Online legal consideration


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Online legal consideration

  1. 1. Legal Consideration<br />In an<br />online world<br />3350831 GONG Wenfen3392437 HU Xinyu3344828 YIN Liang <br />
  2. 2. Contents:<br />A Historical Prologue<br />Intellectual property<br />Integrity, Libel and Redress<br />
  3. 3. A Historical Prologue<br />Between the 1930s and the mid-1950s, the scientific and technical basis of a revolution was created.<br />1980s. The first Internet revolution initialized a new realm of free creation and exchange of information <br />
  4. 4. But now!!!<br />
  5. 5.  Intellectual property <br />IP is a term referring to a number of distinct types of creations of the mind for which a set of exclusive rights are recognized—and the corresponding fields of law. Under intellectual property law, owners are granted certain exclusive rights to a variety of intangible assets, such as musical, literary, inventions and so on. <br />
  6. 6. Common types of intellectual property rights include copyrights, trademarks, patents, industrial design rights and trade secrets in some jurisdictions.<br />
  7. 7.
  8. 8. Question Time:<br />What are your thoughts with this Image(IP) ??<br />Do you feel that Modernization & Technology <br />in some ways has affected <br />the strengths & rights of <br />Intellectual Property ??<br /> Such as music.<br />
  9. 9. Integrity, Libel and Redress<br />Increased possibility of reuse, new intermediary and end-user empowerment on presentations---all this means that a given content will be used in a context that is less and less under control of its original creator.<br />
  10. 10. Two approaches:<br />The first one is to reinforce a prior control on information publishing.<br />The second approach is to try to constitute positive counterweights to the potentially dangerous trends. <br />
  11. 11. Legal Consideration<br />In an<br />online world<br />3350831 GONG Wenfen3392437 HU Xinyu3344828 YIN Liang <br />
  12. 12. Privacy<br /><ul><li>without putting into consideration the privacy implications</li></ul>Very few individuals have limited the amount of private information and details about them that can be accessed online. <br />Several governments are currently implementing the EU Privacy Directive Cookie Consent Provisions. <br /> the UK ratcheted up matters pertaining to privacy, data security and cyber security.<br /><ul><li>Apart from the fact that a report has been issued by the U.S. government asking for cyber legislations</li></ul>it is still evident that federal agencies are keen at examining the industry data practices. <br />
  13. 13. Security system network for online Web protection<br />Wireless and broadband users surf the Web and play a significant role<br />Several users have intensified their online communication by participating in activities<br /> such as downloading, uploading, trading and sharing.<br />take steps that will limit their exposure to other <br /> internet users by changing their behavior<br /> Some of the steps that can enhance privacy include:<br /><ul><li>desisting from downloading from peer-to-peer networks,
  14. 14. visiting untrustworthy websites
  15. 15. downloading certain kinds of software</li></li></ul><li>Legal Consideration<br />In an<br />online world<br />3350831 GONG Wenfen3392437 HU Xinyu3344828 YIN Liang <br />
  16. 16. copyright<br />A copyright is a set of exclusive rights granted by a state to the creator of an original work or their assignee for a limited period of time upon disclosure of the work. This includes the right to copy, distribute and adapt the work<br />
  17. 17. Copyright as the expression of a creative idea (not the idea itself) in a permanent form e.g.<br />Books<br />Artwork<br />Music<br />Films<br />Video games<br />Software<br />
  18. 18. Copyright protects:<br />textual material (“literary works”) such as journal articles, novels, screenplays, poems, song, lyrics and reports;<br />computer programs;<br />compilations) such as anthologies, directories, databases, individual items contained in the compilation;<br />artistic works such as paintings, drawings, cartoons, sculpture, craft work, architectural plans, buildings, photographs, maps and plans;<br />dramatic works such as choreography, screenplays, plays and mime pieces;<br />musical works: that is, the music itself, separately from any lyrics or recording;<br />cinematograph films: the visual images and sounds in a film, video or DVD are protected, separately from any copyright in works recorded on the film or video, such as scripts and music;<br />sound recordings: the particular recording itself is protected by copyright, in addition to, for example, the music or story that is recorded;<br />broadcasts: TV and radio broadcasters have a copyright in their broadcasts, which is separate from the copyright in the films, music and other material which they broadcast; and<br />published editions: publishers have copyright in their typographical arrangements, which is separate from the copyright in works reproduced in the edition (such as poems or illustrations<br />
  19. 19. Copyright owner’s exclusive rights:<br />Economic rights<br />Reproduce in a material form or make a copy (includes converting it from analog into digital form)<br />Make an adaptation of a work<br />Publish work<br />Perform a work in public<br />Communicate to the public (all works & subject matter other than works) ‘make available online or electronically transmit a work or other subject matter’<br />Commercial rental<br />Each ‘work’ and each type of ‘subject matter other than works’ have different bundles of exclusive rights to: Reproduce; Publish; Communicate to the public<br />Infringement occurs when someone infringes these rights without permission <br />
  20. 20. Who owns the copyright?<br />Generally the person who creates the work is the first owner of copyright<br />Exceptions – for sound recordings & films, maker is first owner of copyright, for broadcasts it is the maker of the broadcast<br />If a work is produced by an employee in the course of employment as part of normal duties, employer is the first owner of copyright – does not apply to literary, dramatic and artistic works produced by employees of a newspaper, magazine or periodical or to commissioned works where, author has copyright for purposes of reproduction in a book or photocopy but otherwise media proprietor has copyright.<br />