La Nuova Architettura Processori Intel® Xeon® 5500
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La Nuova Architettura Processori Intel® Xeon® 5500

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    La Nuova Architettura Processori Intel® Xeon® 5500 La Nuova Architettura Processori Intel® Xeon® 5500 Presentation Transcript

    • Intel Xeon® 5500 Application Benefits Andrea Toigo Enterprise Technology Specialist Intel Corporation Italy/Switzerland Sun Confidential: Internal Only 1
    • Intel Innovation Cycles (“Tick-Tock” Model) Intel’s Silicon Cadence A coordinated and accelerated • pace of architecture innovation Based on industry-leading silicon • expertise & architectural design capabilities (parallel teams) Providing energy-efficient • architectures at a pace to fuel industry-wide innovation and growth Tock Tick Tock Tick Tock Westmere Penryn Sandy Bridge Nehalem Intel® Core™ Compaction/ Compaction/ Derivative NEW Microarchitecture Derivative NEW Microarchitecture NEW Microarchitecture 32nm 32nm 45nm 45nm 65nm Forecast “Tick Tock” (Shrink) (Innovate) Sun Confidential: Internal Only 2
    • Insatiable Demand for Performance, Density & Efficiency Your Demand For Performance Intel Power Reduction Over Time 1.E+00 1 ZFlops 1.E-01 1.E-02 1 EFlops 100 PFlops 1.E-03 1 PFlops 1.E-04 1.E-05 1 TFlops 1.E-06 1 GFlops 1.E-07 100 MFlops 2000 2005 2010 2010 1970 1980 1990 1993 1999 2005 2011 2017 2023 2029 Source: Top500.org ~ 1 Million Factor Reduction In Energy per Transistor Over 30+ Years Sun Confidential: Internal Only 3
    • The Intel® Xeon® Processor 5500 Series 4 * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright © 2009, Intel Corporation.
    • Delivering Intelligent Performance Next Generation Intel® Microarchitecture Bandwidth Intensive Intel® QuickPath Technology • Integrated Memory Controller • Threaded Applications Intel® Data Center Intel® 5520 Chipset Manager 45nm quad-core Intel® Xeon® Processors • Intel® Node Manager Intel® Hyper-threading Technology • Technology PCI Express* 2.0 Performance on Demand Intel® Turbo Boost Technology • Intel® X25-E Intel® 82599 10GbE ICH 9/10 SSDs Controller Intel® Intelligent Power Technology • Performance That Adapts to Your Software Environment All future products, dates, and figures are preliminary and are subject to change without any notice. 5 * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright © 2009, Intel Corporation.
    • QuickPath Interconnect • Nehalem introduces new Nehalem Nehalem QuickPath Interconnect (QPI) EP EP • High bandwidth, low latency point to point interconnect • Up to 6.4 GT/sec initially – 6.4 GT/sec -> 12.8 GB/sec – Bi-directional link -> 25.6 GB/sec per link IOH CPU CPU memory memory – Future implementations at even higher speeds • Highly scalable for systems CPU CPU with varying # of sockets memory memory IOH 6 * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright © 2009, Intel Corporation.
    • Integrated Memory Controller (IMC) Memory controller optimized per market segment • Initial Nehalem products • Native DDR3 IMC • Up to 3 channels per socket • Speeds up to DDR3-1333 • Nehalem Nehalem DDR3 Massive memory bandwidth • EP DDR3 EP Designed for low latency • Support RDIMM and UDIMM • Tylersburg RAS Features • EP Future products • Scalability • Vary # of memory channels • Increase memory speeds • Buffered and Non-Buffered solutions • Market specific needs • Higher memory capacity • Integrated graphics • Significant performance through new IMC Sun Confidential: Internal Only 7
    • Performance Enhancements Intel® Xeon® 5500 Series Processor (Nehalem-EP) Intel® Hyper-threading Technology Intel® Turbo Boost Technology Increases performance by increasing processor frequency Increases performance for threaded applications delivering and enabling faster speeds when conditions allow greater throughput and responsiveness Normal 4C Turbo <4C Turbo Frequency Core0 Core0 Core1 Core1 Core2 Core3 Core1 Core2 Core3 Core0 All cores All cores Fewer cores operate at operate may operate at rated at higher even higher frequency frequency frequencies Higher Performance Higher Performance on Demand For Threaded Workloads Turbo Boost animation Sun Confidential: Internal Only 8
    • Performance 9 * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright © 2009, Intel Corporation.
    • Performance Summary Intel® Xeon® Processor 5500 Series (Nehalem-EP) Mainstream Technical General Purpose High Performance Computing Memory Enterprise Servers Compute Servers Bandwidth 3.5X Bandwidth Weather 2.25X Performance Up to Comp Up to Energy Virtualization Fluid Database Finite Floating Point Dynamics Element Analysis SAP Integer Java Intel Xeon X5570 (2.93 GHz) vs. Intel Xeon X5482 (3.20GHz) Intel Xeon X5570 (2.93 GHz) vs. Intel Xeon X5460 (3.16GHz) Compelling Performance Gains Across the Board Sun Confidential: Internal Only 10
    • Intel Xeon Processor ® ® 2S Performance Intel® Xeon® 5500 Performance gains represent a blend (GEO mean) of five common 2-socket workload types across a range of typical Relative Performance usages (see details) Intel® Xeon® 5400 Intel® Xeon® 5300 Intel® Xeon® 5100 Intel Multi-Core Intel Single-Core Compelling performance gains Enables unprecedented opportunities for business Source. Intel. December 8, 2008. Based on Internal testing on pre-production Intel Xeon Processor 5500 based servers. This information is preliminary and subject to change before launch. For notes and disclaimers, see performance and legal information slides at end of this presentation. Sun Confidential: Internal Only 11
    • Energy Efficiency 12 * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright © 2009, Intel Corporation.
