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Smartphone App Dev Is Cool

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Presented at the 3rd Mobile Bootcamp at Strathmore University

Presented at the 3rd Mobile Bootcamp at Strathmore University

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  • http://java.sun.com/javame/index.jsp
  • iPhone developer portal: http://developer.apple.com/iphoneUseful documents: iPhone Human Interface Guidelines: http://developer.apple.com/iphone/library/documentation/UserExperience/Conceptual/MobileHIG/Introduction/Introduction.htmlFree ebook: Be An Xcoder: http://www.cocoalab.com/BecomeAnXcoder.pdfSuggested books: Beginning iPhone Development: http://www.amazon.com/Beginning-iPhone-Development-Exploring-SDK/dp/1430216263/ref=pd_sim_b_1Programming Objective C 2.0: http://www.amazon.com/Programming-Objective-C-2-0-Developers-Library/dp/0321566157/ref=pd_sim_b_1
  • Developer site: http://developer.android.comOpen handset alliance: http://www.openhandsetalliance.comBooks:Professional Android Development: http://www.amazon.com/Professional-Android-Application-Development-Programmer/dp/0470344717/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1245660673&sr=1-1
  • Developer portal: developer.symbian.comSymbian Foundation: http://www.symbian.orgBooks:Developing Software for Symbian OS: http://www.amazon.com/Developing-Software-Symbian-2nd-Applications/dp/0470725702/ref=pd_cp_b_1
  • Developer portal: http://na.blackberry.com/eng/developers/
  • Windows Mobile Developer Portal: http://www.microsoft.com/windowsmobile/en-us/developers/default.mspxWM team blog: http://blogs.msdn.com/mobiledev/BooksWindows Mobile Development Handbook: http://www.amazon.com/Microsoft%C2%AE-Mobile-Development-Handbook-Wigley/dp/0735623589/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1246899913&sr=1-1
  • Developer portal: http://developer.palm.com/
  • Transcript

