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Wave are oscillations (repeating  disturbance or movement)  that  transfers energy  through  matter  or  space . Waves mov...
Classification of Waves Mechanical Electromagnetic Longitudinal Transverse Surface Classification according to medium thro...
Light, radio, x-rays, and gamma rays are some examples of e/m waves.  Electric & magnetic fields are needed for ELECTROMAG...
Mechanical Waves <ul><li>Matter is the medium  </li></ul><ul><li>Sound is a mechanical wave </li></ul>
Electromagnetic Waves <ul><li>Electric and magnetic fields are the media  </li></ul><ul><li>Light is an electromagnetic wa...
 
The displacement of the particles of the medium is   perpendicular   to the direction of wave propagation. TRANSVERSE LONG...
Longitudinal  <ul><li>Longitudinal wave has oscillations that travel parallel (same direction) to the direction of motion ...
Transverse Waves <ul><li>All electromagnetic waves are transverse. This includes   light.   </li></ul><ul><li>Transverse w...
Click  here ,  here , and  here to view simulations of transverse and longitudinal waves. SURFACE A  combination  of trans...
Properties of Waves <ul><li>The properties of a waveforms are: </li></ul><ul><li>wavelength (period) </li></ul><ul><li>amp...
Wavelength the horizontal  distance  of one complete wave (crest to crest or trough to trough) denoted by    and measure...
Amplitude the  maximum displacement of a particle of the medium from the rest or equilibrium position denoted by A and mea...
Frequency  -  the number of waves that pass a given point in one second denoted by f and measured in units of Hz Period  ...
Velocity  - the  speed  of the wave denoted by v and measured in units of dist/time (m/s) v  = d/t =   / T  =  f    The ...
Interference the result of the  superposition of two or more waves Superposition Principle the displacement of the medium ...
Constructive results in a  larger amplitude Types of Interference Destructive results in a  smaller amplitude
Reflection the  turning back  of a wave when it reaches the  boundary  of the medium through which it is traveling
Law of Reflection the  angle of incidence  is  equal to the  angle of reflection
There are two types of reflection. Fixed-end Termination the reflected wave is inverted  when it reflects from a  more den...
the   bending   of a wave as it passes   obliquely   from one medium into another of  different propagation speed Refracti...
Diffraction the   spreading   of a wave around a barrier or through an opening
Read more about interference  here . Click  here  to view the interference pattern resulting from the superposition of two...
A  standing wave  is the result of two wave trains of the same wavelength ,  frequency , and  amplitude traveling in oppos...
Learn more about standing waves here ,  here , and  here . Click  here  to view a simulation of the interference of two tr...
Doppler Effect the change in frequency due to the relative motion of the wave source and the observer The  observed freque...
Click  here ,  here ,  here , and  here to run simulations of the Doppler Effect. The Doppler Effect can be evident for al...
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03-03-08 - Waves

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  • Transcript of "03-03-08 - Waves"

