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FARM TO MARKET                              production, distribution and selling                                      of f...
• large scale farm                             Wheat Fields MontanaTuesday, March 22, 2011Farms, from the very large
City Slicker Farm OaklandTuesday, March 22, 2011to the very small, are part of the whole picture
Tuesday, March 22, 2011in securing food resources for the future.
Maine Farms at WorkTuesday, March 22, 2011We must protect our agricultural lands and economies with
Protecting FarmlandTuesday, March 22, 2011planning that includes farmland, with the ecological benefits of watershed and na...
Rhode Island’s farmers contribute                                   90 million dollars to economy.Tuesday, March 22, 2011a...
Chicago IL                                         Holyoke MATuesday, March 22, 2011Small specialty farms, can net respect...
• tiny with big car                     Typical size of community garden plotTuesday, March 22, 2011Even a tiny 10 X 20 pl...
Farriers and VeterinariansTuesday, March 22, 2011But A single farmer cannot survive without nearby agricultural services,w...
Farriers and Veterinarians                                  Community Kitchens                          Seed and Feed Stor...
A dairy collective of                                               9 farmsTuesday, March 22, 2011Some local examples incl...
Tuesday, March 22, 2011 ..... Little Rhody Natural eggs
Tuesday, March 22, 2011 ..... Little Rhody Natural eggs
Over 120 Sheep GrowersTuesday, March 22, 2011and Rhody Warm Blankets.
Tuesday, March 22, 2011Little City Growers Cooperative pools their resources to supply local restaurants and farmers marke...
City Farm                                                   Scratch Farm     Red Planet Farm                              ...
Tuesday, March 22, 2011 Even large scale organic farms and orchards rely on co-ops, In particular, access to certified orga...
Tuesday, March 22, 2011 Cascade Farms, in the Pacific Northwest, pools fruit, vegetable and grains, to be processed and del...
Culinary and Economic PlacemakingTuesday, March 22, 2011The region, the climate, and traditions of people, reflect what com...
Culinary and Economic PlacemakingTuesday, March 22, 2011The region, the climate, and traditions of people, reflect what com...
Codman Community Farm in Lincoln MATuesday, March 22, 2011Small farms help preserve these regional and cultural food-ways,
HARVESTING THE WILD                 T1Tuesday, March 22, 2011So let’s start with the Wilderness.
The Original OrganicTuesday, March 22, 2011 Which requires intimate knowledge of the land, plants, animals and seasons,
Gathering dulse                                                           Nova Kim and Les Hook     Gathering rice        ...
WILDERNESS CASE STUDY                           YOSEMITETuesday, March 22, 2011Yosemite provided a bountiful source of food.
WILDERNESS CASE STUDY                                                           YOSEMITE                                  ...
Tuesday, March 22, 2011Husbandry practices included annual burns, to maintain open meadows and savanna like groves.Practic...
Tuesday, March 22, 2011Husbandry practices included annual burns, to maintain open meadows and savanna like groves.Practic...
Tuesday, March 22, 2011In addition, pruning, tilling and harvesting created favorable conditions for browsing game, contro...
Tuesday, March 22, 2011In addition, pruning, tilling and harvesting created favorable conditions for browsing game, contro...
Acorns from black oaks managed over hundreds of yearsTuesday, March 22, 2011increased the harvests of food staples, and pr...
Tuesday, March 22, 2011By 1850, 80% of the Indian population had been decimated by old world diseases
Tuesday, March 22, 2011and then further reduced in the wake of the gold rush.
Our first National Park 1890Tuesday, March 22, 2011So when Yosemite was ‘rediscovered’ it was mistakenly believed to be a p...
Tuesday, March 22, 2011A majestic arcadia,Now the realization has dawned that ‘wilderness’ must in fact be tended and cult...
Tuesday, March 22, 2011Cultural practices are being reintroduced to help restore and manage our public lands,Stewarding th...
RESTORING AGRICULTURAL COMMUNITIES                                                                          T-2           ...
Farm as FoodshedTuesday, March 22, 2011Stemming the loss of farms involves supporting strong agricultural communities, the...
7 acres        Rhode Island contains         10% of land it needsTuesday, March 22, 2011 This is the land necessary, we ne...
Tuesday, March 22, 2011Practices that preserve the health of the soil are critical too.Systematic crop rotations build soi...
TuscanTuesday, March 22, 2011 This beautiful landscape is a Powerful testament of wasteland restoration. Val D’ Orcia was ...
Tuesday, March 22, 2011Centuries of war had left the fields untended, and shepherd’s grazed the land to ruination.
Tuesday, March 22, 2011Careful cultivation has been the 20th century work of Iris and Antonio Origo.Now protected as a UNE...
Tuesday, March 22, 2011To Protect our Farms as an important part of our scenic and cultural heritage
• Land Trusts              • NRCS             National Resource Conservation Service of the USDA              • Co-ops    ...
• legacy farm                                             Billing Farm VTTuesday, March 22, 2011 preserve heritage live-st...
Crop rotation through grazingTuesday, March 22, 2011and sustainable land practices.
“Connecting farmers, chefs and eaters”Tuesday, March 22, 2011But we all can make a difference ........Buying local, tops t...
Community Supported Agriculture CSATuesday, March 22, 2011By   joining a CSA, you help guarantee a source of income for a ...
Ayers Creek FarmTuesday, March 22, 2011 Restaurants that support specialty crop growers as sources of seasonal and local p...
new farm to tableTuesday, March 22, 2011bring Fresh and Innovative cuisine to the table, creating a wider demand in the ma...
• road side farm stand                                               Seasonal Farm StandsTuesday, March 22, 2011 Distribut...
