Lakesheds and riverscapes   extending wisconsin's hydro database with landscape attributes - aaron ruesch
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Lakesheds and riverscapes extending wisconsin's hydro database with landscape attributes - aaron ruesch

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  • *simplify, animate for clarity, dissolve several ideas into one, maybe some images of different productsNational: In the 1970s the USGS (United States Geological Survey) and Water Resources Council created a mapping and classification system that partitioned the U.S. into four hierarchically nested watershed levels. These levels, called Hydrologic Units, divided and subdivided drainage areas down to 250,000 acres (390 sq mi) portions. Over time, however, more detailed hydrologic studies required even smaller subdivisions than the Level 4 (Subbasin) HUs. Recently the USGS, in cooperation with the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), further divided the HU system into six levels of hydrologic units (down to 10,000 acres or 15 sq mi at their smallest). This expanded delineation system is known as the national Watershed Boundary Dataset.
  • *simplify, animate for clarity, dissolve several ideas into one, maybe some images of different productsNational: In the 1970s the USGS (United States Geological Survey) and Water Resources Council created a mapping and classification system that partitioned the U.S. into four hierarchically nested watershed levels. These levels, called Hydrologic Units, divided and subdivided drainage areas down to 250,000 acres (390 sq mi) portions. Over time, however, more detailed hydrologic studies required even smaller subdivisions than the Level 4 (Subbasin) HUs. Recently the USGS, in cooperation with the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), further divided the HU system into six levels of hydrologic units (down to 10,000 acres or 15 sq mi at their smallest). This expanded delineation system is known as the national Watershed Boundary Dataset.
  • *simplify, animate for clarity, dissolve several ideas into one, maybe some images of different productsNational: In the 1970s the USGS (United States Geological Survey) and Water Resources Council created a mapping and classification system that partitioned the U.S. into four hierarchically nested watershed levels. These levels, called Hydrologic Units, divided and subdivided drainage areas down to 250,000 acres (390 sq mi) portions. Over time, however, more detailed hydrologic studies required even smaller subdivisions than the Level 4 (Subbasin) HUs. Recently the USGS, in cooperation with the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), further divided the HU system into six levels of hydrologic units (down to 10,000 acres or 15 sq mi at their smallest). This expanded delineation system is known as the national Watershed Boundary Dataset.
  • *simplify, animate for clarity, dissolve several ideas into one, maybe some images of different productsNational: In the 1970s the USGS (United States Geological Survey) and Water Resources Council created a mapping and classification system that partitioned the U.S. into four hierarchically nested watershed levels. These levels, called Hydrologic Units, divided and subdivided drainage areas down to 250,000 acres (390 sq mi) portions. Over time, however, more detailed hydrologic studies required even smaller subdivisions than the Level 4 (Subbasin) HUs. Recently the USGS, in cooperation with the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), further divided the HU system into six levels of hydrologic units (down to 10,000 acres or 15 sq mi at their smallest). This expanded delineation system is known as the national Watershed Boundary Dataset.
  • Show an image of isolated lakeshed delineation and how NHDplus falls short of delineating these features
  • Show an image of isolated lakeshed delineation and how NHDplus falls short of delineating these features
  • - NHDPlus watersheds were delineated on 1:100k NHD hydro features using the 30m res. NED DEM even though 1:24k NHD and 10m NED are available and quality-checked.- 1:24k USGS topo maps have nearly double the number of features as the 1:100k USGS topo maps- Using a 10-meter DEM provides 9x more detail than a 30-meter DEM
  • Two-fold problem:1.)Misalignment2.) Lack of precision. If we wanted to use NHDPlus attributes, half of the features in the 1:24k WI hydrography would not be attributed
  • 80
  • * FIXED BUFFER 60meter WIDE
  • * Mention
  • This work applies across the whole state of WI, today I’ll show you local results for the W Fork of the Kickapoo river.
  • Years are SUMMERs – this is the whole study period. Should be about 14 years.
  • Years are SUMMERs – this is the whole study period. Should be about 14 years.
