WNR.sg - The Memory of the Netherlands: Towards a National Infrastructure

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The Memory of the Netherlands: Towards a National Infrastructure

by Dr J.S.M (Bas) Savenije, Director General from Koninklijke Bibliotheek (National Library of Netherlands)

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  • De eerste fase kregen we meer geld omdat toen ook de infrastructuur met website e.d. opgebouwd moest worden. Na 2008 hebben we nog 1 jaar extra geld gekregen (moet even nakijken hoe veel), maar dus niet meer stelselmatig. We ronden nu de laatste projecten af met dat geld.
  • Het programma betaalt 70%, de instelling betaalt zelf 30%. Dit kan vaak gedekt worden uit personele kosten.
    Het Geheugen van Nederland moest een nationaal platform worden voor gedigitaliseerde collecties, waarin ook dwarsverbanden tussen collecties van verschillende instellingen gelegd konden worden. Waardoor het een soort samenwerking werd. Het Geheugen werkte tevens als centraal aanspreekpunt voor vragen over digitalisering in de erfgoedwereld.
    In 2001 stond digitalisering nog in de kinderschoenen en was er veel begeleiding nodig. Het ministerie heeft de financiering nu stopgezet met het idee dat digitlaisering ondertussen zo’n essentieel onderdeel is van het beleid van instellingen dat ze het op eigen kracht kunnen.
  • Deelnemende partijen: verschillende musea: Rijksmuseum, Van Gogh Museum, Mauritshuis, Regionale, en landelijke archieven en bibliotheken.
  • Met DEN samenwerking voor maken van standaarden etc.
    Sommige Metamorfoze collecties worden opgenomen in het Geheugen om ze ook makkelijk toegankelijk te maken.
    Het programma Erfgoed van de Oorlog heeft gebruik gemaakt van het Geheugen als publicatieplatform.
    Europeana indexeert de collecties van het Geheugen waardoor er ook internationaal meer bereik is.
  • Het blijkt nog ingewikkeld om standaarden te ontwikkelen waar alle instellingen mee kunnen werken. Het Geheugen moet vaak nog een flinke conversieslag maken met het materiaal. Niveau van beschrijvingen lopen sterk uiteen, wat bijvoorbeeld integraal doorzoeken lastig maakt. Alle instellingen hebben hun eigen beleid en strategie. Kleine instellingen hebben veel baat bij zo’n initiatief. Grote instellingen vinden het soms lastig zich aan het grotere geheel te moeten confirmeren. Heeft ook te maken met de vraag of ze een eigen website of platform hebben waarop ze zich digitaal kunnen profileren.
    Ook Copyright blijft een heel belangrijk maar lastig punt en de voortschrijdende technische mogelijkheden.
  • This is the mission of the NCDD. It is a very ambitious mission, we admit. But it helps to have a clear vision of what the end result should be.
    As the word ‘infrastructure’ is used in many different contexts, let me emphasize that our infrastructure is understood to include not just storage facilities (hardware, software), but also a whole range of less tangible matters: a clear definition of roles and responsibilities, including transition work flows between producers and custodians of digital information, selection criteria, quality critera, shared services, knowledge and expertise.
  • 1: This sounds rather self-evident, but in reality many smaller organisations are expecting other, national organisations to take this responsibility from them. That is not going to happen. Each and every organisation remains responsible for managing its own digital resources. Outsourcing certain aspects of data management may very well be part of the policy of an organisation, but the responsibility can never be outsourced.
    2: As some of the key impediments to long-term access are sector-specific, the NCDD-partners have decided that some type of leadership is called for. Making a difference in a sector requires not only knowledge and expertise, but also a certain scale, a suitable national and international network, and a certain standing in the sectors. Thus four national organisations have been assigned specific network tasks, i.e., to be the driving force behind the process to establish the required infrastructure in their sector. This does not mean that they will do all the work themselves. Quite the contrary. The NCDD expects all organisations, large and small, to do their bit. But overall coordination will be provided by a national organisation.
    3: The NCDD itself will continue to play a role as a national mediator and stimulator, particularly focusing on aligning roles and responsibilities between sectors, and on sharing knowledge and expertise.
    4: I mentioned before that the digital age transcends analogue boundaries. This also applies to the administrative level. For a plan such as the NCDD’s to succeed, administrative commitment is essential. And it too must transcend traditional boundaries. We will need concerted investments by the administration to make the plan work.
  • This slide shows the present responsibilities of network leaders and their proposed network remits. In the research domain there are two leaders: the KB for publications and Data Archiving and Networked Services for research data. It is obvious that the digital age with its ‘enhanced publications’ will require that the KB and DANS work closely together to provide long-term access to combinations of traditional publications and research data.
    You will also note that the Cultural heritage sector still lacks a network leader. This sector is so diffuse that a natural leader could not be identified at short notice. Talks are being held presently within the sector and with the Ministry of Education, Culture and Science to decide upon a strategy for this sector.
  • WNR.sg - The Memory of the Netherlands: Towards a National Infrastructure