General StoreTuesday, March 22, 2011 .....General stores.....
Truck Farmer           Pick Your OwnTuesday, March 22, 2011direct farm purchases and sales.
RURAL CASE STUDY                                                                  LOS POBLANOS NM                         ...
Tuesday, March 22, 2011 Once an extensive land grant dating back to 1716, the Present, 25 acre farm, keeps 80% protected i...
AcequiasTuesday, March 22, 2011As part of the heritage of the North Valley, Los Poblanos is preserving their acequias, an ...
• lavender fieldsTuesday, March 22, 2011 However, the farm is shifting away from water intensive crops such as alfalfa, and...
• CSATuesday, March 22, 2011The farm also partners with Los Poblanos Organics, a large CSA with over 2,000 members,
Tuesday, March 22, 2011To revive the nearly extinct Navajo Churro Sheep, Los Poblanos participated in a breeding program t...
Sand Hill CranesTuesday, March 22, 2011Winter fields are left uncultivated, so that migrant birds, have a protected area to...
Farm to TableTuesday, March 22, 2011Today the farm is a Historic Cultural Center and Inn.The chef takes pride in serving t...
Mount Vernon       George Washington’s Georgian farm on the Potomac River.Tuesday, March 22, 2011Dignified living arrangeme...
• farm worker housing                                                 Moule & Polyzoides, design by Bill Dennis           ...
RECONFIGURING SPRAWL                                                                                                      ...
Agricultural District Before Development                                                                                Ru...
After Conventional Development                                               Dodd Associates, Rural Design Manual         ...
After Creative Development                                                                      Rural by DesignTuesday, Ma...
Better Still Infill                            Comparative size Mall vs Town                                     116 acres ...
Tuesday, March 22, 2011Grey field sites,
Tuesday, March 22, 2011reconfigured into streets and blocks, with civic spaces
Tuesday, March 22, 2011and mixed use buildings, saves even more farmland from new development.
Mixed lot sizesTuesday, March 22, 2011Historic hamlet plans, diagram the components of the food-shed,from small farmyards ...
Village MarketTuesday, March 22, 2011to civic spaces accommodating market days,
general store                    • general store                                                    General StoreTuesday, ...
Direct Farm PurchaseTuesday, March 22, 2011to home businesses.
SUB - URBAN CASE STUDY                                                                                   HADLEY MA        ...
SUB - URBAN CASE STUDY                                                                                   HADLEY MA        ...
SUB - URBAN CASE STUDY                                 HADLEY MATuesday, March 22, 2011The mile long town green spans the ...
Tuesday, March 22, 2011Farmsteads are aligned to the Green with formal setbacks.Barns and farm structures are behind the h...
Typical Farm ComplexTuesday, March 22, 2011 Pittsfield
Tuesday, March 22, 2011The cross roads at mid-section form a civic and commercial center.
Town Center    Hadley Commons sugar maples                                                                Farm House      ...
RURAL URBAN CONNECTIVITY                                                                      T-4                         ...
• green thumb lotsTuesday, March 22, 2011 and give ambitious gardeners and farmers closer access to civic life.
edible flowers and herbsTuesday, March 22, 2011But, current ordinances will need to be rewritten,allowing agriculture in ur...
edible flowers and herbsTuesday, March 22, 2011But, current ordinances will need to be rewritten,allowing agriculture in ur...
Backyard sheep, geese and chickens Portsmouth NHTuesday, March 22, 2011and permitting small animal husbandry and home busi...
INTRA-URBAN AGRICULTURE                                                                          T-4                      ...
Historic Boston Community GardensTuesday, March 22, 2011which have the potential to supply a huge share of locally grown f...
Cleveland City Hall Plaza -1943Tuesday, March 22, 2011 and can be planted in Civic greens,
Cleveland City Hall Plaza -1943Tuesday, March 22, 2011 and can be planted in Civic greens,
kindergarden                           Portland OR - 1943Tuesday, March 22, 2011school yards,
TorontoTuesday, March 22, 2011street medians, you name it,
Urban Farming      leading the way     •       Milwaukee     •       Mac Arthur Genius     •       $400,000. to create job...
40 squares miles of vacant land              25,600 acres                          DETROIT - Motor City to Farm CityTuesda...
40 squares miles of vacant land              25,600 acres                          DETROIT - Motor City to Farm CityTuesda...
Urban Agriculture in Chicago:                          Navigating the Rules of Zoning for Urban FarmsTuesday, March 22, 20...
YARDSTuesday, March 22, 2011 Yards are being redesigned
kitchen garden                          Tsawwassen B.C. CanadaTuesday, March 22, 2011as Kitchen gardens
WilliamsburgTuesday, March 22, 2011Herb gardens
WilliamsburgTuesday, March 22, 2011Vegetable gardens
Kitchen Gardens, Orchards and FieldsTuesday, March 22, 2011 that feather in with joining fields and civic greens
Market Hall with Community Room AboveTuesday, March 22, 2011 As density increases, a greater reliance and diversity of mar...
GENERAL STORE                                 Apartments aboveTuesday, March 22, 2011General stores, small grocers,
Farmer’s MarketTuesday, March 22, 2011 CSA’s pickup points,
garden center                                          Small Garden ShopTuesday, March 22, 2011and a variety of small spec...
EDGE CASE STUDY                                                                New Town St. Charles MS                    ...
New Town Organic FarmTuesday, March 22, 2011Functions as a community asset,
In -Town MarketsTuesday, March 22, 2011providing fresh produce to the town market and restaurants.
• comm                            Community and production plotsTuesday, March 22, 2011A full time farming couple live on ...
