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Adverbs and Movies Adverbs and Movies Presentation Transcript

  •  Lesson 1: Adverbs Modifying VerbsLesson 1: Adverbs Modifying Verbs
  • WHAT ARE ADVERBS?WHAT ARE ADVERBS? Adverb: is a word that describes a verb, anAdverb: is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.adjective, or another adverb. An adverb tells…An adverb tells…  HOWHOW (grandly, quickly, happily)(grandly, quickly, happily)  WHEN (rarely, later, immediately, often, usually)WHEN (rarely, later, immediately, often, usually)  WHEREWHERE (downstairs, below, here)(downstairs, below, here) EXAMPLE: The bandit ran quickly to hisEXAMPLE: The bandit ran quickly to his getaway car.getaway car. ((QuicklyQuickly describes the action verbdescribes the action verb ranran.).)
  • Positioning of AdverbsPositioning of Adverbs  Before the verbBefore the verb : The guests: The guests oftenoften dineddined at that restaurant.at that restaurant.  After the verbAfter the verb : The guests: The guests dineddined oftenoften at that restaurant.at that restaurant.  At the beginningAt the beginning :: OftenOften guestsguests dineddined atat that restaurant.that restaurant.  At the endAt the end : Guests: Guests dineddined at thatat that restaurantrestaurant oftenoften..
  • Video Clip Time!Video Clip Time!  Click on the Syntax Movie 1 link on theClick on the Syntax Movie 1 link on the wiki page.wiki page. Lord Syntax & Adverbs. 21 October 2007. (Online Image) YouTube. 21Lord Syntax & Adverbs. 21 October 2007. (Online Image) YouTube. 21 November 2008. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?November 2008. <http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=8JBnTXMcaJo>v=8JBnTXMcaJo>
  • Did you know?Did you know?  Most adverbs are formed by adding –ly toMost adverbs are formed by adding –ly to an adjective. EXAMPLES: actively, fondly,an adjective. EXAMPLES: actively, fondly, quietly, quickly.quietly, quickly.  However, some adverbs are exceptions.However, some adverbs are exceptions. EXAMPLES: after, often, now, and later.EXAMPLES: after, often, now, and later.
  • LESSON 2LESSON 2 Adverbs ModifyingAdverbs Modifying AdverbsAdverbs andand AdjectivesAdjectives
  • veryvery tootoo almostalmost soso reallyreally partlypartly quitequite nearlynearly somewhatsomewhat totallytotally extremelyextremely barelybarely hardlyhardly ratherrather usuallyusually partlypartly  AdverbsAdverbs intensifyintensify the meaning of otherthe meaning of other adverbs and adjectives.adverbs and adjectives. ADVERBS OFTEN USED TO DESCRIBEADVERBS OFTEN USED TO DESCRIBE ADVERBS AND ADJECTIVES ARE:ADVERBS AND ADJECTIVES ARE:
  • Let’s watch a video…Let’s watch a video…  Click on the Syntax Movie 2 link on the wikiClick on the Syntax Movie 2 link on the wiki page.page. Lolly Lolly Lolly. 25 January 2007. (Online movie) YouTube.com. 21Lolly Lolly Lolly. 25 January 2007. (Online movie) YouTube.com. 21 November 2008. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?November 2008. <http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=FWYmEICNgOQ>v=FWYmEICNgOQ>
  • EXAMPLES:EXAMPLES: AdverbsAdverbs modifyingmodifying AdjectivesAdjectives She became a very popular schoolShe became a very popular school president.president. He became an extremely famous chef.He became an extremely famous chef.
  • EXAMPLESEXAMPLES AdverbAdverb modifying othermodifying other AdverbsAdverbs:: She entered school unusually late inShe entered school unusually late in lifelife.. He learned where his classes wereHe learned where his classes were quite quickly.quite quickly.
  • LESSON 3 / Adverbs That CompareLESSON 3 / Adverbs That Compare  COMPARATIVECOMPARATIVE form of an adverbform of an adverb comparescompares twotwo actions or things.actions or things.  SUPERLATIVESUPERLATIVE form of an adverbform of an adverb comparescompares moremore than twothan two actionsactions or thingsor things
  • Comparing One-Syllable AdverbsComparing One-Syllable Adverbs  For most adverbs of only 1 syllable, addFor most adverbs of only 1 syllable, add –er–er to maketo make the comparative form andthe comparative form and –est–est to make theto make the superlative form.superlative form. *EXAMPLE /*EXAMPLE / COMPARATIVECOMPARATIVE: Ronald Reagan served: Ronald Reagan served longerlonger as president than Jimmy Carter.as president than Jimmy Carter. *EXAMPLE /*EXAMPLE / SUPERLATIVESUPERLATIVE: Franklin Roosevelt served: Franklin Roosevelt served longestlongest of any president.of any president.