    1. 1. © 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – National Library of the Netherlands The Memory of the Netherlands Bas Savenije The Memory of the Netherlands: Towards a National Infrastructure Dr J.S.M (Bas) Savenije Director General, Koninklijke Bibliotheek
    2. 2. © 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – National Library of the Netherlands The Memory of the Netherlands: Towards a national infrastructure Bas Savenije, Director General KB When Nations Remember. Singapore, 11 October 2010
    3. 3. © 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – National Library of the Netherlands The Memory of the Netherlands Bas Savenije Savator Dali, The Persistence of Memory (1931)
    4. 4. © 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – National Library of the Netherlands The Memory of the Netherlands Bas Savenije
    5. 5. © 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – National Library of the Netherlands The Memory of the Netherlands Bas Savenije
    6. 6. © 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – National Library of the Netherlands The Memory of the Netherlands Bas Savenije Framework National program for digitising cultural heritage, since 2001 Funded by the Ministry of Education, Culture and Science Phase I: 2001-2004: M € 9,5 Phase II: 2005-2008: M € 6 Based on the idea of American Memory Co-ordinated by the National Library of the Netherlands (KB)
    7. 7. © 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – National Library of the Netherlands The Memory of the Netherlands Bas Savenije Tasks • Funding digitisation projects for museums, archives and libraries (70/30 %) to achieve large scale digitisation in the cultural heritage sector • Building and maintaining a national infrastructure for access & preservation • Act as a center of expertise: Guidelines, quality management, project management • Developing services & tools to stimulate re-use of material.
    8. 8. © 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – National Library of the Netherlands The Memory of the Netherlands Bas Savenije Targets • A historical collection that represents Dutch history, culture and society • Attractive material • Easily accessible to the general public • Applications for secundary education and other platforms for which context is important • Preservation and access
    9. 9. © 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – National Library of the Netherlands The Memory of the Netherlands Bas Savenije Collections Different types of heritage material • still images (pictures, paintings, posters, drawings, objects) • moving images (audio, video, tv-programs) • text material (documents,publications, archives) Cross-domain: museums, archives, libraries
    10. 10. © 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – National Library of the Netherlands The Memory of the Netherlands Bas Savenije Examples
    11. 11. © 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – National Library of the Netherlands The Memory of the Netherlands Bas Savenije Co-operation • Digital Heritage Netherlands (digitisation standards) • Metamorfoze (Program for preservation of cultural heritage) • Heritage of World War II (Funded by Ministry of Health, Welfare & Sport) • Europeana
    12. 12. © 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – National Library of the Netherlands The Memory of the Netherlands Bas Savenije
    13. 13. © 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – National Library of the Netherlands The Memory of the Netherlands Bas Savenije Assets Expertise digitisation project organisation Standards scanning for access metadata presentation
    14. 14. © 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – National Library of the Netherlands The Memory of the Netherlands Bas Savenije Setbacks General • Project organisation in a heritage institution • IT problems • Copyright issues Dealing with ALM-sector • Differences in organisation position, strategy, scope • Competitive positions • Differences in description level and semantic metadata (thesauri, etc.)
    15. 15. © 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – National Library of the Netherlands The Memory of the Netherlands Bas Savenije What did we learn? • Define a common interest or aim (user; economic) • Make agreements on commonly accepted standards (Open standards: DC; Mpeg 21; Web based; SRU; OAI) • Make knowledge sharable (on technical and semantic level) • Let others use your metadata and images (Copyright!) • Don’t tell the others how to do things but share your experiences
    16. 16. © 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – National Library of the Netherlands The Memory of the Netherlands Bas Savenije
    17. 17. © 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – National Library of the Netherlands The Memory of the Netherlands Bas Savenije The impact of digitisation Borders are changing or disappearing: • Producer – Consumer • Work processes • Documents
    18. 18. © 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – National Library of the Netherlands© 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – Nationale bibliotheek van Nederland The Memory of the Netherlands Bas Savenije
    19. 19. © 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – National Library of the Netherlands© 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – Nationale bibliotheek van Nederland The Memory of the Netherlands Bas Savenije
    20. 20. © 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – National Library of the Netherlands© 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – Nationale bibliotheek van Nederland The Memory of the Netherlands Bas Savenije
    21. 21. © 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – National Library of the Netherlands© 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – Nationale bibliotheek van Nederland The Memory of the Netherlands Bas Savenije
    22. 22. © 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – National Library of the Netherlands© 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – Nationale bibliotheek van Nederland Access to Digital Collections 2 June 2010