NEIGHBORHOOD CENTER                                                                                        T-5            ...
Tuesday, March 22, 2011 well interspersed within easy walking distances within neighborhoods.
Tuesday, March 22, 2011The reclamation of vacant lots, creates strong community ties and pride, a powerfully positive and ...
• Oakland City Farm                                 City Slicker Farm Oakland CATuesday, March 22, 2011  Small plots of la...
Farm Steward                Rich Pederson                                                                                 ...
Urban Apple Trees - Peterborough NHTuesday, March 22, 2011Growing edible plants in the public realm is relatively untapped...
Brooklyn OrchardTuesday, March 22, 2011Trees and shrubs with edible fruits, are highly ornamental and suited for both the ...
Edible Streets - Portland ORTuesday, March 22, 2011street tree verge
Driveway to FoodwayTuesday, March 22, 2011
wild cherries, elderberries, spring ramps, purslane, ......                                                               ...
Mapping Seattle’s Urban OrchardTuesday, March 22, 2011Post where, what, and when the urban bounty can be gleaned.
Tuesday, March 22, 2011The link between fresh fruits and vegetables and healthy citizens,is being promoted from the White ...
Tuesday, March 22, 2011The link between fresh fruits and vegetables and healthy citizens,is being promoted from the White ...
Alice Water’s School Yard Edible GardenTuesday, March 22, 2011Alice Waters Edible School Yard teaches children to grow and...
Involving City and Suburban Kids with Growing FoodTuesday, March 22, 2011Programs such as Kids First RI, City Spouts Cambr...
CONTAINER AND ROOF GARDENSTuesday, March 22, 2011Containers and planters transform
Transforming a Parking LotTuesday, March 22, 2011unattractive paved areas into gardens,
Vertical Fence   Maine Botanic GardenTuesday, March 22, 2011 pocket parks
St. Louis                                       Planter BuffersTuesday, March 22, 2011 or pleasant sidewalk seating areas.
Civic SquareTuesday, March 22, 2011The economic boost to adjacent businesses in making streets attractive is unequivocal.
detroit                                     Edible Walls   Growing Power HeadquartersTuesday, March 22, 2011Containers max...
Salad WallTuesday, March 22, 2011for growing food
Mobile Edible Wall Units        (MEWU)Tuesday, March 22, 2011
Planting Strip Gardens , Portland ORTuesday, March 22, 2011in both the civic
alley way herbs                          Herb Alley behind RestaurantTuesday, March 22, 2011
Balcony GardensTuesday, March 22, 2011 and private realm
Truck FarmTuesday, March 22, 2011some people even take truck farming literally
Dock FarmTuesday, March 22, 2011floating greenhouse and dock containers
Pot FarmTuesday, March 22, 2011herbs
Roof FarmTuesday, March 22, 2011 Roof- tops are, the ultimate container garden.
Culinary FarmTuesday, March 22, 2011But remember, the vast majority of our food comes from our rural farms
CITY CENTER                                                                                                 T-6           ...
Quincy Market Boston MA 1825           Cuadios de John StobartTuesday, March 22, 2011Market districts are part of our cult...
Faneuil Hall Market 1890Tuesday, March 22, 2011and are embedded within the fabric of the city.
T-6                          Faneuil Hall Market                     circa   1922Tuesday, March 22, 2011Old maps are valua...
Pike Place Market SeattleTuesday, March 22, 2011One of the oldest continuously operated farmers market in the country, beg...
Produce Market HallTuesday, March 22, 2011Lucca Italy has a central hall ringed with small shops open to both street, plaz...
• districts, food streets                          • Specialty shops                          • Push carts                ...
market street                             Pick ‘n EatTuesday, March 22, 2011
Market Hall                           Local ProductsTuesday, March 22, 2011and local venders
No MarketTuesday, March 22, 2011Lost places can be revitalized as market districts.
Food MarketTuesday, March 22, 2011Borough Market in South London uses space under elevated train tracks.
Market Under BridgeTuesday, March 22, 2011and this one in Portland OR
Market - No HallTuesday, March 22, 2011Permanent market square
market with espalir                              Ephemeral MarketTuesday, March 22, 2011in a civic square
• farmers market                          Street ClosuresTuesday, March 22, 2011
• green grocers                               Sidewalk MarketTuesday, March 22, 2011green grocers,
• green grocers                               Sidewalk MarketTuesday, March 22, 2011green grocers,
• corner stores                                Corner MarketTuesday, March 22, 2011corner stores,
Mobile MarketTuesday, March 22, 2011Roving Truck Farms
Push Cart MarketsTuesday, March 22, 2011penetrate into neighborhoods that have limited access to fresh fruits and vegetables
URBAN CASE STUDY                                         BOSTON EMERALD NECKLACETuesday, March 22, 2011Boston’s Emerald Ne...
Tuesday, March 22, 2011 Within this magnificent park and urban wild system,
Tuesday, March 22, 2011 Within this magnificent park and urban wild system,
Back Bay FensTuesday, March 22, 2011a full range of civic amenities are provided,
Fenway Victory GardensTuesday, March 22, 2011including the countries earliest community gardens
Boston Emerald                             Necklace                             City BountifulTuesday, March 22, 2011 Esta...
Farm to TableTuesday, March 22, 2011  Direct connections to locally grown food include: restaurants
Tuesday, March 22, 2011 such as New Rivers, which sources all of its food from local organic farms, fair trade organizatio...
Tuesday, March 22, 2011Oleana: in Cambridge MA, which owns a 50 acre organic market farm, 25 miles west of Boston, that su...
