Farm to Market by Mary Dennis, Civic Landscape
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Farm to Market by Mary Dennis, Civic Landscape

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Looking at the requirements for agriculture at all urban to rural transect zones, from farm to market. Presentation given by Mary Dennis, Civic Landscape at the CNU-NE Sustainability Summit in New ...

Looking at the requirements for agriculture at all urban to rural transect zones, from farm to market. Presentation given by Mary Dennis, Civic Landscape at the CNU-NE Sustainability Summit in New Haven Spring 2011.

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Farm to Market by Mary Dennis, Civic Landscape Farm to Market by Mary Dennis, Civic Landscape Presentation Transcript

  • FARM TO MARKET production, distribution and selling of food within the communityTuesday, March 22, 2011Hello! Today, I am gong to start with the land....and end at the table.Agricultural Urbanism includes more than community gardens and green roofs.It includes food production within the whole region, from the wilderness to the city center.
  • • large scale farm Wheat Fields MontanaTuesday, March 22, 2011Farms, from the very large
  • City Slicker Farm OaklandTuesday, March 22, 2011to the very small, are part of the whole picture View slide
  • Tuesday, March 22, 2011in securing food resources for the future. View slide
  • Maine Farms at WorkTuesday, March 22, 2011We must protect our agricultural lands and economies with
  • Protecting FarmlandTuesday, March 22, 2011planning that includes farmland, with the ecological benefits of watershed and natural resource protection.
  • Rhode Island’s farmers contribute 90 million dollars to economy.Tuesday, March 22, 2011and by Supporting local farmers bringing fresh food to the urban marketplace.
  • Chicago IL Holyoke MATuesday, March 22, 2011Small specialty farms, can net respectable incomes and be dovetailed within the civic fabric.
  • • tiny with big car Typical size of community garden plotTuesday, March 22, 2011Even a tiny 10 X 20 plot, the size of a parking spot, can yield significant food.
  • Farriers and VeterinariansTuesday, March 22, 2011But A single farmer cannot survive without nearby agricultural services,which requires the support of a community of farmers.By forming co-ops, farmers share the costs of support businesses
  • Farriers and Veterinarians Community Kitchens Seed and Feed Store Implement dealerTuesday, March 22, 2011But A single farmer cannot survive without nearby agricultural services,which requires the support of a community of farmers.By forming co-ops, farmers share the costs of support businesses
  • A dairy collective of 9 farmsTuesday, March 22, 2011Some local examples include Rhody Fresh Milk....
  • Tuesday, March 22, 2011 ..... Little Rhody Natural eggs
  • Tuesday, March 22, 2011 ..... Little Rhody Natural eggs
  • Over 120 Sheep GrowersTuesday, March 22, 2011and Rhody Warm Blankets.
  • Tuesday, March 22, 2011Little City Growers Cooperative pools their resources to supply local restaurants and farmers markets,
  • City Farm Scratch Farm Red Planet Farm Front Step FarmTuesday, March 22, 2011Little City Growers Cooperative pools their resources to supply local restaurants and farmers markets,
  • Tuesday, March 22, 2011 Even large scale organic farms and orchards rely on co-ops, In particular, access to certified organic processing plants.
  • Tuesday, March 22, 2011 Cascade Farms, in the Pacific Northwest, pools fruit, vegetable and grains, to be processed and delivered nationally
  • Culinary and Economic PlacemakingTuesday, March 22, 2011The region, the climate, and traditions of people, reflect what comes to market and table.After all - a Big Mac tastes the same everywhere, but lobster chowder and green chili stew are as unique to their regions as their buildingsand landscapes.
  • Culinary and Economic PlacemakingTuesday, March 22, 2011The region, the climate, and traditions of people, reflect what comes to market and table.After all - a Big Mac tastes the same everywhere, but lobster chowder and green chili stew are as unique to their regions as their buildingsand landscapes.
  • Codman Community Farm in Lincoln MATuesday, March 22, 2011Small farms help preserve these regional and cultural food-ways,
  • HARVESTING THE WILD T1Tuesday, March 22, 2011So let’s start with the Wilderness.
  • The Original OrganicTuesday, March 22, 2011 Which requires intimate knowledge of the land, plants, animals and seasons,
  • Gathering dulse Nova Kim and Les Hook Gathering rice source wild foods for restaurants inVermont The Original OrganicTuesday, March 22, 2011 Which requires intimate knowledge of the land, plants, animals and seasons,
  • WILDERNESS CASE STUDY YOSEMITETuesday, March 22, 2011Yosemite provided a bountiful source of food.