    23. 23. © 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – National Library of the Netherlands The Memory of the Netherlands Bas Savenije The impact of digitisation Changing user demands: • Everybody wants to have access to all kinds of information: cultural, scientific • They expect the services to be closely related to their community or their workflow • Impatience !!
    24. 24. © 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – National Library of the Netherlands The Memory of the Netherlands Bas Savenije The importance of networking • The borders between heritage institutions are blurring • Co-operation between networks becomes essential • The meaning of an institution is not only defined by its traditional “core business” directed towards its own identity • Also by its identity in a network: the number and type of partners and the relation with these partners
    25. 25. © 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – National Library of the Netherlands The Memory of the Netherlands Bas Savenije Example: Network of libraries in the Netherlands • KB, public libraries, university libraries • Towards a national information infrastructure • Union catalogue for print items • Digital content repository for all relevant digital information: E-books, journals (licensed and open access), cultural heritage
    26. 26. © 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – National Library of the Netherlands The Memory of the Netherlands Bas Savenije The national library infrastructure • A national digital library • Access through all libraries: front offices • New target groups for public libraries • Example: pilot with Elsevier Science
    27. 27. © 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – National Library of the Netherlands The Memory of the Netherlands Bas Savenije Cultural heritage institutions • Borders between different types of content are blurring • Users want integrated access • Long term: National Digital Information Infrastructure • Neerlandiana: aggregator for Europeana
    28. 28. © 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – National Library of the Netherlands The Memory of the Netherlands Bas Savenije Audio-Visual Collections Museums’ collections Publications Archives National Digital Information Infrastructure Europeana
    29. 29. © 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – National Library of the Netherlands The Netherlands Coalition for Digital Preservation (NCDD) The Memory of the Netherlands © 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – Nationale bibliotheek van Nederland Established 2008 Cross-domain national coalition, covering the entire public sector: • public records and archives • research community • (public) media • cultural heritage Bas Savenije
    30. 30. © 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – National Library of the Netherlands Membership NCDD The Memory of the Netherlands © 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – Nationale bibliotheek van Nederland • 3TU.Datacentre (3 universities of technology) • Data Archiving and Networked Services (DANS) • KB, National Library of the Netherlands • Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations (BZK) • Nationaal Archief, National Archives of the Netherlands • Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision • Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) • Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW) • SURFfoundation (innovation in higher education and research) Bas Savenije
    31. 31. © 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – National Library of the Netherlands Mission NCDD The Memory of the Netherlands © 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – Nationale bibliotheek van Nederland To facilitate the establishment of a national infrastructure for long-term access to digital objects in the public sector within a five-year time span. Infrastructure = • awareness throughout the lifecycle • clearly defined roles and responsibilities • trustworthy repositories • shared services and tools • structural funding • selection mechanisms • knowledge and expertise Bas Savenije
    32. 32. © 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – National Library of the Netherlands Basic principles of the NCDD strategic agenda The Memory of the netherlands © 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – Nationale bibliotheek van Nederland • Every individual organisation is responsible for ensuring long-term access to its own digital objects • Cooperation within sectors must be strengthened: process driven by network leaders • Cooperation between sectors must be strengthened: the NCDD • Administrative cooperation must also be strengthened Bas Savenije
    33. 33. © 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – National Library of the Netherlands Network responsibilities The Memory of the Netherlands © 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – Nationale bibliotheek van Nederland Bas Savenije Sector Network leader Present remit Proposed network remit Public records National Archives Public records at national level Public records at local and provincial level; private archives Research - publications - research data Koninklijke Bibliotheek Data Archiving & Networked Services All Dutch publications Humanities and social sciences -- All other disciplines (making use of international infrastructures) Media Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision Output public broadcasting companies Knowledge & expertise for all audiovisual digital objects Cultural heritage To be decided upon Present practice: Publications: KB Audiovisual: Sound and Vision Archeology: DANS Other cultural heritage collections (museums, etc.)
    34. 34. © 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – National Library of the Netherlands The Memory of the Netherlands Bas Savenije “Well in our country,” said Alice, still panting a little, “you’d generally get to somewhere else - if you ran very fast for a long time, as we’ve been doing.” “A slow sort of country!” said the Queen. “Now, here, you see, it takes all the running you can do, to keep in the same place. If you want to get somewhere else, you must run at least twice as fast as that!”
    35. 35. © 2010 Koninklijke Bibliotheek – National Library of the Netherlands The Memory of the Netherlands Bas Savenije Thank you ! bas.savenije@kb.nl

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