• Grocers                          Rising Tide Market, Damariscotta ME ,Tuesday, March 22, 2011large photo posters of loca...
WHAT’S                                          NEXT?   • ConclusionTuesday, March 22, 2011Urban Agriculture is more than ...
Tuesday, March 22, 2011Andres Duany caught the grass fed bull by the proverbial horns, when he realized, it is current zon...
a book about creating policies for new urban usesTuesday, March 22, 2011As we work to change this course, let us also reme...
Bon Appétit!Tuesday, March 22, 2011
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Farm to Market by Mary Dennis, Civic Landscape

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Looking at the requirements for agriculture at all urban to rural transect zones, from farm to market. Presentation given by Mary Dennis, Civic Landscape at the CNU-NE Sustainability Summit in New Haven Spring 2011.

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Transcript of "Farm to Market by Mary Dennis, Civic Landscape"

  1. 1. FARM TO MARKET production, distribution and selling of food within the communityTuesday, March 22, 2011Hello! Today, I am gong to start with the land....and end at the table.Agricultural Urbanism includes more than community gardens and green roofs.It includes food production within the whole region, from the wilderness to the city center.
  2. 2. • large scale farm Wheat Fields MontanaTuesday, March 22, 2011Farms, from the very large
  3. 3. City Slicker Farm OaklandTuesday, March 22, 2011to the very small, are part of the whole picture
  4. 4. Tuesday, March 22, 2011in securing food resources for the future.
  5. 5. Maine Farms at WorkTuesday, March 22, 2011We must protect our agricultural lands and economies with
  6. 6. Protecting FarmlandTuesday, March 22, 2011planning that includes farmland, with the ecological benefits of watershed and natural resource protection.
  7. 7. Rhode Island’s farmers contribute 90 million dollars to economy.Tuesday, March 22, 2011and by Supporting local farmers bringing fresh food to the urban marketplace.
  8. 8. Chicago IL Holyoke MATuesday, March 22, 2011Small specialty farms, can net respectable incomes and be dovetailed within the civic fabric.
  9. 9. • tiny with big car Typical size of community garden plotTuesday, March 22, 2011Even a tiny 10 X 20 plot, the size of a parking spot, can yield significant food.
  10. 10. Farriers and VeterinariansTuesday, March 22, 2011But A single farmer cannot survive without nearby agricultural services,which requires the support of a community of farmers.By forming co-ops, farmers share the costs of support businesses
  11. 11. Farriers and Veterinarians Community Kitchens Seed and Feed Store Implement dealerTuesday, March 22, 2011But A single farmer cannot survive without nearby agricultural services,which requires the support of a community of farmers.By forming co-ops, farmers share the costs of support businesses
  12. 12. A dairy collective of 9 farmsTuesday, March 22, 2011Some local examples include Rhody Fresh Milk....
  13. 13. Tuesday, March 22, 2011 ..... Little Rhody Natural eggs
  14. 14. Tuesday, March 22, 2011 ..... Little Rhody Natural eggs
  15. 15. Over 120 Sheep GrowersTuesday, March 22, 2011and Rhody Warm Blankets.
  16. 16. Tuesday, March 22, 2011Little City Growers Cooperative pools their resources to supply local restaurants and farmers markets,
  17. 17. City Farm Scratch Farm Red Planet Farm Front Step FarmTuesday, March 22, 2011Little City Growers Cooperative pools their resources to supply local restaurants and farmers markets,
  18. 18. Tuesday, March 22, 2011 Even large scale organic farms and orchards rely on co-ops, In particular, access to certified organic processing plants.
  19. 19. Tuesday, March 22, 2011 Cascade Farms, in the Pacific Northwest, pools fruit, vegetable and grains, to be processed and delivered nationally
  20. 20. Culinary and Economic PlacemakingTuesday, March 22, 2011The region, the climate, and traditions of people, reflect what comes to market and table.After all - a Big Mac tastes the same everywhere, but lobster chowder and green chili stew are as unique to their regions as their buildingsand landscapes.
  21. 21. Culinary and Economic PlacemakingTuesday, March 22, 2011The region, the climate, and traditions of people, reflect what comes to market and table.After all - a Big Mac tastes the same everywhere, but lobster chowder and green chili stew are as unique to their regions as their buildingsand landscapes.
  22. 22. Codman Community Farm in Lincoln MATuesday, March 22, 2011Small farms help preserve these regional and cultural food-ways,
  23. 23. HARVESTING THE WILD T1Tuesday, March 22, 2011So let’s start with the Wilderness.
  24. 24. The Original OrganicTuesday, March 22, 2011 Which requires intimate knowledge of the land, plants, animals and seasons,
  25. 25. Gathering dulse Nova Kim and Les Hook Gathering rice source wild foods for restaurants inVermont The Original OrganicTuesday, March 22, 2011 Which requires intimate knowledge of the land, plants, animals and seasons,
  26. 26. WILDERNESS CASE STUDY YOSEMITETuesday, March 22, 2011Yosemite provided a bountiful source of food.
  27. 27. WILDERNESS CASE STUDY YOSEMITE YOSEMITE mapTuesday, March 22, 2011for the Miwok Indians, whose village settlements date back thousands of years.
  28. 28. Tuesday, March 22, 2011Husbandry practices included annual burns, to maintain open meadows and savanna like groves.Practices that profoundly shaped the landscape in which they lived.
  29. 29. Tuesday, March 22, 2011Husbandry practices included annual burns, to maintain open meadows and savanna like groves.Practices that profoundly shaped the landscape in which they lived.