  • WILDERNESS CASE STUDY YOSEMITE YOSEMITE mapTuesday, March 22, 2011for the Miwok Indians, whose village settlements date back thousands of years.
  • Tuesday, March 22, 2011Husbandry practices included annual burns, to maintain open meadows and savanna like groves.Practices that profoundly shaped the landscape in which they lived.
  • Tuesday, March 22, 2011Husbandry practices included annual burns, to maintain open meadows and savanna like groves.Practices that profoundly shaped the landscape in which they lived.
  • Tuesday, March 22, 2011In addition, pruning, tilling and harvesting created favorable conditions for browsing game, controlled insect pests,
  • Tuesday, March 22, 2011In addition, pruning, tilling and harvesting created favorable conditions for browsing game, controlled insect pests,
  • Acorns from black oaks managed over hundreds of yearsTuesday, March 22, 2011increased the harvests of food staples, and produced better materials for building and basketry.
  • Tuesday, March 22, 2011By 1850, 80% of the Indian population had been decimated by old world diseases
  • Tuesday, March 22, 2011and then further reduced in the wake of the gold rush.
  • Our first National Park 1890Tuesday, March 22, 2011So when Yosemite was ‘rediscovered’ it was mistakenly believed to be a pristine landscape,untouched by human hands.
  • Tuesday, March 22, 2011A majestic arcadia,Now the realization has dawned that ‘wilderness’ must in fact be tended and cultivated.
  • Tuesday, March 22, 2011Cultural practices are being reintroduced to help restore and manage our public lands,Stewarding the wilderness is rekindling Native skills and economies and bringing the ‘products’ of arcadia to the marketplace.
  • RESTORING AGRICULTURAL COMMUNITIES T-2 T2 20+ acres The Rural ZoneTuesday, March 22, 2011Our cities and towns are only as healthy as our natural resources, including how and where food is grown.
  • Farm as FoodshedTuesday, March 22, 2011Stemming the loss of farms involves supporting strong agricultural communities, the sources of fresh food for the urban region.
  • 7 acres Rhode Island contains 10% of land it needsTuesday, March 22, 2011 This is the land necessary, we need, per person, for food and clean water. Think of farms as food sheds, similar to a watersheds, as the land resources needed to support a metropolitan area.
  • Tuesday, March 22, 2011Practices that preserve the health of the soil are critical too.Systematic crop rotations build soil fertility, reduce erosion and act as carbon sinks.
  • TuscanTuesday, March 22, 2011 This beautiful landscape is a Powerful testament of wasteland restoration. Val D’ Orcia was once so depleted it resembled a moonscape.
  • Tuesday, March 22, 2011Centuries of war had left the fields untended, and shepherd’s grazed the land to ruination.
  • Tuesday, March 22, 2011Careful cultivation has been the 20th century work of Iris and Antonio Origo.Now protected as a UNESCO heritage site; the quintessence of a fertile, and scenic Tuscan Landscape.
  • Tuesday, March 22, 2011To Protect our Farms as an important part of our scenic and cultural heritage
  • • Land Trusts • NRCS National Resource Conservation Service of the USDA • Co-ops • American Farmland Trust s aving the land that sustains us • SAGE• land trustssustainable agriculture education • New • NRCSSmall Farm Institute England National Resource Conservation Service of the USDA • Leasing Co-ops • • American Farmland Trust saving the land that sustains us • SAGE sustainable agriculture education • New England Small Farm InstituteTuesday, March 22, 2011many organizations and are partnering with farmers, to provide educational programs,
  • • legacy farm Billing Farm VTTuesday, March 22, 2011 preserve heritage live-stock breeds, crops, architecture,
  • Crop rotation through grazingTuesday, March 22, 2011and sustainable land practices.
  • “Connecting farmers, chefs and eaters”Tuesday, March 22, 2011But we all can make a difference ........Buying local, tops the list of enabling farmers to stay in business,Farm Fresh is a distribution co-op, which allows farmers to spend more time doing what they do best, growing food.
  • Community Supported Agriculture CSATuesday, March 22, 2011By joining a CSA, you help guarantee a source of income for a farmer in exchange for a share of the produce.
