically? How is fashion in popular culture an example of hierarchical diffusion?
    • • Reterritorialization of popular culture occurs when an aspect of popular culture is modified to adapt locally-e.g. Japanese baseball, European Hip Hop-MC SolaarFrance, Die Fantastischen VierGermany, Jovanatti-Italy.
    • • Syncretism-a fusion of old and new to create a new cultural trait-this concept is similar to reterritorialization. • The examples below are foreign foods that have been modified to fit American tastes.
    • • The influence of Europe, the US and Japan in global popular culture makes many people feel threatened. • France’s govt. subsidizes the French film industry and sets limits on foreign music on the radio
    • Cultural Landscape • The imprint of people on the land-how humans use, alter and manipulate the landscape to express their identity. • Examples; – – – – – Architecture of buildings Methods of tilling the soil Means of transportation Clothing and adornment Sights, sounds and smells of a place
    • Cultural Landscape The visible human imprint on the landscape. How have people changed the landscape? - What buildings, statues, and so forth have they erected? - How do landscapes reflect the values of a culture?
    • The cultural landscape is fashioned from a natural landscape by a cultural group. Culture is the agent, the natural area the medium, the cultural landscape is the result. Under the influence of a given culture, itself changing through time, the landscape undergoes development, passing through phases, and probably reaching ultimately the end of its cycle of development. With the introduction of a different-that-is alien culture, a rejuvenation of the cultural landscape sets in, or a new landscape is superimposed on remnants of an older one. Carl Sauer, 1925
    • Convergence of Cultural Landscapes: • The widespread distribution of businesses and products creates distinctive landscape stamps around the world. • What are some other examples of businesses that can be found around the world?
    • Convergence of Cultural Landscapes: • Diffusion of architectural forms and planning ideas around the world.
    • Convergence of Cultural Landscapes: • Borrowing of idealized landscape images blurs place distinctiveness.-right Las Vegas, Nevada-below Toronto, Canada
    • Placelessness: the loss of uniqueness in a cultural landscape – one place looks like the next.
    • House Types • Kniffen’s traditional American house types: New England Mid-Atlantic Southern Tidewater
    • • The New England “Large” house is a modern adaptation of a Yankee folk house that added a wing as the style migrated westward. It is a 2 ½ story house built around a central chimney.
    • • The Georgian Style (1700-1800) used Renaissance inspired classical symmetry. Typically it was 2 rooms deep and 2 rooms high with end chimneys and pilasters around the door.
    • • The “Cape Cod” style dwelling from New England features a steep roof with side gables and a symmetrical layout with the door in the center.
    • • The Victorian or Queen Anne style of architecture was dominant in the United States from 1880 to 1900.
    • • The Tudor Revival (1910-1940) became popular in suburban areas in the 1920s. The style is loosely based on Medieval construction.
    • • The “bungalow” (1900-1920) was supposedly a modified version of an Indian rural vernacular form. The bungalow typically has a low-pitched roof with wide overhang eaves.
    • • This narrow home fits easily on small city lots. In the Midwest this version of the “bungalow” is known as the “Chicago bungalow” style.
    • • Commonly built in the 1950s and 1960s, this style of home is an good example of maladaptive diffusion since it was intended for the year round living of southern California.
    • • This “California Ranch” with all rooms on one level takes up a larger lot and has encouraged urban sprawl.
    • THE END