  30. 30. Tuesday, March 22, 2011In addition, pruning, tilling and harvesting created favorable conditions for browsing game, controlled insect pests,
  31. 31. Tuesday, March 22, 2011In addition, pruning, tilling and harvesting created favorable conditions for browsing game, controlled insect pests,
  32. 32. Acorns from black oaks managed over hundreds of yearsTuesday, March 22, 2011increased the harvests of food staples, and produced better materials for building and basketry.
  33. 33. Tuesday, March 22, 2011By 1850, 80% of the Indian population had been decimated by old world diseases
  34. 34. Tuesday, March 22, 2011and then further reduced in the wake of the gold rush.
  35. 35. Our first National Park 1890Tuesday, March 22, 2011So when Yosemite was ‘rediscovered’ it was mistakenly believed to be a pristine landscape,untouched by human hands.
  36. 36. Tuesday, March 22, 2011A majestic arcadia,Now the realization has dawned that ‘wilderness’ must in fact be tended and cultivated.
  37. 37. Tuesday, March 22, 2011Cultural practices are being reintroduced to help restore and manage our public lands,Stewarding the wilderness is rekindling Native skills and economies and bringing the ‘products’ of arcadia to the marketplace.
  38. 38. RESTORING AGRICULTURAL COMMUNITIES T-2 T2 20+ acres The Rural ZoneTuesday, March 22, 2011Our cities and towns are only as healthy as our natural resources, including how and where food is grown.
  39. 39. Farm as FoodshedTuesday, March 22, 2011Stemming the loss of farms involves supporting strong agricultural communities, the sources of fresh food for the urban region.
  40. 40. 7 acres Rhode Island contains 10% of land it needsTuesday, March 22, 2011 This is the land necessary, we need, per person, for food and clean water. Think of farms as food sheds, similar to a watersheds, as the land resources needed to support a metropolitan area.
  41. 41. Tuesday, March 22, 2011Practices that preserve the health of the soil are critical too.Systematic crop rotations build soil fertility, reduce erosion and act as carbon sinks.
  42. 42. TuscanTuesday, March 22, 2011 This beautiful landscape is a Powerful testament of wasteland restoration. Val D’ Orcia was once so depleted it resembled a moonscape.
  43. 43. Tuesday, March 22, 2011Centuries of war had left the fields untended, and shepherd’s grazed the land to ruination.
  44. 44. Tuesday, March 22, 2011Careful cultivation has been the 20th century work of Iris and Antonio Origo.Now protected as a UNESCO heritage site; the quintessence of a fertile, and scenic Tuscan Landscape.
  45. 45. Tuesday, March 22, 2011To Protect our Farms as an important part of our scenic and cultural heritage
  46. 46. • Land Trusts • NRCS National Resource Conservation Service of the USDA • Co-ops • American Farmland Trust s aving the land that sustains us • SAGE• land trustssustainable agriculture education • New • NRCSSmall Farm Institute England National Resource Conservation Service of the USDA • Leasing Co-ops • • American Farmland Trust saving the land that sustains us • SAGE sustainable agriculture education • New England Small Farm InstituteTuesday, March 22, 2011many organizations and are partnering with farmers, to provide educational programs,
  47. 47. • legacy farm Billing Farm VTTuesday, March 22, 2011 preserve heritage live-stock breeds, crops, architecture,
  48. 48. Crop rotation through grazingTuesday, March 22, 2011and sustainable land practices.
  49. 49. “Connecting farmers, chefs and eaters”Tuesday, March 22, 2011But we all can make a difference ........Buying local, tops the list of enabling farmers to stay in business,Farm Fresh is a distribution co-op, which allows farmers to spend more time doing what they do best, growing food.
  50. 50. Community Supported Agriculture CSATuesday, March 22, 2011By joining a CSA, you help guarantee a source of income for a farmer in exchange for a share of the produce.
  51. 51. Ayers Creek FarmTuesday, March 22, 2011 Restaurants that support specialty crop growers as sources of seasonal and local produce,
  52. 52. new farm to tableTuesday, March 22, 2011bring Fresh and Innovative cuisine to the table, creating a wider demand in the marketplace.
  53. 53. • road side farm stand Seasonal Farm StandsTuesday, March 22, 2011 Distribution in the rural zone include roadside sales...
  54. 54. General StoreTuesday, March 22, 2011 .....General stores.....
  55. 55. Truck Farmer Pick Your OwnTuesday, March 22, 2011direct farm purchases and sales.
  56. 56. RURAL CASE STUDY LOS POBLANOS NM Los PoblanosTuesday, March 22, 2011 The Rio Grande River, flowing through the North Valley of Albuquerque, has supported civilization for thousands of years.
  57. 57. Tuesday, March 22, 2011 Once an extensive land grant dating back to 1716, the Present, 25 acre farm, keeps 80% protected in agricultural cultivation.
  58. 58. AcequiasTuesday, March 22, 2011As part of the heritage of the North Valley, Los Poblanos is preserving their acequias, an irrigation method of field flooding, that channelsthe river onto the fields.
  59. 59. • lavender fieldsTuesday, March 22, 2011 However, the farm is shifting away from water intensive crops such as alfalfa, and pioneering lavender as a high commodity crop for thearid southwest.
  60. 60. • CSATuesday, March 22, 2011The farm also partners with Los Poblanos Organics, a large CSA with over 2,000 members,
  61. 61. Tuesday, March 22, 2011To revive the nearly extinct Navajo Churro Sheep, Los Poblanos participated in a breeding program that has re-introduced the sheep to theNavajo Nation.A 4-H program, hosted at Los Poblanos, continues the work of preserving heritage breeds.