  • Years are SUMMERs – this is the whole study period. Should be about 14 years.
  • Mock up of surface water data viewer with a table of likely attributes – drain area, gradient, stream order, stream width, natcomm (classification), 90% exc flow, mean annual flow, max summst, (urban, ag, forest, wetland, open water) proportions *link to “more info”, emphasize richness of databaseCould Do for lake too --- wrt, lake natcomm (classification), (urban, ag, forest, wetland, open water) proportions
  • Mock up of surface water data viewer with a table of likely attributes – drain area, gradient, stream order, stream width, natcomm (classification), 90% exc flow, mean annual flow, max summst, (urban, ag, forest, wetland, open water) proportions *link to “more info”, emphasize richness of databaseCould Do for lake too --- wrt, lake natcomm (classification), (urban, ag, forest, wetland, open water) proportions
  • Mock up of surface water data viewer with a table of likely attributes – drain area, gradient, stream order, stream width, natcomm (classification), 90% exc flow, mean annual flow, max summst, (urban, ag, forest, wetland, open water) proportions *link to “more info”, emphasize richness of databaseCould Do for lake too --- wrt, lake natcomm (classification), (urban, ag, forest, wetland, open water) proportions
  • Mock up of surface water data viewer with a table of likely attributes – drain area, gradient, stream order, stream width, natcomm (classification), 90% exc flow, mean annual flow, max summst, (urban, ag, forest, wetland, open water) proportions *link to “more info”, emphasize richness of databaseCould Do for lake too --- wrt, lake natcomm (classification), (urban, ag, forest, wetland, open water) proportions
  • Take these out
  • Seine 1770Geographical and physical map of the terrestrial basin of the Seine, with all rivers, whose waters make the sea by river from the mountain range that separates the basin from those of fl. neighbors. Compiled by Phil. Buache ... 1770.Carte geographique et physique du bassin terrestre de la Seine, contenant toutes les rivieres, dont les eaux se rendent a la mer par ce fleuve, depuis la chaine de montagnes qui separe ce bassin de ceux des fl. voisins. Dressee par Phil. Buache ... 1770.
  • Seine 1770Geographical and physical map of terrestrial basin of the Seine, with all rivers, whose waters make the sea by river from the mountain range that separates the basin from those of fl. neighbors. Compiled by Phil. Buache ... 1770.Carte geographique et physique du bassin terrestre de la Seine, contenant toutes les rivieres, dont les eaux se rendent a la mer par ce fleuve, depuis la chaine de montagnes qui separe ce bassin de ceux des fl. voisins. Dressee par Phil. Buache ... 1770.
  • Western US 1796This was the first map to show the results of the expedition of J.B. Trudeau from 1794 to 1796. It is also one of the most important late Eighteenth Century maps showing the Transmississippi West and is highly praised (and illustrated) by Wheat: "an important intermediate cartographic step between Soulard's highly rudimentary showing of the Missouri Basin, and the excellent charts of the river as far as the Mandan Villages drawn by McKay and Evans."
  • Western US 1796This was the first map to show the results of the expedition of J.B. Trudeau from 1794 to 1796. It is also one of the most important late Eighteenth Century maps showing the Transmississippi West and is highly praised (and illustrated) by Wheat: "an important intermediate cartographic step between Soulard's highly rudimentary showing of the Missouri Basin, and the excellent charts of the river as far as the Mandan Villages drawn by McKay and Evans."