  • Ayers Creek FarmTuesday, March 22, 2011 Restaurants that support specialty crop growers as sources of seasonal and local produce,
  • new farm to tableTuesday, March 22, 2011bring Fresh and Innovative cuisine to the table, creating a wider demand in the marketplace.
  • • road side farm stand Seasonal Farm StandsTuesday, March 22, 2011 Distribution in the rural zone include roadside sales...
  • General StoreTuesday, March 22, 2011 .....General stores.....
  • Truck Farmer Pick Your OwnTuesday, March 22, 2011direct farm purchases and sales.
  • RURAL CASE STUDY LOS POBLANOS NM Los PoblanosTuesday, March 22, 2011 The Rio Grande River, flowing through the North Valley of Albuquerque, has supported civilization for thousands of years.
  • Tuesday, March 22, 2011 Once an extensive land grant dating back to 1716, the Present, 25 acre farm, keeps 80% protected in agricultural cultivation.
  • AcequiasTuesday, March 22, 2011As part of the heritage of the North Valley, Los Poblanos is preserving their acequias, an irrigation method of field flooding, that channelsthe river onto the fields.
  • • lavender fieldsTuesday, March 22, 2011 However, the farm is shifting away from water intensive crops such as alfalfa, and pioneering lavender as a high commodity crop for thearid southwest.
  • • CSATuesday, March 22, 2011The farm also partners with Los Poblanos Organics, a large CSA with over 2,000 members,
  • Tuesday, March 22, 2011To revive the nearly extinct Navajo Churro Sheep, Los Poblanos participated in a breeding program that has re-introduced the sheep to theNavajo Nation.A 4-H program, hosted at Los Poblanos, continues the work of preserving heritage breeds.
  • Sand Hill CranesTuesday, March 22, 2011Winter fields are left uncultivated, so that migrant birds, have a protected area to glean and serendipitously fertilize the fields.
  • Farm to TableTuesday, March 22, 2011Today the farm is a Historic Cultural Center and Inn.The chef takes pride in serving the bounty of the farm to guests.
  • Mount Vernon George Washington’s Georgian farm on the Potomac River.Tuesday, March 22, 2011Dignified living arrangements for skilled laborers, farm hands and their families is an important planning element for all farm communities.At Mount Vernon, these were laid out in both a practical and inclusive manner.
  • • farm worker housing Moule & Polyzoides, design by Bill Dennis Farm-worker Housing Shafter CATuesday, March 22, 2011And here, NEW housing in the Central Valley.
  • RECONFIGURING SPRAWL T-3 T3 • Reconfiguring Sprawl Medium scale agriculture Small farms 5-20 acresTuesday, March 22, 2011 The Sub Urban Zone:For farms to be viewed as an environmental amenity, a broader literacy of where our food comes from needs continued advocacy,especially in this highly contested zone where the pressures of development are high.
  • Agricultural District Before Development Rural by DesignTuesday, March 22, 2011Sprawl can be re-channeled to preserve agricultural resources,
  • After Conventional Development Dodd Associates, Rural Design Manual Rural by DesignTuesday, March 22, 2011Instead of large lot sub-divisions,
  • After Creative Development Rural by DesignTuesday, March 22, 2011This saves considerable infrastructure and land costs.
  • Better Still Infill Comparative size Mall vs Town 116 acres Rockland MaineTuesday, March 22, 2011 But Better Still, Infill.
  • Tuesday, March 22, 2011Grey field sites,
  • Tuesday, March 22, 2011reconfigured into streets and blocks, with civic spaces
  • Tuesday, March 22, 2011and mixed use buildings, saves even more farmland from new development.
  • Mixed lot sizesTuesday, March 22, 2011Historic hamlet plans, diagram the components of the food-shed,from small farmyards and kitchen gardens,
  • Village MarketTuesday, March 22, 2011to civic spaces accommodating market days,
  • general store • general store General StoreTuesday, March 22, 2011to General Stores, which serve as post offices and gathering places,
  • Direct Farm PurchaseTuesday, March 22, 2011to home businesses.
  • SUB - URBAN CASE STUDY HADLEY MA Incorporated 1659Tuesday, March 22, 2011Situated on a bend in the Connecticut River, this area has some of the best farmland in all of New England.
  • SUB - URBAN CASE STUDY HADLEY MA Incorporated 1659Tuesday, March 22, 2011Situated on a bend in the Connecticut River, this area has some of the best farmland in all of New England.