  62. 62. Sand Hill CranesTuesday, March 22, 2011Winter fields are left uncultivated, so that migrant birds, have a protected area to glean and serendipitously fertilize the fields.
  63. 63. Farm to TableTuesday, March 22, 2011Today the farm is a Historic Cultural Center and Inn.The chef takes pride in serving the bounty of the farm to guests.
  64. 64. Mount Vernon George Washington’s Georgian farm on the Potomac River.Tuesday, March 22, 2011Dignified living arrangements for skilled laborers, farm hands and their families is an important planning element for all farm communities.At Mount Vernon, these were laid out in both a practical and inclusive manner.
  65. 65. • farm worker housing Moule & Polyzoides, design by Bill Dennis Farm-worker Housing Shafter CATuesday, March 22, 2011And here, NEW housing in the Central Valley.
  66. 66. RECONFIGURING SPRAWL T-3 T3 • Reconfiguring Sprawl Medium scale agriculture Small farms 5-20 acresTuesday, March 22, 2011 The Sub Urban Zone:For farms to be viewed as an environmental amenity, a broader literacy of where our food comes from needs continued advocacy,especially in this highly contested zone where the pressures of development are high.
  67. 67. Agricultural District Before Development Rural by DesignTuesday, March 22, 2011Sprawl can be re-channeled to preserve agricultural resources,
  68. 68. After Conventional Development Dodd Associates, Rural Design Manual Rural by DesignTuesday, March 22, 2011Instead of large lot sub-divisions,
  69. 69. After Creative Development Rural by DesignTuesday, March 22, 2011This saves considerable infrastructure and land costs.
  70. 70. Better Still Infill Comparative size Mall vs Town 116 acres Rockland MaineTuesday, March 22, 2011 But Better Still, Infill.
  71. 71. Tuesday, March 22, 2011Grey field sites,
  72. 72. Tuesday, March 22, 2011reconfigured into streets and blocks, with civic spaces
  73. 73. Tuesday, March 22, 2011and mixed use buildings, saves even more farmland from new development.
  74. 74. Mixed lot sizesTuesday, March 22, 2011Historic hamlet plans, diagram the components of the food-shed,from small farmyards and kitchen gardens,
  75. 75. Village MarketTuesday, March 22, 2011to civic spaces accommodating market days,
  76. 76. general store • general store General StoreTuesday, March 22, 2011to General Stores, which serve as post offices and gathering places,
  77. 77. Direct Farm PurchaseTuesday, March 22, 2011to home businesses.
  78. 78. SUB - URBAN CASE STUDY HADLEY MA Incorporated 1659Tuesday, March 22, 2011Situated on a bend in the Connecticut River, this area has some of the best farmland in all of New England.
  79. 79. SUB - URBAN CASE STUDY HADLEY MA Incorporated 1659Tuesday, March 22, 2011Situated on a bend in the Connecticut River, this area has some of the best farmland in all of New England.
  80. 80. SUB - URBAN CASE STUDY HADLEY MATuesday, March 22, 2011The mile long town green spans the peninsular plain.
  81. 81. Tuesday, March 22, 2011Farmsteads are aligned to the Green with formal setbacks.Barns and farm structures are behind the houses with fields stretching continuously beyond.
  82. 82. Typical Farm ComplexTuesday, March 22, 2011 Pittsfield
  83. 83. Tuesday, March 22, 2011The cross roads at mid-section form a civic and commercial center.
  84. 84. Town Center Hadley Commons sugar maples Farm House 330’ ROW - Green + Two-way Traffic Both SidesTuesday, March 22, 2011Farm Based Codes, would be a useful tool for protecting working landscapes from rural sprawl and big box development. Acounterpoint to Form Based Codes.
  85. 85. RURAL URBAN CONNECTIVITY T-4 T4 Specialty farms 1-5 acres • Rural Urban Connectivity Community Gardens Front Gardens Kitchen GardensTuesday, March 22, 2011Neighborhood EdgesSmall farms and large gardens buffer the rural transition towards the urban core
  86. 86. • green thumb lotsTuesday, March 22, 2011 and give ambitious gardeners and farmers closer access to civic life.
  87. 87. edible flowers and herbsTuesday, March 22, 2011But, current ordinances will need to be rewritten,allowing agriculture in urban zones, and giving farmers protection from development.
  88. 88. edible flowers and herbsTuesday, March 22, 2011But, current ordinances will need to be rewritten,allowing agriculture in urban zones, and giving farmers protection from development.
  89. 89. Backyard sheep, geese and chickens Portsmouth NHTuesday, March 22, 2011and permitting small animal husbandry and home businesses
  90. 90. INTRA-URBAN AGRICULTURE T-4 Community gardens Yard Gardens Container GardensTuesday, March 22, 2011The weave of rural into General Neighborhoods is enhanced by the addition of community gardens
  91. 91. Historic Boston Community GardensTuesday, March 22, 2011which have the potential to supply a huge share of locally grown food - over 40% during WWII.