  • Upper Mississippi 1843First edition, first issue. A larger version of the accompanying map was issued in 1842 with scale of 1:600,000 - this version is unknown to us (and anyone else we have met)- Bray states that only 200 copies were printed; the House of Representatives issued this 1843 edition in 1845 with no changes, although Wagner Camp says the map was smaller and Bray states that it was a more faithful representation of the original 1842 map. See Donald Jackson, The Expeditions of John Charles Fremont, for a history of the Nicollet map and all the Fremont maps. Fremont worked extensively with Nicollet on this map and "this was the work which trained Fremont in cartography." (Jackson). This map was the earliest accurate map of the Northern Plains and the Upper Mississippi. G.K. Warren, in his Memoir, stated that this "map was one of the greatest contributions ever made to American geography." Nicollet died in 1843. His map was years ahead of its time, with its regional concept and sound basis in instrument readings and astronomically determined points. Goetzmann: "Had he lived one more decade, Nicollet would undoubtedly have become the official government cartographer of the whole trans-Mississippi West." Rebound in brown fabric covers with "Hydrographical Basin of the Upper Mississippi, I.N. Nicollet, 1843" in gold on the spine.
  • Upper Mississippi 1843First edition, first issue. A larger version of the accompanying map was issued in 1842 with scale of 1:600,000 - this version is unknown to us (and anyone else we have met)- Bray states that only 200 copies were printed; the House of Representatives issued this 1843 edition in 1845 with no changes, although Wagner Camp says the map was smaller and Bray states that it was a more faithful representation of the original 1842 map. See Donald Jackson, The Expeditions of John Charles Fremont, for a history of the Nicollet map and all the Fremont maps. Fremont worked extensively with Nicollet on this map and "this was the work which trained Fremont in cartography." (Jackson). This map was the earliest accurate map of the Northern Plains and the Upper Mississippi. G.K. Warren, in his Memoir, stated that this "map was one of the greatest contributions ever made to American geography." Nicollet died in 1843. His map was years ahead of its time, with its regional concept and sound basis in instrument readings and astronomically determined points. Goetzmann: "Had he lived one more decade, Nicollet would undoubtedly have become the official government cartographer of the whole trans-Mississippi West." Rebound in brown fabric covers with "Hydrographical Basin of the Upper Mississippi, I.N. Nicollet, 1843" in gold on the spine.

Lakesheds and riverscapes   extending wisconsin's hydro database with landscape attributes - aaron ruesch Lakesheds and riverscapes extending wisconsin's hydro database with landscape attributes - aaron ruesch Presentation Transcript

  • Lakesheds and Riverscapes: Extending Wisconsin’s Hydro Database with Landscape Attributes Aaron Ruesch, Matt Diebel, and Diane Menuz WI DNR Bureau of Science Services Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences Research
  • Important people… • Matt Diebel, WDNR • Diane Menuz, WDNR • John Lyons, WDNR • Jana Stewart, USGS • Steve Westenbroek, USGS • Mike Kakuska, CARPC
  • … 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Present USGS completes 100K DLGs USGS/EPA 100K NHD USGS releases 24K NHD USGS draws HUC levels 4-11 USGS -- HUC12s EPA -- RF3s EPA/Horizon Systems NHDPlus V1 and V2 (100K) Hydrologic mapping: the last 40 years