  • SUB - URBAN CASE STUDY HADLEY MATuesday, March 22, 2011The mile long town green spans the peninsular plain.
  • Tuesday, March 22, 2011Farmsteads are aligned to the Green with formal setbacks.Barns and farm structures are behind the houses with fields stretching continuously beyond.
  • Typical Farm ComplexTuesday, March 22, 2011 Pittsfield
  • Tuesday, March 22, 2011The cross roads at mid-section form a civic and commercial center.
  • Town Center Hadley Commons sugar maples Farm House 330’ ROW - Green + Two-way Traffic Both SidesTuesday, March 22, 2011Farm Based Codes, would be a useful tool for protecting working landscapes from rural sprawl and big box development. Acounterpoint to Form Based Codes.
  • RURAL URBAN CONNECTIVITY T-4 T4 Specialty farms 1-5 acres • Rural Urban Connectivity Community Gardens Front Gardens Kitchen GardensTuesday, March 22, 2011Neighborhood EdgesSmall farms and large gardens buffer the rural transition towards the urban core
  • • green thumb lotsTuesday, March 22, 2011 and give ambitious gardeners and farmers closer access to civic life.
  • edible flowers and herbsTuesday, March 22, 2011But, current ordinances will need to be rewritten,allowing agriculture in urban zones, and giving farmers protection from development.
  • edible flowers and herbsTuesday, March 22, 2011But, current ordinances will need to be rewritten,allowing agriculture in urban zones, and giving farmers protection from development.
  • Backyard sheep, geese and chickens Portsmouth NHTuesday, March 22, 2011and permitting small animal husbandry and home businesses
  • INTRA-URBAN AGRICULTURE T-4 Community gardens Yard Gardens Container GardensTuesday, March 22, 2011The weave of rural into General Neighborhoods is enhanced by the addition of community gardens
  • Historic Boston Community GardensTuesday, March 22, 2011which have the potential to supply a huge share of locally grown food - over 40% during WWII.
  • Cleveland City Hall Plaza -1943Tuesday, March 22, 2011 and can be planted in Civic greens,
  • Cleveland City Hall Plaza -1943Tuesday, March 22, 2011 and can be planted in Civic greens,
  • kindergarden Portland OR - 1943Tuesday, March 22, 2011school yards,
  • TorontoTuesday, March 22, 2011street medians, you name it,
  • Urban Farming leading the way • Milwaukee • Mac Arthur Genius • $400,000. to create jobs in urban agriculture Will Allen CEO Growing PowerTuesday, March 22, 2011passionate activist are leading the way
  • 40 squares miles of vacant land 25,600 acres DETROIT - Motor City to Farm CityTuesday, March 22, 2011Detroit is being re-imagined, as a urban farming city
  • 40 squares miles of vacant land 25,600 acres DETROIT - Motor City to Farm CityTuesday, March 22, 2011Detroit is being re-imagined, as a urban farming city
  • Urban Agriculture in Chicago: Navigating the Rules of Zoning for Urban FarmsTuesday, March 22, 2011Chicago is pioneering the legal work of necessary to encourage urban farming
  • YARDSTuesday, March 22, 2011 Yards are being redesigned
  • kitchen garden Tsawwassen B.C. CanadaTuesday, March 22, 2011as Kitchen gardens
  • WilliamsburgTuesday, March 22, 2011Herb gardens
  • WilliamsburgTuesday, March 22, 2011Vegetable gardens
  • Kitchen Gardens, Orchards and FieldsTuesday, March 22, 2011 that feather in with joining fields and civic greens
  • Market Hall with Community Room AboveTuesday, March 22, 2011 As density increases, a greater reliance and diversity of markets becomes important.
  • GENERAL STORE Apartments aboveTuesday, March 22, 2011General stores, small grocers,
  • Farmer’s MarketTuesday, March 22, 2011 CSA’s pickup points,
  • garden center Small Garden ShopTuesday, March 22, 2011and a variety of small specialty shops,
  • EDGE CASE STUDY New Town St. Charles MS Founded in 2003Tuesday, March 22, 2011North of St. Louis, situated on the plain at the confluence of the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers.The 12 acre Organic farm sits on the edge of the town fabric,providing a buffer from the surrounding, large scale farms.
  • New Town Organic FarmTuesday, March 22, 2011Functions as a community asset,
  • In -Town MarketsTuesday, March 22, 2011providing fresh produce to the town market and restaurants.