    • Energy Efficiency Enhancements Intel® Intelligent Power Technologies Automated Low Power States Integrated Power Gates1 Enables idle cores to go to near More and lower CPU power states zero power independently Reduced latency during transitions Power management now on memory, I/O Voltage (cores) ENHANCED! Core0 Core1 Core2 Core3 NEW! NEW! Voltage (rest of processor) Adjusts System Power Consumption Automatic Operation or Manual Core Based on Real-time Load Disable2 1 Integrated power gates (C6) requires OS support. 2 Requires BIOS setting change and system reboot. Sun Confidential: Internal Only 13
    • Energy Efficiency Summary Up to 2.25x performance, similar power envelope† • Lower system idle power reduces IT costs Energy Efficiency • Dynamically turns cores on/off to meet • performance needs Idle and Peak Power Reductions† Matching Power Consumed to Performance Delivered 12% System Power 50% Server technology designed to better optimize cost and performance real time Idle 50% 100% System Utilization † Source: Intel internal measurements using SPECjbb2005* as of Aug 2007. System configurations: 2S, 80W processors, 8 DIMMs, 1 HDD, 1 PSU. Except Irwindale=110W processors; Power measurements using SPECjbb2005. Tylersburg-EP from Intel internal measurements as of Sept 2008 with 2.93GHz 95W processors. This information is preliminary and subject to change before launch. For more information, see legal information slide at end of this presentation. Sun Confidential: Internal Only 14
    • Virtualization 15 * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others. Copyright © 2009, Intel Corporation.
    • Intel® Xeon® 5500 Series: First Platform With End-to-end HW Virtualization Intel® VT-x Intel® VT For Intel® VT For Directed I/O Connectivity Processor Chipset Network Intel® VT-d Intel® VT-c Intel® VT Flex Migration Extended Page Tables Intel Platform Virtualization Technologies Intel® VT Flex Priority Virtual Machine Device Queues (VMDq) Sun Confidential: Internal Only 16
    • Enhancing Virtualization Performance Lower Overhead†† Better Performance† VMmark – VMware ESX “Roundtrip” Virtualization Latency ~40% Quicker over Xeon® 5400 Up to 2.6x Higher Intel QPI Performance 18 slots DDR3 memory EPT VPID PCIe2 More VMs Virtualization Software Efficiency (Per Server, Per Core, Per Ft2, Per Watt) (Nehalem Microarchitecture, EPT, VPID) † Source: Published/submitted/approved results March 30, 2009. See backup for additional details †† Source: Intel internal measurements. Intel Xeon processor 5500 series (Nehalem) vs. Intel® Xeon® processor 5400 series (Penryn) and Intel® Core™ microarchitecture (Merom) Sun Confidential: Internal Only 17
    • Flexible Virtualization Through Leadership Processor, Chipset, and I/0 Enhancements Live Migration Consolidation Enhanced I/O, Compatible Architecture More Resources, Hardware Assist CapEx and OpEx Reduction Fluid Movement of VMs Over Network Improved Utilization Sun Confidential: Internal Only 18
    • Server Workloads 2008 MCS Server Lifecycle Question 5.6: Approximately how many years do you estimate that your XXOS servers will be kept in operation? Figure 33: Server Deployment Lifecycle Median Most typical: The data was 3 years & 5 years surprisingly Average: similar by ~4 years company size and vertical industry Sun Confidential: Internal Only 19 19 © 2008 IDC
    • Energy Efficiency Refresh (Same Performance Footprint) 2005 2009 184 single core servers 21 Intel® Xeon® 5500 based servers Up to Up to Annual Energy Costs 8 month 9X 90% Return on Investment Server Reduction Estimated Reduction Source: Intel estimates as of Nov 2008. Performance comparison using SPECjbb2005 bops (business operations per second). Results have been estimated based on internal Intel analysis and are provided for informational purposes only. Any difference in system hardware or software design or configuration may affect actual performance. For detailed calculations, configurations and assumptions refer to the legal information slide in backup. Sun Confidential: Internal Only 20
    • Performance Refresh (1:1 Server Replacement) 2005 2009 Single Core Xeon® 5500 Series 382W Per Server 315W Per Server 51K business operation per second 447K business operations per second Same Up to Annual Energy Costs 8.8X 18% Data Center Footprint and Design Performance Estimated Reduction Source: Intel estimates as of Nov 2008. Performance comparison using SPECjbb2005 bops (business operations per second). Results have been estimated based on internal Intel analysis and are provided for informational purposes only. Any difference in system hardware or software design or configuration may affect actual performance. For detailed calculations, configurations, and assumptions refer to the legal information slide in backup. Sun Confidential: Internal Only 21
    • Summary Up to 3.5x the bandwidth for technical computing† • Up to 2.25x performance for enterprise computing† Performance • 2x software threads and performance boost • on demand Up to 2.25x performance, similar power envelope† • Lower system idle power reduces IT costs Energy Efficiency • Dynamically turns cores on/off to meet • performance needs Expand existing pools with Intel VT FlexMigration • Unique capabilities for live VM migration over network Virtualization • Highest 2S virtualization scores mean more VMs • per server† Refresh With Intel® Xeon® 5500 Series: Boost Performance, Lower IT Costs, 8-month ROI † Source: Intel internal measurements, January 2009. For notes and disclaimers, see performance and legal information slides at end of this presentation. Sun Confidential: Internal Only 22
    • Sun Confidential: Internal Only 28