  • … 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Present USGS completes 100K DLGs USGS/EPA 100K NHD USGS releases 24K NHD USGS draws HUC levels 4-11 USGS -- HUC12s EPA -- RF3s EPA/Horizon Systems NHDPlus V1 and V2 (100K) Hydrologic mapping: the last 40 years
  • … 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Present USGS completes 100K DLGs USGS/EPA 100K NHD USGS releases 24K NHD USGS draws HUC levels 4-11 USGS -- HUC12s EPA -- RF3s EPA/Horizon Systems NHDPlus V1 and V2 (100K) Hydrologic mapping: the last 40 years
  • … 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Present USGS completes 100K DLGs USGS/EPA 100K NHD USGS releases 24K NHD USGS draws HUC levels 4-11 USGS -- HUC12s EPA -- RF3s EPA/Horizon Systems NHDPlus V1 and V2 (100K) Hydrologic mapping: the last 40 years
  • NHDPlus “NHDPlus is an integrated suite of application- ready geospatial data sets that incorporate many of the best features of the National Hydrography Dataset (NHD), the National Elevation Dataset (NED), and the Watershed Boundary Dataset (WBD).” http://www.horizon-systems.com/nhdplus/
  • NHDPlus http://www.horizon-systems.com/nhdplus/
  • NHDPlus http://www.horizon-systems.com/nhdplus/
  • NHDPlus Flow direction Stream order Climate Land-cover Elevation Gradient
  • NHDPlus is FANTASTIC, but… • Internally draining lakesheds often not delineated
  • NHDPlus is FANTASTIC, but… • Internally draining lakesheds often not delineated
  • NHDPlus is FANTASTIC, but… • Internally draining lakesheds often not delineated • 1:100k, derived from 30m DEM – 1:24k, 10m DEM, available
  • NHDPlus is FANTASTIC, but… • Internally draining lakesheds often not delineated • 1:100k, derived from 30m DEM – 1:24k, 10m DEM, available • 1:24k WI hydro geometry does not conform to national geometry
  • NHDPlusV2 released (100K) … 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Present Hydrologic mapping: the last 40 years WDNR delineates HUC16s and 24K riparian zone with value-added attributes for WI and boundary waters
  • WDNR HUC16s 160,000 total features Including boundary waters
  • Lake Geneva Resort and Spa
  • Lake Geneva Resort and Spa
  • Dimensions of Attribution 1. Channel Brenden, T.O., et al., 2006
  • Dimensions of Attribution 1. Channel Riparian 2. Incremental 3. CumulativeBrenden, T.O., et al., 2006
  • Dimensions of Attribution 1. Channel Riparian 2. Incremental 3. Cumulative Watershed 4. Incremental 5. CumulativeBrenden, T.O., et al., 2006
  • Dimensions of Attribution • 997 Total Attributes including… – Channel • Sinuosity • Distance to nearest lake, Great Lake • Gradient – Riparian and watershed • Drainage area, average slope • Surficial geology, Soil Permeability, bedrock depth • Land cover, Presettlement – 2050 (modeled and observed) • Amenable to incorporating additional project- specific attributes
  • How is this database useful? • Modeling fish/insect natural communities in WI streams “In the absence of major human impacts, the occurrence and abundance of fishes and invertebrates in Wisconsin streams is determined largely by stream flow and water temperature […]. Of particular importance are the maximum water temperature and minimum flow in summer.” John Lyons, WDNR report, 2008
  • How is this database useful? • Modeled daily stream temperature for historic period (1990-2000) and forecasted for two periods in coming century (2046-2065 and 2081-2100) • Used artificial neural network modeling framework to select the primary drivers of daily stream temperature • Drivers included static watershed characteristics and dynamic weather metrics Stewart, J. et al. (2006) 7th International Conference on Hydroinformatics
  • West Fork Kickapoo River • Popular Fly Fishing destination • Featured in Trout Unlimited’s Guide to America’s 100 Best Trout Streams • Fishes dependent on cold water