  • • comm Community and production plotsTuesday, March 22, 2011A full time farming couple live on the farm and actively engages with the town,
  • NEIGHBORHOOD CENTER T-5 T5 • Secure Community Gardens secure open space for community gardensTuesday, March 22, 2011Community gardens should be considered as integral as parks and playgrounds, in the overall green space system, andgiven special designation as a type of open-space that is protected from future development.
  • Tuesday, March 22, 2011 well interspersed within easy walking distances within neighborhoods.
  • Tuesday, March 22, 2011The reclamation of vacant lots, creates strong community ties and pride, a powerfully positive and proactive way to transform the places welive and stabilize real estate values
  • • Oakland City Farm City Slicker Farm Oakland CATuesday, March 22, 2011 Small plots of land managed by individual farmers, are also transforming vacant land.
  • Farm Steward Rich Pederson South Side Community Land Trust City Farm Providence RI Last year, City Farm grew 1,539 pounds of food on just 3/4 of an acre!Tuesday, March 22, 2011A bio-intensive commercial farm and outdoor classroom. City Farm sells produce at local farmers markets and restaurants and givesregular food donations to local charities.
  • Urban Apple Trees - Peterborough NHTuesday, March 22, 2011Growing edible plants in the public realm is relatively untapped.Street trees and tree verges are prime areas for extending the edible landscape.
  • Brooklyn OrchardTuesday, March 22, 2011Trees and shrubs with edible fruits, are highly ornamental and suited for both the civic and residential landscapes.
  • Edible Streets - Portland ORTuesday, March 22, 2011street tree verge
  • Driveway to FoodwayTuesday, March 22, 2011
  • wild cherries, elderberries, spring ramps, purslane, ...... Ginkgo nuts, a delicacy Urban Foraging NetworksTuesday, March 22, 2011 edible ‘weeds’ are in abundance, if you know where to look. Urban Foraging networks
  • Mapping Seattle’s Urban OrchardTuesday, March 22, 2011Post where, what, and when the urban bounty can be gleaned.
  • Tuesday, March 22, 2011The link between fresh fruits and vegetables and healthy citizens,is being promoted from the White House to the classroom,
  • Tuesday, March 22, 2011The link between fresh fruits and vegetables and healthy citizens,is being promoted from the White House to the classroom,
  • Alice Water’s School Yard Edible GardenTuesday, March 22, 2011Alice Waters Edible School Yard teaches children to grow and prepare fresh nutritious food,A model for schools across the country,
  • Involving City and Suburban Kids with Growing FoodTuesday, March 22, 2011Programs such as Kids First RI, City Spouts Cambridge, and the Food Project Boston, source food from local farmers for school lunches,giving urban children direct connections to where their food comes from.
  • CONTAINER AND ROOF GARDENSTuesday, March 22, 2011Containers and planters transform
  • Transforming a Parking LotTuesday, March 22, 2011unattractive paved areas into gardens,
  • Vertical Fence Maine Botanic GardenTuesday, March 22, 2011 pocket parks
  • St. Louis Planter BuffersTuesday, March 22, 2011 or pleasant sidewalk seating areas.
  • Civic SquareTuesday, March 22, 2011The economic boost to adjacent businesses in making streets attractive is unequivocal.
  • detroit Edible Walls Growing Power HeadquartersTuesday, March 22, 2011Containers maximize limited space
  • Salad WallTuesday, March 22, 2011for growing food
  • Mobile Edible Wall Units (MEWU)Tuesday, March 22, 2011
  • Planting Strip Gardens , Portland ORTuesday, March 22, 2011in both the civic
  • alley way herbs Herb Alley behind RestaurantTuesday, March 22, 2011
  • Balcony GardensTuesday, March 22, 2011 and private realm
  • Truck FarmTuesday, March 22, 2011some people even take truck farming literally
  • Dock FarmTuesday, March 22, 2011floating greenhouse and dock containers
  • Pot FarmTuesday, March 22, 2011herbs
  • Roof FarmTuesday, March 22, 2011 Roof- tops are, the ultimate container garden.
