Devise and Rails

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Devise and Rails

  1. 1. Devise, OmniAuth, and FacebookA tutorial on how to setup basic rails security using Facebook for authentication
  2. 2. Setup Create your basic application > rvm use ruby-1.9.2-p290@rails3.2 > rails new MyGreatApp Add devise to your gemfile gem devise Run bundler again > bundle install
  3. 3. Generate User Model Generate devise modules > rails generate devise:install Generate User model > rails generate devise User
  4. 4. Update Routes and Configuration Add the following line to config/environments/development.rb config.action_mailer.default_url_options = { :host => localhost:3000 } Add a default route to config/routes.rb root :to => ‘home#index’ Add some flash notices into the base template <p class="notice"><%= notice %></p> <p class="alert"><%= alert %></p> Disable model loading when compiling assets. Add the following to config/application.rb config.assets.initialize_on_precompile = false
  5. 5. Generated User Modelclass User < ActiveRecord::Base # Include default devise modules. Others available are: # :token_authenticatable, :encryptable, :confirmable, :lockable, :timeoutable and:omniauthable devise :database_authenticatable, :registerable, :recoverable, :rememberable, :trackable, :validatable # Setup accessible (or protected) attributes for your model attr_accessible :email, :password, :password_confirmation, :remember_meend
  6. 6. Generated Migrationclass DeviseCreateUsers < ActiveRecord::Migration def change create_table(:users) do |t| t.database_authenticatable :null => false t.recoverable t.rememberable t.trackable t.timestamps end add_index :users, :email, :unique => true add_index :users, :reset_password_token, :unique => trueendend
  7. 7. Add before filter Add a before filter to app/controllers/application_controller.rb  This will protect all your actions. Use an except filter in places you don’t need > before_filter :authenticate_user! Create a home controller > rails generate controller home Add a method and view for index Remove index.html from public
  8. 8. Run the application and try it out
  9. 9. Congratulations You now have the basic devise working See https://github.com/plataformatec/devise for more detailed information about what you can do
  10. 10. Add Facebook Now everybody wants the ability to sign in using Facebook Add omniauth-facebook to your gemfile. gem omniauth-facebook’ Do a Bundle install
  11. 11. Configure Devise Go into the config/initializers/devise.rb and add require "omniauth-facebook" config.omniauth :facebook, "APP_ID", "APP_SECRET”  Go to https://github.com/mkdynamic/omniauth-facebook to get more information about options include scopes and display options. Go to Facebook and generate a developer key  Go to https://developers.facebook.com/apps/ select to create a new app
  12. 12. Configure the Facebook App
  13. 13. Set App Domain, Website and capture IDs
  14. 14. Finish configuration Take the keys generated by Facebook and put them into config/devise.rb Add Omniauth to your User object. devise :database_authenticatable, :registerable, :recoverable, :rememberable, :trackable, :validatable, :omniauthable
  15. 15. Setup callbacks When Facebook returns to the application there are some routes that are needed. Create a Users:OmniauthCallbackController in the app/controllers/users folder.  Will show this file on the next slide Add a route to the new controller by updatating the devise_for in config/routes.rb devise_for :users, :controllers => { :omniauth_callbacks => "users/omniauth_callbacks" }
  16. 16. Users::OmniauthCallbacksControllerclass Users::OmniauthCallbacksController < Devise::OmniauthCallbacksController def facebook # You need to implement the method below in your model @user = User.find_for_facebook_oauth(request.env["omniauth.auth"], current_user) if @user.persisted? flash[:notice] = I18n.t "devise.omniauth_callbacks.success", :kind => "Facebook" sign_in_and_redirect @user, :event => :authentication else session["devise.facebook_data"] = request.env["omniauth.auth"] redirect_to new_user_registration_url end end def passthru render :file => "#{Rails.root}/public/404.html", :status => 404, :layout => false endend
  17. 17. Add finder to User modeldef self.find_for_facebook_oauth(access_token, signed_in_resource=nil) data = access_token.extra.raw_info if user = User.where(:email => data.email).first user else # Create a user with a stub password. User.create!(:email => data.email, :password => Devise.friendly_token[0,20]) end end
  18. 18. Run
  19. 19. Connect
  20. 20. Grant Access
  21. 21. Done
  22. 22. More https://github.com/plataformatec/devise https://github.com/plataformatec/devise/wiki/OmniAuth%3A-Overview https://github.com/plataformatec/devise/wiki/How-To:-Create-Haml-and- Slim-Views
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