  • Static Watershed Characteristics • Channel – Sinuosity • Riparian – Darcy GW velocity • Watershed – Darcy GW velocity – Drainage area – Urban land cover – Ag land cover – Wetland land cover – Open water
  • • Channel – Sinuosity • Riparian – Darcy GW velocity • Watershed – Darcy GW velocity – Drainage area – Urban land cover – Ag land cover – Wetland land cover – Open water Static Watershed Characteristics
  • Static Watershed Characteristics • Channel – Sinuosity • Riparian – Darcy GW velocity • Watershed – Darcy GW velocity – Drainage area – Urban land cover – Ag land cover – Wetland land cover – Open water
  • Static Watershed Characteristics • Channel – Sinuosity • Riparian – Darcy GW velocity • Watershed – Darcy GW velocity – Drainage area – Urban land cover – Ag land cover – Wetland land cover – Open water
  • Static Watershed Characteristics • Channel – Sinuosity • Riparian – Darcy GW velocity • Watershed – Darcy GW velocity – Drainage area – Urban land cover – Ag land cover – Wetland land cover – Open water
  • Static Watershed Characteristics • Channel – Sinuosity • Riparian – Darcy GW velocity • Watershed – Darcy GW velocity – Drainage area – Urban land cover – Ag land cover – Wetland land cover – Open water
  • Static Watershed Characteristics • Channel – Sinuosity • Riparian – Darcy GW velocity • Watershed – Darcy GW velocity – Drainage area – Urban land cover – Ag land cover – Wetland land cover – Open water
  • Static Watershed Characteristics • Channel – Sinuosity • Riparian – Darcy GW velocity • Watershed – Darcy GW velocity – Drainage area – Urban land cover – Ag land cover – Wetland land cover – Open water
  • Dynamic Weather Metrics • Daily air pressure, air temperature, dew point, precipitation, and solar radiation signals were combined to produce derivative statistics of: – Air temperature and – Soil water balance Stewart, J. et al. (2006) 7th International Conference on Hydroinformatics
  • Daily Stream Temperature Estimates Stewart, J. et al. (2006) 7th International Conference on Hydroinformatics Observed Modeled
  • Daily Stream Temperature Estimates Stewart, J. et al. (2006) 7th International Conference on Hydroinformatics Observed Modeled
  • Daily Stream Temperature Estimates Stewart, J. et al. (2006) 7th International Conference on Hydroinformatics Observed Modeled X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
  • Max. Annual Stream Temperature • 1990 • 1991 • 1992 • 1993 • 1994 • 1995 • 1996 • 1997 • 1998 • 1999 • 2000 Diebel, M., Lyons, J., Menuz, D., Ruesch, A., Stewart, J., Westenbroek, S., in prep < 17 17-18 18-19 19-20 20-21 21-22 22-23 > 23 Temperature (°C)
  • Max. Annual Stream Temperature • 1990 • 1991 • 1992 • 1993 • 1994 • 1995 • 1996 • 1997 • 1998 • 1999 • 2000 < 17 17-18 18-19 19-20 20-21 21-22 22-23 > 23 Temperature (°C) Diebel, M., Lyons, J., Menuz, D., Ruesch, A., Stewart, J., Westenbroek, S., in prep
  • Max. Annual Stream Temperature • 1990 • 1991 • 1992 • 1993 • 1994 • 1995 • 1996 • 1997 • 1998 • 1999 • 2000 < 17 17-18 18-19 19-20 20-21 21-22 22-23 > 23 Temperature (°C) Diebel, M., Lyons, J., Menuz, D., Ruesch, A., Stewart, J., Westenbroek, S., in prep
  • Max. Annual Stream Temperature • 1990 • 1991 • 1992 • 1993 • 1994 • 1995 • 1996 • 1997 • 1998 • 1999 • 2000 < 17 17-18 18-19 19-20 20-21 21-22 22-23 > 23 Temperature (°C) Diebel, M., Lyons, J., Menuz, D., Ruesch, A., Stewart, J., Westenbroek, S., in prep
  • Max. Annual Stream Temperature • 1990 • 1991 • 1992 • 1993 • 1994 • 1995 • 1996 • 1997 • 1998 • 1999 • 2000 < 17 17-18 18-19 19-20 20-21 21-22 22-23 > 23 Temperature (°C) Diebel, M., Lyons, J., Menuz, D., Ruesch, A., Stewart, J., Westenbroek, S., in prep
