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Objective 5.01:  Understand database tables used in business. Database Fundamentals
<ul><li>A database is a tool for organizing, storing, retrieving, and communicating groups of information that have simila...
Examples of  Business Databases <ul><li>Telephone book </li></ul><ul><li>Student data </li></ul><ul><li>Music </li></ul><u...
What makes a database? 5.01 Understand database tables used in business Slide  <ul><li>Databases consist of four objects: ...
Tables: the Building Blocks  of all Databases 5.01 Understand database tables used in business Slide  <ul><li>Tables organ...
Components of a Database Table  <ul><li>Record  – A group of related fields of information.  Everything on one row is a re...
5.01 Understand database tables used in business Slide  Database Tables: The Big Picture To calculate the number of  entri...
Discussion <ul><li>Name </li></ul><ul><li>Birth date </li></ul><ul><li>Social Security No. </li></ul><ul><li>Street </li><...
Discussion <ul><li>Susan Almond </li></ul><ul><li>10/22/1985 </li></ul><ul><li>245-88-9845 </li></ul><ul><li>31 Bessemer S...
Discussion <ul><li>Susan Almond </li></ul><ul><li>10/22/1985 </li></ul><ul><li>245-88-9845 </li></ul><ul><li>31 Bessemer S...
Discussion <ul><li>Information about multiple employees is classified as a/an: </li></ul><ul><li>Table </li></ul><ul><li>R...
Susan’s Record 5.01 Understand database tables used in business Slide  One record is displayed from the Employee Table abo...
Test your knowledge <ul><li>Using the last page of the Database Fundamentals graphic organizer, classify each database com...
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Database Fundamentals

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  • 5.01 Database Fundamentals
  • 5.01 Database Fundamentals Databases help you manage practically endless types of information: sales and inventory numbers, student records, or a home collection of DVDs, CDs, and videotapes, just to name a few.
  • 5.01 Database Fundamentals
  • 5.01 Database Fundamentals Tables All databases contain one or more tables. Queries Queries can combine data from different tables, update your data, and perform calculations on your data.
  • 5.01 Database Fundamentals
  • 5.01 Database Fundamentals
  • 5.01 Database Fundamentals Distribute B5.01-03 “Parts of a Database” Activity and B5.01-04 “Parts of a Database Activity Two” Activity for students to work on.
  • 5.01 Database Fundamentals
  • 5.01 Database Fundamentals
  • 5.01 Database Fundamentals
  • 5.01 Database Fundamentals
  • 5.01 Database Fundamentals
  • 5.01 Database Fundamentals
  • Transcript of "Database Fundamentals"

    1. 1. Objective 5.01: Understand database tables used in business. Database Fundamentals
    2. 2. <ul><li>A database is a tool for organizing, storing, retrieving, and communicating groups of information that have similar characteristics </li></ul>What is a database? 5.01 Understand database tables used in business Slide
    3. 3. Examples of Business Databases <ul><li>Telephone book </li></ul><ul><li>Student data </li></ul><ul><li>Music </li></ul><ul><li>Fingerprint database </li></ul><ul><li>Dictionaries </li></ul><ul><li>Customer data </li></ul><ul><li>Real estate listings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MLS listings online </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hospital/patient data </li></ul><ul><li>Inventory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Barcode scanner keeps inventory in database </li></ul></ul>5.01 Understand database tables used in business Slide
    4. 4. What makes a database? 5.01 Understand database tables used in business Slide <ul><li>Databases consist of four objects: </li></ul><ul><li>Tables store data in rows and columns* </li></ul><ul><li>Queries retrieve and process data </li></ul><ul><li>Forms control data entry and data views </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Customized manner of inputting data into a database or presenting data on a screen </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reports summarize and print data </li></ul><ul><li>*In this objective, our focus is on tables </li></ul>
    5. 5. Tables: the Building Blocks of all Databases 5.01 Understand database tables used in business Slide <ul><li>Tables organize data </li></ul><ul><li>Each database consists of one or more tables </li></ul><ul><li>Tables store data, so they’re essential building blocks of any database. </li></ul><ul><li>All databases contain at least one table </li></ul><ul><li>A database should have a separate table for every major subject, such as for employee records or customer orders. Data should not be duplicated in multiple tables. </li></ul><ul><li>Tables contain R ows called R ecords and Columns called Fields . </li></ul>
    6. 6. Components of a Database Table <ul><li>Record – A group of related fields of information. Everything on one row is a record </li></ul><ul><li>Field – One item or bit of information in a record; represented by a COLUMN . Comprised of entries </li></ul><ul><li>Entry – Data typed into a field. Made up of characters. Example: John Doe is an entry in the name field. Also known as data. </li></ul>5.01 Understand database tables used in business Slide
    7. 7. 5.01 Understand database tables used in business Slide Database Tables: The Big Picture To calculate the number of entries in a database multiply the number of fields by the number of records. Ex. 5*26= 130 entries in this database. 3. Cells - ENTRIES 1. Rows – RECORDS 2. Columns - FIELDS <ul><li>Records </li></ul><ul><li>Entry </li></ul><ul><li>Fields </li></ul>
    8. 8. Discussion <ul><li>Name </li></ul><ul><li>Birth date </li></ul><ul><li>Social Security No. </li></ul><ul><li>Street </li></ul><ul><li>City </li></ul><ul><li>State </li></ul><ul><li>Zip </li></ul><ul><li>Phone </li></ul><ul><li>Each item on the left is classified as a/an: </li></ul><ul><li>Table </li></ul><ul><li>Record </li></ul><ul><li>Field </li></ul><ul><li>Entry </li></ul>5.01 Understand database tables used in business Slide
    9. 9. Discussion <ul><li>Susan Almond </li></ul><ul><li>10/22/1985 </li></ul><ul><li>245-88-9845 </li></ul><ul><li>31 Bessemer St. </li></ul><ul><li>Greensboro </li></ul><ul><li>NC </li></ul><ul><li>25233 </li></ul><ul><li>336-585-5646 </li></ul><ul><li>Each item on the left is classified as a/an: </li></ul><ul><li>Table </li></ul><ul><li>Record </li></ul><ul><li>Field </li></ul><ul><li>Entry </li></ul>5.01 Understand database tables used in business Slide
    10. 10. Discussion <ul><li>Susan Almond </li></ul><ul><li>10/22/1985 </li></ul><ul><li>245-88-9845 </li></ul><ul><li>31 Bessemer St. </li></ul><ul><li>Greensboro </li></ul><ul><li>NC </li></ul><ul><li>25233 </li></ul><ul><li>336-585-5646 </li></ul><ul><li>All of the information about Susan Almond is classified as a/an: </li></ul><ul><li>Table </li></ul><ul><li>Record </li></ul><ul><li>Field </li></ul><ul><li>Entry </li></ul>5.01 Understand database tables used in business Slide
    11. 11. Discussion <ul><li>Information about multiple employees is classified as a/an: </li></ul><ul><li>Table </li></ul><ul><li>Record </li></ul><ul><li>Field </li></ul><ul><li>Entry </li></ul>5.01 Understand database tables used in business Slide
    12. 12. Susan’s Record 5.01 Understand database tables used in business Slide One record is displayed from the Employee Table above. The table contains 8 fields. Name Bday SS Street City St Zip Phone Almond, Susan 10/22/1985 245-88-9845 31 Bessemer St Greensboro NC 25233 336-585-5646
    13. 13. Test your knowledge <ul><li>Using the last page of the Database Fundamentals graphic organizer, classify each database component. </li></ul>5.01 Understand database tables used in business Slide
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