Agricultural water investment challenges and opportunities in eca

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CGIAR Research Program on Water Land and Ecosystems (WLE) attempts to help meet development potential in East Africa through research for development strategies in the Nile basin. …

CGIAR Research Program on Water Land and Ecosystems (WLE) attempts to help meet development potential in East Africa through research for development strategies in the Nile basin.

The 1st Regional Design Workshop for the Nile Basin will be held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia from October 17-19, 2013.

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  • 1. Sustainable management of water, land, & ecosystems in ECA: ASARECA perspective on challenges, opportunities & priorities Notes presented at WLE Nile Planning Meeting 23 September, NBI - Entebbe By Hezron Mogaka Program Manager – NRM&B h.mogaka@asareca.org
  • 2. NRM & ecosystems services theme  Improving agricultural water productivity  Soil health improvement  Adoption of climate smart forestry, agro-forestry and biodiversity conservation  Enhancing resilience of dry-land agricultural systems  Gender responsive NRM policies and governance issues – with a focus on land  Managing ecosystems for quality, equitable and sustainable services
  • 3. Country July 1, 2013 projection Average relative annual growth (%) Average absolute annual growth Estimated doubling time (Years) Ethiopia 86,614,000 2.67 2,253,000 26 D. R. Congo 74,618,000 3.23 2,334,000 22 Tanzania 45,950,000 2.69 1,204,000 26 Kenya 43,291,000 3.01 1,266,000 23 Uganda 35,363,000 3.61 1,232,000 20 Sudan 35,150,000 2.52 863,000 28 Madagascar 21,852,000 2.75 585,000 26 Rwanda 10,780,000 2.63 276,000 27 South Sudan 10,334,000 4.40 436,000 16 Burundi 9,023,000 2.36 208,000 30 Eritrea 4,980,000 4.05 194,000 17 Total 377,955,000 3.08 10,851,000 24
  • 4. Challenges of enhancing sustainable water, land & ecosystems management
  • 5. How to cost- effectively enhance water availability & productivity – equity & gender responsive
  • 6. Challenges cont’d  How to create and sustain appropriate institutional structures and arrangements to support sustainable & optimised land management – address land degradation, loss of agricultural land, markets, value preposition, & productivity  How to attract adequate attention & focus of policy makers and senior planners on the value and role of water, land and ecosystems in supporting national and regional economic & social development  How to enhance accelerated adoption of existing innovations (technology, practices & knowledge) in optimizing on agricultural water, land & ecosystem)
  • 7. Challenges cont’d Attaining an efficiently working relationship among various partners for each of the interrelated sub-sectors How to respond adequately towards rapidly varying & changing climatic conditions How to effectively infuse gender into each of the sectors
  • 8. Opportunities & priorities
  • 9. Brighter side of African economy  4 of the world’s 30 fastest growing economies are in ECA sub-region (IMF World Economic Outlook)  Rwanda – 7.7 (14)  D. R Congo - 7.1 (21)  Ethiopia - 7.0 (23)  Tanzania - 6.5 (29)  Africa is a new frontier for agricultural expansion – opening up new areas, sustainable intensification, adoption of efficient technologies, shift to irrigated & mechanised agriculture, growing political support to agriculture & investment in climate smart agriculture
  • 10. Huge potential in irrigable land
  • 11. Collection of technologies for optimizing water, land uses
  • 12. Innovative approaches of promoting sustainable water, land, and ecosystem management - institutions Markets, value addition & private-public partnerships Social capital & capacity building
  • 13. Priorities areas of investment
  • 14. Water productivity enhancement  Options for integrated management of crop, soil and water resources that enhance and stabilize productivity while ensuring sustainable management of natural resources under variable and changing climatic conditions  Technologies/enterprises that provide better market opportunities and encourage investments by farmers and other actors in sustainable intensification of agriculture to create new sources of income growth and diversify livelihoods through improved management of agricultural water
  • 15. Water productivity enhancement  How diverse rural households and their support institutions may be empowered to become pro- active members of value chains within the context of improving agricultural water productivity  How managers and policy makers’ best quantify the benefits, costs and impacts of efficient agricultural water management practices so that it is possible to assess accurately whether such strategies deliver improved productivity and effect savings and wealth accumulation at household and community levels
  • 16. Land issues  Effect of urban development on prime agricultural areas/land and aspects related to farmers’ rights and urban farming  Understanding of gender, land tenure systems and implications on productivity/degradation  Regional review of success cases on various models of land management - conservancies  Innovative ways of arresting land sub-division and fragmentation in the sub-region  Stimulate policy dialogue platforms
  • 17. Ecosystems  Mapping of critical ecosystems and associated potential and real services  Develop a robust methodology for quantifying, pricing, incentivizing and impact assessment (including modeling) of ecosystems services  Establish institutional instruments to support and deliver market-based approaches to ecosystems management – payment of ecosystem services  Quantify the tradeoffs between productivity and ecosystem services  Characterize, promote the conservation and utilization of pharmacologically active biota in natural ecosystems
  • 18. Expected development results  Improvement in food security, nutrition and health  Increase in household income  Diversified cropping and livelihood options  Enhanced farm and household resilience towards climate variability & change  Enhanced productivity of key ecosystems
  • 19. Thank you