  • Max. Annual Stream Temperature • 1990 • 1991 • 1992 • 1993 • 1994 • 1995 • 1996 • 1997 • 1998 • 1999 • 2000 < 17 17-18 18-19 19-20 20-21 21-22 22-23 > 23 Temperature (°C) Diebel, M., Lyons, J., Menuz, D., Ruesch, A., Stewart, J., Westenbroek, S., in prep
  • Max. Annual Stream Temperature • 1990 • 1991 • 1992 • 1993 • 1994 • 1995 • 1996 • 1997 • 1998 • 1999 • 2000 < 17 17-18 18-19 19-20 20-21 21-22 22-23 > 23 Temperature (°C) Diebel, M., Lyons, J., Menuz, D., Ruesch, A., Stewart, J., Westenbroek, S., in prep
  • Max. Annual Stream Temperature • 1990 • 1991 • 1992 • 1993 • 1994 • 1995 • 1996 • 1997 • 1998 • 1999 • 2000 < 17 17-18 18-19 19-20 20-21 21-22 22-23 > 23 Temperature (°C) Diebel, M., Lyons, J., Menuz, D., Ruesch, A., Stewart, J., Westenbroek, S., in prep
  • Max. Annual Stream Temperature • 1990 • 1991 • 1992 • 1993 • 1994 • 1995 • 1996 • 1997 • 1998 • 1999 • 2000 < 17 17-18 18-19 19-20 20-21 21-22 22-23 > 23 Temperature (°C) Diebel, M., Lyons, J., Menuz, D., Ruesch, A., Stewart, J., Westenbroek, S., in prep
  • Max. Annual Stream Temperature • 1990 • 1991 • 1992 • 1993 • 1994 • 1995 • 1996 • 1997 • 1998 • 1999 • 2000 < 17 17-18 18-19 19-20 20-21 21-22 22-23 > 23 Temperature (°C) Diebel, M., Lyons, J., Menuz, D., Ruesch, A., Stewart, J., Westenbroek, S., in prep
  • Max. Annual Stream Temperature • 1990 • 1991 • 1992 • 1993 • 1994 • 1995 • 1996 • 1997 • 1998 • 1999 • 2000 < 17 17-18 18-19 19-20 20-21 21-22 22-23 > 23 Temperature (°C) Diebel, M., Lyons, J., Menuz, D., Ruesch, A., Stewart, J., Westenbroek, S., in prep
  • Stream Temperature and Climate Change Diebel, M., Menuz, D., Ruesch, A., Stewart, J., Westenbroek, S., in prep PRESENT 2050s 2080s
  • Stream Biology and Climate Change Diebel, M., Menuz, D., Ruesch, A., Stewart, J., Westenbroek, S., in prep PRESENT 2050s 2080s Cold Headwater Cold Mainstem Cool Cold Headwater Cool Cold Mainstem Cool Warm Headwater Cool Warm Mainstem Ephemeral Macroinvertebrates Natural Community
  • Other Applications • Comparable to US Census – Various spatial units combined with rich tabular data for answering geographic questions • Applications of Hydro database – Assessment of hydrologic status and change – Nutrient loading – Lake classification – Aquatic and riparian species distr./abund.
  • Future Directions • Model flow/discharge recurrence intervals for all ungauged HUC16s in WI
  • Future Directions • Model flow/discharge recurrence intervals for all ungauged HUC16s in WI • Use stream temperature and flow estimates for assessing biological natural communities
  • Future Directions • Model flow/discharge recurrence intervals for all ungauged HUC16s in WI • Use stream temperature and flow estimates for assessing biological natural communities • Make database accessible to public within the next year
  • Future Directions • Model flow/discharge recurrence intervals for all ungauged HUC16s in WI • Use stream temperature and flow estimates for assessing biological natural communities • Make database accessible to public within the next year • Incorporate HUC16s into DNR web viewers
  • 90% Exceedance Flow Max Annual Temperature Natural Community Gradient Percent Agriculture Percent Forest Percent Wetland Click here for more… 5 cfs 23 °C / 73 °F Cold Mainstem 2% 20% 30% 2%
  • QUESTIONS? Aaron.Ruesch@wisconsin.gov
  • Weather and Stream Temperature 19.5 20 20.5 21 21.5 22 22.5 23 0 5 10 15 20 25 Max.AnnualStreamTemperature(°C) Total Summer Precipitation (inches)
  • Weather and Stream Temperature 19.5 20 20.5 21 21.5 22 22.5 23 23.5 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 Max.AnnualStreamTemperature(°C) Max. Annual Air Temperature (°C)
  • The Seine, France 1770
  • Western U.S. 1796 J.B. Trudeau expedition
  • Upper Mississippi 1843 Joseph Nicolas Nicollet maps the John Charles Fremont expedition