Hand Model for Involvement in Mission The Fact of Sin The Entrance of Sin The Nature of Sin The Extent of Sin The Remedy for Sin THE UNIVERSALITY OF GOD’S MISSIONARY INTENT!
Missions in the Bible Old Testament New Testament The World of the Nations – COME! GO! – The World of the Nations – COME – Israel in Relation to the World The Church in Relation to the World GO! GO! GO! Come! Come! Go! Go! Centripetal Centrifugal
Mission observed through Portraits of Christ in the Gospels Ever enlarging and deepening Mark historical/existential . . . scriptural/revelational . . . universal history . . . cosmic and metaphysical Matthew Luke John
Mission observed through Theological Concepts of Christ 1. The Focal Point of Christ’s Proclamation: The Kingdom of God 2. The Central Revelation of Christ: The Fatherhood of God 3. Christ in His Unique Self-revelation: The Son of Man 4. Christ in His Fundamental Purpose: His Atoning Death and Resurrection 6. Christ in His Return: The Final Reckoning Filled with Missionary Content and Charged with Missionary Dynamic 5. Christ in His Postresurrection Commission
Important Questions! <ul><li>What do these major theological concepts of Christ do for our understanding of Jesus; and what should our understandings of Jesus then do for our understanding of mission (remember the definition I gave you)? </li></ul>
Mission observed through the Explicit Universality of Christ <ul><li>In the Announcements </li></ul><ul><li>In His Ministry </li></ul><ul><li>In His Teaching </li></ul>
Christ’s Method in Ministry Is there a contradiction between “seeming” particularism (to Israel only) and obvious universality in his life? In spite of implicit and explicit universality, there is undeniable particularism, as seen in: <ul><li>no mission to Gentiles or on Gentile soil </li></ul><ul><li>He tells us He was sent to lost sheep of Israel </li></ul><ul><li>prohibits disciples to go beyond Israel </li></ul><ul><li>tone of Jesus’ words to non-Jewish nations </li></ul>
Apparent Conflict Resolved in Light of Two Considerations: <ul><li>1. No real gospel message for Gentiles before cross and resurrection. </li></ul>2. Distinction made between His “Philosophy” of Ministry and His “Methodology” of accomplishing His purposes <ul><li>In facts of incarnation, He . . . </li></ul><ul><li>In facts of life, culture, and earthly ministry, He . . . </li></ul><ul><li>Philosophy </li></ul><ul><li>Methodology </li></ul><ul><li>Ultimate results of this methodology: </li></ul>
The Ultimate Results of His Methodology <ul><li>Out of apparent failure came a significant remnant, which gave us </li></ul>-- the apostles, including Paul -- the first Christian church -- tens of thousands of Jews became Christians -- first missys were Jews Let us always keep this in mind.
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