    1. 2. Wave are oscillations (repeating disturbance or movement) that transfers energy through matter or space . Waves move due to the movement of a vibration from a source through a medium longitudinal or compressional transverse pulse (single event) continuous (repeated events) Physical matter for mechanical waves Electric and magnetic fields for electromagnetic waves
    2. 3. Classification of Waves Mechanical Electromagnetic Longitudinal Transverse Surface Classification according to medium through which wave travels Classification according to wave orientation
    3. 4. Light, radio, x-rays, and gamma rays are some examples of e/m waves. Electric & magnetic fields are needed for ELECTROMAGNETIC waves. Mechanical Waves <ul><li>There are 3 types of mechanical waves. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1) transverse waves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2) compressional waves or longitudinal waves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3) surface waves </li></ul></ul>Electromagnetic Waves
    4. 5. Mechanical Waves <ul><li>Matter is the medium </li></ul><ul><li>Sound is a mechanical wave </li></ul>
    5. 6. Electromagnetic Waves <ul><li>Electric and magnetic fields are the media </li></ul><ul><li>Light is an electromagnetic wave </li></ul>
    6. 8. The displacement of the particles of the medium is perpendicular to the direction of wave propagation. TRANSVERSE LONGITUDINAL The displacement of the particles of the medium is parallel to the direction of wave propagation.
    7. 9. Longitudinal <ul><li>Longitudinal wave has oscillations that travel parallel (same direction) to the direction of motion                    </li></ul><ul><li>Made up of compressions and rarefactions in the medium that they are traveling in </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: sound waves and s waves for earthquakes </li></ul>
    8. 10. Transverse Waves <ul><li>All electromagnetic waves are transverse. This includes light. </li></ul><ul><li>Transverse wave: has its oscillations perpendicular to the direction of the wave. The wave moves left to right and the oscillation moves up and down </li></ul>
    9. 11. Click here , here , and here to view simulations of transverse and longitudinal waves. SURFACE A combination of transverse and longitudinal . Ocean waves are an example of surface waves
    10. 12. Properties of Waves <ul><li>The properties of a waveforms are: </li></ul><ul><li>wavelength (period) </li></ul><ul><li>amplitude </li></ul><ul><li>velocity </li></ul><ul><li>frequency </li></ul><ul><li>All periodic (repeating) waveforms have these common characteristics </li></ul>
    11. 13. Wavelength the horizontal distance of one complete wave (crest to crest or trough to trough) denoted by  and measured in units of length (m)
    12. 14. Amplitude the maximum displacement of a particle of the medium from the rest or equilibrium position denoted by A and measured in units of length (m)
    13. 15. Frequency  - the number of waves that pass a given point in one second denoted by f and measured in units of Hz Period - the shortest time interval during which the motion of the wave repeats itself denoted by T and measured in units of time (s) T = 1/ f & f = 1/ T
    14. 16. Velocity - the speed of the wave denoted by v and measured in units of dist/time (m/s) v = d/t =  / T = f  The speed of a wave depends on the properties of the medium through which it is traveling.
    15. 17. Interference the result of the superposition of two or more waves Superposition Principle the displacement of the medium when two or more waves pass through it at the same time is the algebraic sum of the displacements caused by the individual waves
    16. 18. Constructive results in a larger amplitude Types of Interference Destructive results in a smaller amplitude
    17. 19. Reflection the turning back of a wave when it reaches the boundary of the medium through which it is traveling
    18. 20. Law of Reflection the angle of incidence is equal to the angle of reflection
    19. 21. There are two types of reflection. Fixed-end Termination the reflected wave is inverted when it reflects from a more dense medium Free-end Termination the reflected wave is upright when it reflects from a less dense medium Click here to view these types of reflection.
    20. 22. the bending of a wave as it passes obliquely from one medium into another of different propagation speed Refraction For refraction to occur, the wave must change speed and must enter the new medium at an oblique angle.
    21. 23. Diffraction the spreading of a wave around a barrier or through an opening
    22. 24. Read more about interference here . Click here to view the interference pattern resulting from the superposition of two transverse waves. Click here and here to view simulations of the interference of two circular waves.
    23. 25. A standing wave is the result of two wave trains of the same wavelength , frequency , and amplitude traveling in opposite directions through the same medium.
    24. 26. Learn more about standing waves here , here , and here . Click here to view a simulation of the interference of two traveling waves that can result in a standing wave. Click here to view a simulation of standing waves on a string. Standing waves may be produced easily in water, string, and air columns.
    25. 27. Doppler Effect the change in frequency due to the relative motion of the wave source and the observer The observed frequency is higher when the source and observer are getting closer . The observed frequency is lower when the source and observer are getting farther away .
    26. 28. Click here , here , here , and here to run simulations of the Doppler Effect. The Doppler Effect can be evident for all types of waves – including light, sound, water, etc…
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