  92. 92. Cleveland City Hall Plaza -1943Tuesday, March 22, 2011 and can be planted in Civic greens,
  93. 93. Cleveland City Hall Plaza -1943Tuesday, March 22, 2011 and can be planted in Civic greens,
  94. 94. kindergarden Portland OR - 1943Tuesday, March 22, 2011school yards,
  95. 95. TorontoTuesday, March 22, 2011street medians, you name it,
  96. 96. Urban Farming leading the way • Milwaukee • Mac Arthur Genius • $400,000. to create jobs in urban agriculture Will Allen CEO Growing PowerTuesday, March 22, 2011passionate activist are leading the way
  97. 97. 40 squares miles of vacant land 25,600 acres DETROIT - Motor City to Farm CityTuesday, March 22, 2011Detroit is being re-imagined, as a urban farming city
  98. 98. 40 squares miles of vacant land 25,600 acres DETROIT - Motor City to Farm CityTuesday, March 22, 2011Detroit is being re-imagined, as a urban farming city
  99. 99. Urban Agriculture in Chicago: Navigating the Rules of Zoning for Urban FarmsTuesday, March 22, 2011Chicago is pioneering the legal work of necessary to encourage urban farming
  100. 100. YARDSTuesday, March 22, 2011 Yards are being redesigned
  101. 101. kitchen garden Tsawwassen B.C. CanadaTuesday, March 22, 2011as Kitchen gardens
  102. 102. WilliamsburgTuesday, March 22, 2011Herb gardens
  103. 103. WilliamsburgTuesday, March 22, 2011Vegetable gardens
  104. 104. Kitchen Gardens, Orchards and FieldsTuesday, March 22, 2011 that feather in with joining fields and civic greens
  105. 105. Market Hall with Community Room AboveTuesday, March 22, 2011 As density increases, a greater reliance and diversity of markets becomes important.
  106. 106. GENERAL STORE Apartments aboveTuesday, March 22, 2011General stores, small grocers,
  107. 107. Farmer’s MarketTuesday, March 22, 2011 CSA’s pickup points,
  108. 108. garden center Small Garden ShopTuesday, March 22, 2011and a variety of small specialty shops,
  109. 109. EDGE CASE STUDY New Town St. Charles MS Founded in 2003Tuesday, March 22, 2011North of St. Louis, situated on the plain at the confluence of the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers.The 12 acre Organic farm sits on the edge of the town fabric,providing a buffer from the surrounding, large scale farms.
  110. 110. New Town Organic FarmTuesday, March 22, 2011Functions as a community asset,
  111. 111. In -Town MarketsTuesday, March 22, 2011providing fresh produce to the town market and restaurants.
  112. 112. • comm Community and production plotsTuesday, March 22, 2011A full time farming couple live on the farm and actively engages with the town,
  113. 113. NEIGHBORHOOD CENTER T-5 T5 • Secure Community Gardens secure open space for community gardensTuesday, March 22, 2011Community gardens should be considered as integral as parks and playgrounds, in the overall green space system, andgiven special designation as a type of open-space that is protected from future development.
  114. 114. Tuesday, March 22, 2011 well interspersed within easy walking distances within neighborhoods.
  115. 115. Tuesday, March 22, 2011The reclamation of vacant lots, creates strong community ties and pride, a powerfully positive and proactive way to transform the places welive and stabilize real estate values
  116. 116. • Oakland City Farm City Slicker Farm Oakland CATuesday, March 22, 2011 Small plots of land managed by individual farmers, are also transforming vacant land.
  117. 117. Farm Steward Rich Pederson South Side Community Land Trust City Farm Providence RI Last year, City Farm grew 1,539 pounds of food on just 3/4 of an acre!Tuesday, March 22, 2011A bio-intensive commercial farm and outdoor classroom. City Farm sells produce at local farmers markets and restaurants and givesregular food donations to local charities.
  118. 118. Urban Apple Trees - Peterborough NHTuesday, March 22, 2011Growing edible plants in the public realm is relatively untapped.Street trees and tree verges are prime areas for extending the edible landscape.
  119. 119. Brooklyn OrchardTuesday, March 22, 2011Trees and shrubs with edible fruits, are highly ornamental and suited for both the civic and residential landscapes.
  120. 120. Edible Streets - Portland ORTuesday, March 22, 2011street tree verge
  121. 121. Driveway to FoodwayTuesday, March 22, 2011
  122. 122. wild cherries, elderberries, spring ramps, purslane, ...... Ginkgo nuts, a delicacy Urban Foraging NetworksTuesday, March 22, 2011 edible ‘weeds’ are in abundance, if you know where to look. Urban Foraging networks
  123. 123. Mapping Seattle’s Urban OrchardTuesday, March 22, 2011Post where, what, and when the urban bounty can be gleaned.
  124. 124. Tuesday, March 22, 2011The link between fresh fruits and vegetables and healthy citizens,is being promoted from the White House to the classroom,
  125. 125. Tuesday, March 22, 2011The link between fresh fruits and vegetables and healthy citizens,is being promoted from the White House to the classroom,
  126. 126. Alice Water’s School Yard Edible GardenTuesday, March 22, 2011Alice Waters Edible School Yard teaches children to grow and prepare fresh nutritious food,A model for schools across the country,
  127. 127. Involving City and Suburban Kids with Growing FoodTuesday, March 22, 2011Programs such as Kids First RI, City Spouts Cambridge, and the Food Project Boston, source food from local farmers for school lunches,giving urban children direct connections to where their food comes from.
  128. 128. CONTAINER AND ROOF GARDENSTuesday, March 22, 2011Containers and planters transform
  129. 129. Transforming a Parking LotTuesday, March 22, 2011unattractive paved areas into gardens,
  130. 130. Vertical Fence Maine Botanic GardenTuesday, March 22, 2011 pocket parks
  131. 131. St. Louis Planter BuffersTuesday, March 22, 2011 or pleasant sidewalk seating areas.
  132. 132. Civic SquareTuesday, March 22, 2011The economic boost to adjacent businesses in making streets attractive is unequivocal.