  • Culinary FarmTuesday, March 22, 2011But remember, the vast majority of our food comes from our rural farms
  • CITY CENTER T-6 Permanent Market Halls, Squares & GrocersTuesday, March 22, 2011The greatest variety of markets is represented in the city center, a receptor of goods rather than a producer ofgoods
  • Quincy Market Boston MA 1825 Cuadios de John StobartTuesday, March 22, 2011Market districts are part of our cultural DNA
  • Faneuil Hall Market 1890Tuesday, March 22, 2011and are embedded within the fabric of the city.
  • T-6 Faneuil Hall Market circa 1922Tuesday, March 22, 2011Old maps are valuable resources, to study how cities have facilitated receiving goods .....
  • Pike Place Market SeattleTuesday, March 22, 2011One of the oldest continuously operated farmers market in the country, begun in 1906, to cut out middlemen.Now encompassing 9 acres, housing over 200 businesses, 190 craftspeople and 100 farmers
  • Produce Market HallTuesday, March 22, 2011Lucca Italy has a central hall ringed with small shops open to both street, plaza and hall.
  • • districts, food streets • Specialty shops • Push carts Food StreetTuesday, March 22, 2011Districts that specialize in a variety of food shops.
  • market street Pick ‘n EatTuesday, March 22, 2011
  • Market Hall Local ProductsTuesday, March 22, 2011and local venders
  • No MarketTuesday, March 22, 2011Lost places can be revitalized as market districts.
  • Food MarketTuesday, March 22, 2011Borough Market in South London uses space under elevated train tracks.
  • Market Under BridgeTuesday, March 22, 2011and this one in Portland OR
  • Market - No HallTuesday, March 22, 2011Permanent market square
  • market with espalir Ephemeral MarketTuesday, March 22, 2011in a civic square
  • • farmers market Street ClosuresTuesday, March 22, 2011
  • • green grocers Sidewalk MarketTuesday, March 22, 2011green grocers,
  • • green grocers Sidewalk MarketTuesday, March 22, 2011green grocers,
  • • corner stores Corner MarketTuesday, March 22, 2011corner stores,
  • Mobile MarketTuesday, March 22, 2011Roving Truck Farms
  • Push Cart MarketsTuesday, March 22, 2011penetrate into neighborhoods that have limited access to fresh fruits and vegetables
  • URBAN CASE STUDY BOSTON EMERALD NECKLACETuesday, March 22, 2011Boston’s Emerald Necklace, begun in 1870, represents a comprehensive interweaving of green infrastructurefrom T1, Blue Hill Forest Reserves to T6 City Center and Market Halls
  • Tuesday, March 22, 2011 Within this magnificent park and urban wild system,
  • Tuesday, March 22, 2011 Within this magnificent park and urban wild system,
  • Back Bay FensTuesday, March 22, 2011a full range of civic amenities are provided,
  • Fenway Victory GardensTuesday, March 22, 2011including the countries earliest community gardens
  • Boston Emerald Necklace City BountifulTuesday, March 22, 2011 Established in 1892,
  • Farm to TableTuesday, March 22, 2011 Direct connections to locally grown food include: restaurants
  • Tuesday, March 22, 2011 such as New Rivers, which sources all of its food from local organic farms, fair trade organizations and sustainable seafood distributors.
  • Tuesday, March 22, 2011Oleana: in Cambridge MA, which owns a 50 acre organic market farm, 25 miles west of Boston, that supplies local restaurants (includingOleana), farmers markets, and a 300 member CSA
  • • Grocers Rising Tide Market, Damariscotta ME ,Tuesday, March 22, 2011large photo posters of local farmers give a visual connection to customersof the people growing the food sold in the market
  • WHAT’S NEXT? • ConclusionTuesday, March 22, 2011Urban Agriculture is more than just growing food.It is about the design of the places in which we live, work and sustain ourselves.It is not about de-urbanizing our cities, but about re-integrating green space into the urban fabric to include growing food and civic spacesfor markets squares and halls. Designs that will give farmers greater accessibility to civic life and urban neighborhoods a directconnection to where their food comes from.
  • Tuesday, March 22, 2011Andres Duany caught the grass fed bull by the proverbial horns, when he realized, it is current zoning codes that are driving the course ofdevelopment and preventing Town Building in a traditional mixed-use fashion.
  • a book about creating policies for new urban usesTuesday, March 22, 2011As we work to change this course, let us also remember to include farming and community gardens into our zoning and plans, along withmarket squares and the protection, of agricultural resources, so that locally grown food is secure and readily available well into the future.
  • Bon Appétit!Tuesday, March 22, 2011