An introduction to geographic information and why it is important
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An introduction to geographic information and why it is important

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Brian Higgs, Corporate GIS Manager at Dudley Metropolitan Borough Council, shows some examples of geographical information systems (GIS) being used to inform delivery of public services and in a wide ...

Brian Higgs, Corporate GIS Manager at Dudley Metropolitan Borough Council, shows some examples of geographical information systems (GIS) being used to inform delivery of public services and in a wide range of business sectors.

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  • Corporate PowerPoint Template (Version 2, May 2004) – for large audiences
  • We have taken this at household level . Caution this is not real data but a propensity towards. We are using our own data to assign confidence levels to this dataset

An introduction to geographic information and why it is important An introduction to geographic information and why it is important Presentation Transcript

  • An introduction to Geographic Information and why it is important Birmingham 18 th November Brian Higgs Corporate GIS Manager
  • What is Geography?
    • Spatial is one of only five ways to analyse information
      • Obvious
      • Where is my nearest library or doctors surgery?
      • How many households are there within 2km of the proposed recycling centre?
      • Where do the pupils who attend a particular school actually live?
      • Less so
      • Who is my councillor?
      • When does my bin get emptied?
    • Synergy – the ability to join up data about the same real world object or individual.
  • GI as a Facilitator
    • Modern society now depends on seemingly limitless numbers of computerised databases.
    • Bank/credit details, store cards, insurance and health records, Facebook and other internet applications, etc…
    • Most of these contain some form of geo-code that can be linked to reference geographies, eg nearly 90% of Local Authority databases fall into this category.
  • EXPERIAN - MOSAIC UK Northgate - Electoral Register ONS - Index of Multiple Deprivation GIS and LLPG APAS - Planning Applications back to 1947 Building Reg’s TPO’s Enforcements Planning Policy GVA - Corporate Asset Management CENTRIS - Pupil Records iWorld – Housing Management M3/Northgate - Environmental Health NLIS - Land Charges CONFIRM - Arbor / Grounds Maintenance Northgate - Revenues and Benefits Business Link Data MAYRISE - Street Lighting Symology - Highways Maintenance ExeGesIS - HBSMR ASPIRE - CRM (Dudley Council Plus) ELMS2 - Community Equipment EMS - Early Years SIDEM – Parking Management SWIFT - Social Service Clients ONS - Census Data
  • Reference Geographies
    • Postcode
      • Designed to be a mail delivery mechanism not a reference geography, but everyone knows theirs
    • Address
      • As above but factors such as “gentrification” make the ability to match difficult so resort to property references
    • Transportation networks
      • Roads, railways, canals, rivers etc. Different communities will often see the same object differently
    • Co-ordinates
      • Different co-ordinate systems require translation such as data captured through GPS (latitude/longitude) to be mapped on O.S. maps (National Grid)
  • Local Authority applications using spatial technologies
  •  
  • 500m radius search area
  •  
  • Customer Insight and Social Marketing
        • We already know which of our services they use, so collate the service lines through the address in order to build up a profile of the customer…
    Household Business Housing Benefit Council Housing Address Type Age Tenure Environmental Health Trading Standards Trade Waste Non-Domestic Rating CRM etc Individual Social Services Pupil Records Electoral Register CRM etc Housing Benefit Council Housing Type Age Tenure Environmental Health Trading Standards Trade Waste Non-Domestic Rating CRM etc Social Services Pupil Records Electoral Register CRM etc
        • Where they live will give some insight into their demographic profile and identify services that aren’t being taken up but perhaps should be, using sources such as:
          • Profiling data e.g. IMD
          • Local Authority and partner data
          • Commercially available data, e.g. MOSIAC
    A GI-based approach to getting to know your customer Customer Insight and Social Marketing
  • Mosaic data
  • Reproduced from O.S. mapping with the permission of The Controller of H.M.S.O. Crown Copyright 2009 Licence No. 100019566
  • All 110 schools have accessed it with Primary Schools the most active users One user interface from Reception Class through to Sixth Form Supports cross-curricular delivery The first application to be delivered through Dudley Schools Portal GIS-MO for Schools
  • Other sector applications
  • Retail Sector
    • Planning the location of new stores using geo-demographics, e.g. analyses of catchments and drive-times
    • Loyalty cards enable them to monitor what you buy and from where; assists planning of promotions and reducing unsold stock
  • Insurance Sector – Flood Risk
  • Health Sector
  • Public-facing applications
  • Health Services
  • Government
  • Route Planning
  • Fault Reporting
  • Open Access Mapping Infrastructure
  • Geography has “broken out”
    • Neo-geographers
    • our view of them:
    • their view of us:
  • Because it’s there to be mapped… Locations of places mentioned in one band’s songs
  • Validating and improving authoritative data – despite the authorities!
  • Community calendar – where and when
  • Historical information German V2 rocket strikes on London
        • Thank you for your attention