  • Comparing Two-Syllable AdverbsComparing Two-Syllable Adverbs  For adverbs that end inFor adverbs that end in –ly–ly or that haveor that have moremore than onethan one syllable, use the wordsyllable, use the word moremore to formto form thethe comparativecomparative andand mostmost to form theto form the superlativesuperlative.. *EXAMPLE / COMPARATIVE: Our class studied*EXAMPLE / COMPARATIVE: Our class studied RooseveltRoosevelt more thoroughlymore thoroughly than Reagan.than Reagan. *EXAMPLE / SUPERLATIVE: We studied Lincoln*EXAMPLE / SUPERLATIVE: We studied Lincoln most thoroughlymost thoroughly of all.of all.
  • Irregular Comparative FormsIrregular Comparative Forms ADVERBADVERB COMPARATIVECOMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVESUPERLATIVE wellwell betterbetter bestbest badlybadly worseworse worstworst Little (amount)Little (amount) lessless leastleast Far (distance)Far (distance) fartherfarther farthestfarthest Far (degree)Far (degree) furtherfurther furthestfurthest
  • NEXT:NEXT: Lesson 4 Telling Adjectives andLesson 4 Telling Adjectives and Adverbs ApartAdverbs Apart  Martha Washington wasMartha Washington was happyhappy at Mount Vernon.at Mount Vernon.  Martha Washington livedMartha Washington lived happilyhappily at Mount Vernon.at Mount Vernon. *In the first sentence,*In the first sentence, happyhappy is a predicateis a predicate adjective. It follows the linking verbadjective. It follows the linking verb waswas andand modifies the subject.modifies the subject. *In the second sentence,*In the second sentence, happilyhappily is an adverb. Itis an adverb. It modifies the action verbmodifies the action verb livedlived..
  • EXAMPLES / Telling Adjectives fromEXAMPLES / Telling Adjectives from AdverbsAdverbs ADJECTIVEADJECTIVE ADVERBADVERB The sound isThe sound is badbad.. The actor sangThe actor sang badlybadly.. The band soundsThe band sounds goodgood.. The band playedThe band played wellwell.. Music is aMusic is a realreal art.art. Music isMusic is reallyreally popular.popular. A pianist needsA pianist needs suresure hands.hands. Piano music isPiano music is surelysurely popular.popular. MostMost pianos have 88pianos have 88 keys.keys. Piano stringsPiano strings almostalmost never break.never break.
  • LESSON 5LESSON 5 Avoiding Double Negatives (403-404)Avoiding Double Negatives (403-404)  The adverbThe adverb notnot is ais a negative wordnegative word,, expressing the ideaexpressing the idea ofof “no”“no” in ain a sentence. Thesentence. The word not oftenword not often appears in itsappears in its shortened form, theshortened form, the contraction –contraction – n’tn’t Is not=isn’tIs not=isn’t Cannot=Cannot= can’tcan’t Have not=Have not= haven’thaven’t Was not=Was not= wasn’twasn’t Could not=Could not= couldn’tcouldn’t Had not=Had not= hadn’thadn’t Were not=Were not= were’twere’t Do not =Do not = don’tdon’t WouldWould not=not= wouldn’twouldn’t Will not =Will not = won’twon’t Did not=Did not= didn’tdidn’t ShouldShould not=not= shouldn’tshouldn’t
  • Negative and Affirmative WordsNegative and Affirmative Words NEGATIVENEGATIVE AFFIRMATIVEAFFIRMATIVE nevernever Ever, alwaysEver, always nobodynobody Anybody, somebodyAnybody, somebody nonenone One, all, some, anyOne, all, some, any No oneNo one Everyone, someoneEveryone, someone nothingnothing Something, anythingSomething, anything nowherenowhere Somewhere, anywhereSomewhere, anywhere
  • AVOID USING DOUBLE NEGATIVES!!AVOID USING DOUBLE NEGATIVES!!  Lincoln hadn’t never gone to college.Lincoln hadn’t never gone to college.  Nobody didn’t get it right.Nobody didn’t get it right. *What are the double negatives in the above two*What are the double negatives in the above two sentences?sentences? DID YOU KNOWDID YOU KNOW You can correct a doubleYou can correct a double negative by removing one of the negative wordsnegative by removing one of the negative words oror by replacing it with an affirmative word?by replacing it with an affirmative word?