    • 1. Why (I think) Smartphone App Dev is Cool
    • 2. http://www.africanpixel.com/
    • 3. Mobile Applications Development
      The Platforms
      (Not so important for this particular talk)
    • 4. Mobile Platforms
      Categorization of mobile app dev
      Low-end platforms
      SMS
      USSD
      JavaCard & SIM Application Toolkit
      Mid-level phones platforms
      Java ME
      Smartphone platforms (The cool stuff…)
      iPhone
      Android
      Symbian
      Windows Mobile
      Blackberry
      Palm WebOS
      Samsung’s Bada OS - http://www.bada.com/
    • 5.
    • 6. Low-end devices
      Nokia 1100
    • 7.
    • 8. Low-end device platforms
      Options:
      SMS based apps
      USSD
      SIM Application Toolkit
      Pros:
      Ubiquitous (a beautiful property)
      Not so complex
      If you are a dev, no worries about interface design; but you must consider interaction design
      Cons
      Very limited
      Possible dependency on a mobile service provider
    • 9. Mid-Level: Java Micro Edition (Java ME)
      Gray-area – Smartphones also support this, but not all phones that support this are Smartphones
      Version of Java aimed at devices with limited resources
      Highly optimized runtime environment
      Problem: differences in device capabilities, memory, processor
      Solution:
      Configurations: provides the most basic set of libraries and virtual machine capabilities for a broad range of devices-
      Connected Limited Device Configuration (CLDC);
      Connected Device Config. (CDC)
      Profiles: For a config., a set of APIs that support a narrower range of devices e.g. Mobile Information Device Profile (MIDP)
      Optional Packages: a set of technology-specific APIs; means of providing additional functionality
    • 10. And then the cool stuff…
    • 11. Smartphone: iPhone
      iPhone 3G
    • 12. Smartphone: iPhone
      Language: Objective-C ; CocoaTouch framework
      Difficulty: Very steep learning curve but gets much easier after that
      Tools:
      Hardware: Mac (pretty expensive)
      Software: Xcode (free); iPhone SDK
      Pros:
      Very comprehensive APIs, very well documented
      The iPhone is a great platform esp for consumer level apps
      Ready online market place for your apps
      Free tools (once you have the costly hardware)
      Cons
      Very different programming style
      Expensive to get a handset to test on
      You need specific hardware
      Marketplace controlled by Apple; 70-30 revenue sharing; Apps have to be approved by Apple first
      Only one device manufacturer and device type
    • 13. Snippet from: Beginning iPhone Development; Dave Mark, Jeff LaMarche
    • 14. Snippet from: Beginning iPhone Development; Dave Mark, Jeff LaMarche
    • 15. Smartphone: Android
      HTC Droid Eris
    • 16. Smartphone: Android
      Language: Java
      Difficulty: Intermediate to advanced Java & J2ME
      Tools:
      Hardware: PC or Mac
      Software: Eclipse is the editor of choice; Android SDK
      Pros:
      Familiar programming model
      Very comprehensive APIs, very well documented
      Ready online market place for your apps
      Open source OS
      Open Handset Alliance creates a strong backing
      Free tools
      Cons
      Handsets not readily available (at least in Africa). Google offers a developer handset (not free)
      The platform is still young, not many Android based handsets out there; but that will change – potentially many device manufacturers Samsung, HTC etc
    • 17. Smartphone: Symbian
      Nokia N-series
    • 18. Smartphone: Symbian
      Language: Mainly Native Symbian C++; Java ME, Flash & Python Runtimes
      Difficulty: Challenging for C++; Java ME more familiar; more control with C++
      Tools:
      Hardware: PC
      Software: Symbian Application Development Toolkit (ADT); SDKs e.g. Nokia S60 SDK
      Pros:
      Familiar programming model
      Very comprehensive APIs, very well documented
      Ready online market place for your apps
      Open source OS
      Symbian Foundation backs the development of Symbian
      Handsets are readily available
      Many device types and manufacturers – Samsung, LG, Nokia
      Free tools
      Cons
      Needs some good experience with C++
    • 19. Smartphone: Blackberry
      Blackberry Storm
    • 20. Smartphone: Blackberry
      Language: Several options: Java, .NET,
      Difficulty: For Java, if you are familiar with J2ME you’ll be great. .NET is by nature not so hard
      Tools:
      Hardware: PC
      Software: For Java: Plugin for Eclipse, Blackberry JDE; For .NET: Plugin for VS; MDS Studio
      Pros:
      Options for programming languages and tools
      Very comprehensive APIs, very well documented
      Good for enterprise apps
      Handsets are readily available
      Free tools
      Cons
      IMHO perhaps not the best for consumer apps
      Writing apps for different Blackberry devices can get tricky; have to pick the right version of tools for the right OS version
      Only one device manufacturer RIM
    • 21. Smartphone: Windows Mobile
      Samsung Omnia
    • 22. Smartphone: Windows Mobile
      Language: Mainly .NET or C++
      Difficulty: Not so hard, you should be very comfortable if you are familiar with .NET
      Tools:
      Hardware: PC
      Software: Visual Studio, SDKs (PocketPC, Smartphone)
      Pros:
      .NET is not so hard
      Very comprehensive APIs, very well documented
      Good for enterprise apps and consumer apps
      Handsets are readily available
      Visual Studio will cost you, the SDKs are free
      Lots of device manufacturers, types of devices – HTC, Samsung, i-mate etc
      Cons
      It has been said that WM is on the decline due to competition from the other platforms esp. Blackberry (in the enterprise) & iPhone (consumer level) and now Android
    • 23. Smartphone: Palm WebOS
      Palm Pre
    • 24. Smartphone: Palm WebOS
      Linux based OS
      Very new, the Palm Pre was launched earlier this year at CES.
      Developer SDK (Mojo) yet to be released. Later this year
      The Palm Pre is the only device currently running this OS
      Palm will provide an on-device application catalog to deliver your apps directly to users.
      HTML, CSS, JavaScript based applications
    • 25. And then the important stuff…
      (for this particular talk)
    • 26. The Big Question… Why Smartphones?
    • 27. More comprehensive APIs, capabilities, control
    • 28. This means…
      You can do waaaaymore
      Create more engaging, richer user experiences
    • 29. Rise of the App Store
    • 30. App Stores Equals…
      Less logistical issues
      Direct to consumer’s device
      Just build your app, set a price, and set it free = Very good for a developer!
      (Caution Apple App Store can get tricky though)
    • 31. Reality: The Slap in the Face…
    • 32. Some Perspective
    • 33. Apps Made FOR AfricavsApps Made IN Africa
    • 34. In the end… it’s still pretty cool!
    • 35. General Guidance to Smartphone Dev
      Pick a platform
      Learn a bit about the OS in general
      Understand the environment in which your app will run
      How the OS treats scenarios like multi-tasking
      Could help with things like performance tuning
      Get the tools
      Learn the APIs
      Learn as you go – it’s easier to pick what you need and learn it when you need it instead of trying to learn all the APIs beforehand
      Design, Design, Design is key for consumer apps
    • 36. Wilfred M Mworia
      Founder: African Pixel & Afrinnovator
      wilfred.mworia@africanpixel.com
      http://www.africanpixel.com
      http://www.afrinnovator.com
      http://wmworia.wordpress.com
      http://designclinic.wordpress.com