  133. 133. detroit Edible Walls Growing Power HeadquartersTuesday, March 22, 2011Containers maximize limited space
  134. 134. Salad WallTuesday, March 22, 2011for growing food
  135. 135. Mobile Edible Wall Units (MEWU)Tuesday, March 22, 2011
  136. 136. Planting Strip Gardens , Portland ORTuesday, March 22, 2011in both the civic
  137. 137. alley way herbs Herb Alley behind RestaurantTuesday, March 22, 2011
  138. 138. Balcony GardensTuesday, March 22, 2011 and private realm
  139. 139. Truck FarmTuesday, March 22, 2011some people even take truck farming literally
  140. 140. Dock FarmTuesday, March 22, 2011floating greenhouse and dock containers
  141. 141. Pot FarmTuesday, March 22, 2011herbs
  142. 142. Roof FarmTuesday, March 22, 2011 Roof- tops are, the ultimate container garden.
  143. 143. Culinary FarmTuesday, March 22, 2011But remember, the vast majority of our food comes from our rural farms
  144. 144. CITY CENTER T-6 Permanent Market Halls, Squares & GrocersTuesday, March 22, 2011The greatest variety of markets is represented in the city center, a receptor of goods rather than a producer ofgoods
  145. 145. Quincy Market Boston MA 1825 Cuadios de John StobartTuesday, March 22, 2011Market districts are part of our cultural DNA
  146. 146. Faneuil Hall Market 1890Tuesday, March 22, 2011and are embedded within the fabric of the city.
  147. 147. T-6 Faneuil Hall Market circa 1922Tuesday, March 22, 2011Old maps are valuable resources, to study how cities have facilitated receiving goods .....
  148. 148. Pike Place Market SeattleTuesday, March 22, 2011One of the oldest continuously operated farmers market in the country, begun in 1906, to cut out middlemen.Now encompassing 9 acres, housing over 200 businesses, 190 craftspeople and 100 farmers
  149. 149. Produce Market HallTuesday, March 22, 2011Lucca Italy has a central hall ringed with small shops open to both street, plaza and hall.
  150. 150. • districts, food streets • Specialty shops • Push carts Food StreetTuesday, March 22, 2011Districts that specialize in a variety of food shops.
  151. 151. market street Pick ‘n EatTuesday, March 22, 2011
  152. 152. Market Hall Local ProductsTuesday, March 22, 2011and local venders
  153. 153. No MarketTuesday, March 22, 2011Lost places can be revitalized as market districts.
  154. 154. Food MarketTuesday, March 22, 2011Borough Market in South London uses space under elevated train tracks.
  155. 155. Market Under BridgeTuesday, March 22, 2011and this one in Portland OR
  156. 156. Market - No HallTuesday, March 22, 2011Permanent market square
  157. 157. market with espalir Ephemeral MarketTuesday, March 22, 2011in a civic square
  158. 158. • farmers market Street ClosuresTuesday, March 22, 2011
  159. 159. • green grocers Sidewalk MarketTuesday, March 22, 2011green grocers,
  160. 160. • green grocers Sidewalk MarketTuesday, March 22, 2011green grocers,
  161. 161. • corner stores Corner MarketTuesday, March 22, 2011corner stores,
  162. 162. Mobile MarketTuesday, March 22, 2011Roving Truck Farms
  163. 163. Push Cart MarketsTuesday, March 22, 2011penetrate into neighborhoods that have limited access to fresh fruits and vegetables
  164. 164. URBAN CASE STUDY BOSTON EMERALD NECKLACETuesday, March 22, 2011Boston’s Emerald Necklace, begun in 1870, represents a comprehensive interweaving of green infrastructurefrom T1, Blue Hill Forest Reserves to T6 City Center and Market Halls
  165. 165. Tuesday, March 22, 2011 Within this magnificent park and urban wild system,
  166. 166. Tuesday, March 22, 2011 Within this magnificent park and urban wild system,
  167. 167. Back Bay FensTuesday, March 22, 2011a full range of civic amenities are provided,
  168. 168. Fenway Victory GardensTuesday, March 22, 2011including the countries earliest community gardens
  169. 169. Boston Emerald Necklace City BountifulTuesday, March 22, 2011 Established in 1892,
  170. 170. Farm to TableTuesday, March 22, 2011 Direct connections to locally grown food include: restaurants
  171. 171. Tuesday, March 22, 2011 such as New Rivers, which sources all of its food from local organic farms, fair trade organizations and sustainable seafood distributors.
  172. 172. Tuesday, March 22, 2011Oleana: in Cambridge MA, which owns a 50 acre organic market farm, 25 miles west of Boston, that supplies local restaurants (includingOleana), farmers markets, and a 300 member CSA
  173. 173. • Grocers Rising Tide Market, Damariscotta ME ,Tuesday, March 22, 2011large photo posters of local farmers give a visual connection to customersof the people growing the food sold in the market
  174. 174. WHAT’S NEXT? • ConclusionTuesday, March 22, 2011Urban Agriculture is more than just growing food.It is about the design of the places in which we live, work and sustain ourselves.It is not about de-urbanizing our cities, but about re-integrating green space into the urban fabric to include growing food and civic spacesfor markets squares and halls. Designs that will give farmers greater accessibility to civic life and urban neighborhoods a directconnection to where their food comes from.
  175. 175. Tuesday, March 22, 2011Andres Duany caught the grass fed bull by the proverbial horns, when he realized, it is current zoning codes that are driving the course ofdevelopment and preventing Town Building in a traditional mixed-use fashion.
  176. 176. a book about creating policies for new urban usesTuesday, March 22, 2011As we work to change this course, let us also remember to include farming and community gardens into our zoning and plans, along withmarket squares and the protection, of agricultural resources, so that locally grown food is secure and readily available well into the future.
  177. 177. Bon Appétit!Tuesday, March 22, 2011
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